S: The Gold Rush Emma Wittenoom
BC: The Gold Rush Gold, gold, gold, gold theres so much !! What would be dangerous about the gold rush, what would they wear, what would they eat? Find out in this Mixbook created by Emma Wittenoom.
FC: The Gold Rush
2: The Gold Rush By Emma Wittenoom
3: Contents Gold Travelling to the gold fields Sickness and health Mutton, damper and tea Back-breaking work People on the diggings Clothing Death on the Goldfields Entertainment Law and Order Schooling Facts About the Author Reference
5: Gold Gold is a precious yellow metallic element, known at great value of wealth. The gold rush sent people over to Australia all wanting one thing - gold! Almost every person in amongst the gold fields, had the "gold fever" - an obsession towards gold.
6: Travelling to the gold fields When the gold rush began, people found it very difficult to travel around the country. There were few roads, and the first railway in Australia was not built until 1854. Shipping, was the easiest way to travel between the cities, but diggers were only seeking gold inland. So people had to find ways to travel into the bush. Sickness and Health The gold fields were not healthy places to live and work in. Diseases, poor food and dirty water made diggers sick. Mining was dangerous work, and accidents were also very common. Water was hard to find (clean) because they churned the creeks into muddy water. Lots of people died from a disease of the lungs called pneumonia. Accidents from falling into holes and having mine shafts falling on top, crushing them to death. Also sharp tools were dangerous, etc.
7: Mutton, Damper and tea Food was very expensive on the diggings. Flour, tea and sugar had to be carted from town by bullocks. There was no refrigeration, so fresh food was impossible to keep. Mutton, damper and tea, would fill the diggers up, and would last quite long. The miners usually collected water from water holes or creeks. Some diggers with quite a bit of money could buy (at the fields) cheese, pickles, ham, sardines and salmon.
8: Back-Breaking Work Many diggers had no idea how hard gold mining would be. Newspaper reported fantastic stories of gold nuggets lying on the gold fields, ready to be picked up. But the truth was very different. The gold was underground, and getting it was back-breaking work. Many tools were used through-out the process of finding gold, and most of this was very back-breaking work.
9: People on the Diggings The discovery of gold brought a great rush of people to Australia. Most immigrant diggers came from Ireland, Scotland and England, but others came from North and South America, Europe and China. | Clothing In the 1800's, clothes could show the wealth or importance of the wearer. But on the gold fields, clothes had to be comfortable and hard-wearing. So most diggers were usually dressed alike.
10: Death on the Gold fields Death was everywhere on the goldfields. Disease killed many people, and accidents were common in the mines. However when a person died, other miners usually tried to give the dead a decent burial.
11: Entertainment Diggers worked very hard, so when the night came, they were very happy, some spent the time chatting with others around the camp fire, whilst others played a game of poker!
12: Law and Order Tents sprang up in the bush, far away from police, troopers or law courts. These were some of the rules... The following rules must be obeyed on these diggings. Licenses to be carried at all times, giving you the allowance to claim the gold you found. Only one claim per person. Groups of miners to work on only one claim at a time. Claims to be worked every day except Sunday. No workings on Sundays.
13: School In the 1850's, only one out of every four children could read and write. Schools were not free, and poor families could not afford the fees. However, many diggers wanted a better life for their children and were willing to pay.
14: Facts Gold won't tarnish, rust, or corrode, and though it's very strong, it is also the most malleable of all metals. Purity Pure gold is too soft to withstand the stresses of every-day wear, so it is alloyed with a mixture of metals like silver, copper, nickel, and zinc to give it strength. Karatage indicates purity, or how much of the metal in a piece of jewelry is gold. Colour The colour of gold is determined by two factors: The type of metal alloys included in it The percentage of each metal alloy
18: Self Reflection/About the Author Hi, my name is Emma Wittenoom. I am 11 years old and I love to run, swim and sing. I really enjoyed writing this Mixbook, I learnt a lot about the gold rush whilst writing it. I found ALL of the facts very interesting and I am proud of my work.. I hope you enjoyed reading my book as much as i enjoyed writing it!
19: References Yahoo... Images Life on the Goldfeilds, Melanie Guile Gold Anthology, Anon Google... http://www.upfromaustralia.com/sovhilgolrus.html MIXBOOK!!