S: William Shakespeare and the Renaissance
FC: http://www.gamutplays.org/shakespeare/season/shakesbday | William Shakespeare in Elizabethan England and the Italian Renaissance By Richard Hoffberg
1: Italian Renaissance Page 2 and 3 ELizabethan England Page 4 and 5 Comparing and Contrasting Page 6 Essential Question Page 7 William Shakespeare's Life Page 8 and 9 William Shakespeare's Career Page 10, 11, 12, and 13 Language of the Time Page 14 and 15 Bibliography Page 16 and 17 | Table of Contents
2: The Italian Renaissance | The Italian Renaissance began in Italy because it had a prosperous economy with cities full of wealthy merchants. | Even thought humanism took the place of Christianity in some aspects of life, it was still important. | Art was revolutionary at the time. More realistic pictures were made by Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael. Machiavelli was also an influential philosopher. | During this time of Revolution, society began to see that people of honor like Kings and Monarchs are flawed. | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope | http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/vinci/joconde/ | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Peter's_Basilica | wallpaperweb.org
3: The Italian Renaissance | Businesses and trade expanded at the time. Cultural diffusion brought over the idea of banking from the Middle East. | The idea of humanism is emphasized. Humanism, trying for intellectual ideas and potential. Humanism changed the way people thought. | http://monobrowser.com/philosophy/humanism-the-great-thanksgiving/ | http://www.softwarethinktank.com/articles/how-a-bunch-of-italian-merchants-led-the-way-to-erp/
4: William Shakespeare and Elizabethan England | During the most important part of Shakespeare life, Queen Elizabeth I had power. | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_I_of_England | The capital of England, at the time was London. He spent most of his career in London. England was on the Irish and North Seas. | http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_Z4RH5PkULkI/TKDU2u5Mz3I/AAAAAAAAACU/WpjxTt4qIM0/s1600/england.gif | Christianity and Protestant were two religions that made a schism in the country. | http://blog.studyabroad.wisc.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Westminster-Abbey.jpeg
5: The English valued silk, gold,silver, hunting gear, embroidery, textiles weapons, lace and portraits. Students learned Latin in school but spoke English. | William Shakespeare and Elizabethan England | http://rhodeislandaltars.org/tag/church-embroidery/ | The economy was based off trade and agriculture The economy at the time was at a low with more beggars. | http://scienceguy288.wordpress.com/2009/10/18/new-series-a-strange-system-food-the-stage-is-set/ | There was essentially no middle class, either wealthy or in poverty. Monarch government controlled all of life. | http://www.pinstripepress.net/PPBlog/index.blog?start=1315918948
6: Comparing and Contrasting Elizabethan England and the Renaissance | The Renaissance was a time period with rejoicing of the revival of Greek and Roman culture, and celebrating life after the bubonic plague. Elizabethan England was similar, they were celebrating changes in society. For example Shakespeare's age was literate at his time. Before him there was almost no literacy, also plays and acting was just accepted. They both centered on the idea of humanism, to accept differences and weaknesses. ALthough more humane, England still had a feud about religion.
7: How does the Renaissance influence literature and history? | The Renaissance brought up the idea of humanism. Humanism is to accept our differences and weaknesses and human potential. This idea was used for many years, created during the Renaissance when people wanted to celebrate life. It was a key concept of Elizabethan England. With the idea of humanism even pictures of royalty and other famous figures were not modified to have perfect features, rather they were of the actual person. Also the love of fine arts began, painting and literature became more important then ever before. Also the preservation of Roman and Greek culture was shown throughout history again.
8: William Shakespeare's Life | He was born in Stratford Upon Avon on April 26 1564 to John Shakespeare, a glover and Mary Arden. He had two sisters and was the youngest child. He attended school for seven years before dropping out for financial issues He learned grammar, poetry, plays and Latin in school. | http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Shakespeare's_grammar_school.JPG
9: William Shakespeare's Life | William had three children with his wife Anne Hathaway, their marriage was controversial because she was much older then him. His children were Susanna was oldest, then Hamlet and Judith were twins. They were born and lived in London. Hamlet, William's only son died of disease when young. He died at fifty years old on April 23 1616. Anne died August 6 1623. | http://www.pbs.org/shakespeare/players/player23.html
10: William's Career | His acting company was The Chaimberlain's Men, for respect to the king the name was then moved to The Kings Men. Some of his plays have famous quotes like "To be, or not to be" from "Hamlet, or "O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?" Finally 'A man can die but once", "King Henry IV". Romero and Juliet was based off of by Author Brooke. | The Tragical History of Romeous and Juilet | http://www.flickr.com/photos/myf/4847451520/
11: William's Career | He was a poet, play writer and actor. He moved to London in 1592 to start producing plays. Overall he wrote thirty-seven plays and many poems also. He wrote historic plays like "Richard II" and "Richard III." Comedy like "Alls Well that Ends Well" and "Cymbeline". He also wrote tragedies. For example "Romeo and Juliet" and "Othello". | http://karenswhimsy.com/romeo-and-juliet.shtm
12: More about his Career | Queen Elizabeth was a Protestant Queen of England from 1558 to 1603. She was fond of the arts which helped the careers of actors and play writers like Shakespeare. By the end of his life time Queen Elizabeth had even come to watch one of his plays. He owned his own theater with Richard Burbage, Cuthbert Burbage, John Hemming, Augustine PHillips and Thomas Pope. The Globe Theater (the theater) was located just outside of London. | http://www.treehugger.com/sustainable-product-design/new-thatched-roof-for-the-globe-theatre.html
13: More about his Career | It wasn't in London because it was cheaper and had could hold more people. It was a large three story high building with a five foot stage. The third floor had advertisements and the first floor had upgraded comfort seating. The Globe Theater was opened in 1599. It closed for two years at one point because plays became unaccepted by the court again. In 1613 a devastating fire burnt the theater down. Now it is accepted but, women were not always permitted to be in plays at the time. | http://www.floridatheateronstage.com/reviews/performances/12-angry-men-lives-again-in-maltz-theatres-top-drawer-revival/
14: The form of language was very different at the time, it is now considered early modern English. No he changed the dialect to fit his needs. Some significant changes were making abbreviations and changing spellings | Language of the Time | http://www.designmart.com/site/sware
15: Language of the Time | art=are ope=hope l'=I'll a'=at 'tis=it is o'er=over gi'=give ne'er=not ever e'er=ever oft=often | e'ev=every coz=cousin hark you=listen knave=servant stay=to wait thrice=three times | http://www.asbooks.co.uk/t%20wordcrft.htm
16: Bibliography | Queen Elizabeth. "Ninth AnnualShakespeares Birthday Celebration." Gamut Theatre Shakespeares Birthday Celebration. Harrisburg Shakespeare Company. Web. 26 Apr. 2012.
17: Bibliography | "England, the 16th Century." English, the 16th Century. PBS, 2003. Web. 18 Apr. 2012.