BC: Resources 1. Comparsng Slavery in West Africa and America, http://teachergenius.teachtci.com/comparing-slavery-in-west-africa-and-america/ 2. World Cultures, A Global Mosaic, "The Slave trade", pgs.95-96 3.The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, http://africanhistory.about.com/od/slavery/tp/TransAtlantic001.htm 4. "Who Are We Looking for?" http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/eng109/equiano.htm 5. The Middle Passage, http://www.recoveredhistories.org/storiesmiddle.php Pictures Slave Auction, http://8-1coppersun2.wikispaces.com/Systems+of+the+Slave+Trade
FC: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
1: PORTFOLIO | "It is one of history’s most horrific chapters, showing the human capacity for both cruelty and insensitivity and strength and survival" http://www.recoveredhistories.org/storiesmiddle.php
2: "Who are we looking for, who are we looking for? It's Equiano we're looking for. Has he gone to the stream? Let him come back. Has he gone to the farm? Let him return. It's Equiano we're looking for." - Kwa chant about the disappearance of an African boy, Equiano
5: African Slavery Slavery in Africa existed long before Europeans arrived. There were several ways a person became slaves. A person or whole family might become slaves to pay a debt the father owed. Some people might do it to get food in times of famine. Some people might be criminals and slavery was punishment. But most people who became slaves were prisoners of war. No one wanted to be a slave. But the slave's life was not much different from the owner's live. The slave was part of the village, and even ate and slept with the family that owned them. Slavery in America would be different. (1)
7: African Slavery As Europeans began to settle in America, they wanted a large, cheap labor force to make their products. They began to look to Africa. The demand for slaves encouraged some West Africans to attack their neighbors and trade them to the Europeans for guns and other products. Some parts of Africa were not affected. But in other areas villages were devastated by the slave trade. This picture shows African slave traders walking the people they have captured to the Europeans.
9: African slave trader selling prisoners to Europeans.
10: African Slavery After slaves were sold to the Europeans they were packed on ships and taken to foreign lands, like America. The slaves were chained at the hands and feet, and were packed so tight they could barely lie on one side. It was here that they ate, slept, urinated, defecated, gave birth, went insane and many died. They had no idea where they were being taken or what would happen to them. The journey lasted from about 6-8 weeks.
12: African Slavery "The Middle Passage did not begin with the transatlantic voyage, but with the capture and sale of Africans, and ended with their forced ‘adjustment’ to life in the Americas. It is one of history’s most horrific chapters, showing the human capacity for both cruelty and insensitivity and strength and survival. It is difficult to calculate the numbers of Africans that were transported; estimates have ranged from five million to 30 million. Further millions died during capture and on the journey across the Atlantic. History has seen few social disruptions on such a scale." Quote from "The Middle Passage". http://www.recoveredhistories.org/storiesmiddle.php