FC: The History of Adoption By: Kaitlyn Reisinger
1: Although adoption has taken place since the B.C. era the first modern day law didn't take place until 1858. The law recognized adoption as a social and legal operation based on child welfare rather than adult interests.
2: 1857: Charles Loring Brace made the orphan trains. The trains held over 250,000 orphans. It traveled then from New York to various towns across the country including Mexico. Families interested would look the children over in the train station and take the children with little to no investigation or oversight.
4: 1868: Massachusetts Board of State Charities began paying for children to live in private family homes: in 1869, an agent was appointed to visit children in their homes. This was the beginning of placing-out, a movement to care for children in families rather than institutions
5: 1872: New York State Charities Aid Association was organized. It was one of the first adoption agencies.
6: 1891: Michigan was the first state to require that “the [the judge] shall be satisfied as to the good moral character, and the ability to support and educate such child, and of the suitableness of the home, or the person or persons adopting such child.”
7: 1912: Congress set up a law stating that it was mandatory to investigate and report on all matters dealing with the welfare of children
8: Baby just admitted. | Four months after being removed from a farm.
9: 1912-1930 Baby farming began. It referred to placing-out infants for money as well as to their sale for profit.
10: 1949: New York became the first state to pass a law against black market adoption.
11: 1961: The Immigration and Nationality Act incorporated provisions for the international adoption of foreign-born children by U.S. citizens.
12: 1965: The Los Angeles County Bureau of Adoptions launched the first organized program of single parent adoptions in order to locate homes for hard-to-place children with special needs.
13: 1966: To speed assimilation the Indian Adoption Project was founded. This project placed Native American children with white families.
14: 1978: The Indian Child Welfare Act was established to save Native American culture. The Act reversed the Indian Adoption Project.
15: 1993: Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption | Made it so that a child could be adopted by intercountry adoption without backing up the flow of adoption or breaking the child's rights.
16: 2000: The Child Citizenship Act of 2000 allowed foreign-born adoptees to become automatic American citizens when they entered the United States, eliminating the legal burden of naturalization
18: Page 6: www.econ.ucsb.edu/.../BundleContracts.html Page 7: sbritt.com/start/ treatmentonline.com www.boxoftricks.net/?p=338 Page 8: http://www.uoregon.edu/~adoption/index.html Page :10: flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3331437207/ | Page 11: www.worldwideadoption.org/ www.yell.com/.../cl/Adoption-and-Fostering Page 12: ecochildsplay.com/files/2008/12/downschild2.jpg www.ohiohealth.com/.../fl7_cleft_lip.jpg Page 13: www.thefasthorses.com/Artist_In_Residency.html | Pictures work cited. Page 1: www.bellevuelibrary.org/images/baby.jpg Page 3: students.ed.uiuc.edu wotan.liu.edu Page 4: www.culver.lib.in.us/stahl-family-collection.html Page 5: www.journeysoftheheart.net/domestic.html
19: Page 13: www.thefasthorses.com/Artist_In_Residency.html Page 14: www.childsafety.qld.gov.au/.../photo-579606.png Page 15: www.childsafety.qld.gov.au/.../photo-579606.png Page 16: afth.wordpress.com | cwla.org dailymail.co.uk infertilityfriends.org juliepaschkis.com matthew-2819.org vs.gov.bc.ca vs.gov.bc.ca www3.georgetown.edu | Works cited. http://www.uoregon.edu/~adoption/timeline.html http://www.uoregon.edu/~adoption/index.html