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The Slave Trade

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BC: BY Ruth Rowland rr120503 MWF World Cultures 10-11 am

FC: The Slave Trade | Were All Men Really Equal?

1: What was the Slave Trade? The Slave Trade, also known as the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade took place in the 16th through 19th centuries across the Atlantic. It was known as the selling of human being "colored" men, women and children to work as slaves. Slaves were sold to the white men and were expected to labor hard with barely anything in return. All they would receive is scarce food and a place to sleep. They were treated as "property" and not as human beings of this "All men are equal" world. Which obviously wasn't true at the time. The Slaves were tools, workers, treated as if they were machines, they didn't have lives and were never intended on having a life. It was when white men believed they were superior to the Negro Race. Which is completely wrong.

2: The Transportation: Most Africans were taken from the central and western part of the African continent. The majority of Africans were just wiped out and abstained from their freedoms and their | rights. From point A to point B it was completely torturous, the Africans were treated like animals and were packed away tightly. Usually there was 600 aboard ship, once they arrived it was down to around 200. The spaces in which they were packed were so small they could barely move.

3: Here's an idea of what it was like “they sail cautiously yet boldly in, anchor, and in two or three hours are filled with negroes, who are carried off to them in canoes. The refractory ones are clapped in irons, or made drunk with rum; and in this stupefied condition they are carried aboard, stowed in a sitting posture, with the knees drawn up so closely that they can scarcely breathe, much less move. Now their sufferings become dreadful – horrible; indeed, human language is incapable of describing, or imagination of sketching even the faint outline of a dimly floating fancy of what their condition is – homesick, seasick, half starved, naked, crying for air, for water, the strong killing the weak or dying in order to make room, the hold becomes a perfect charnel house of death and misery – a misery and anguish only conceivable by those who have endured it.” It was said there was tubes on board the ship for bathroom use, but since they were never emptied out the slaves dumped their waste..

4: ..products anywhere they could, many in their little box where the had to stay most of the time. In the tubes where they were supposed to be going to the bathroom, but it was so full, many children would fall in and drown. Many slaves wanted to commit suicide, and jump off the ship but their was netting so they couldn't. Many such as Equiano (a slave who was freed) tried to starve themselves to death, but were beaten and forced to eat. The trip took a period of 6 to 8 weeks, and most likely was the worst part of the slave trade. There were very few survivors as mentioned earlier, and those who did survive, wished that they wouldn't of.

5: When they Arrived Once the slaves and the slave traders ship arrived to their destination the slaves or the "ones that survived" would be taken and taken to market. There is where they'd be observed and bought. People would try and look for the best ones, the ones that were healthy, if possible and strong. Once the slaves were chosen they'd taken to their new master's house and possibly cleaned up then put to work. Some master's were kinder tan others and treated their slaves with some what kindness and others would beat their slaves for no reason at all. Slaves jobs mainly consisted of working in fields, taking care of the house, waiting on people (including the ill) and some were put to work in factories, but they never got paid. One job that many slaves had to do was create sugar, and the process was horrible, many slaves would die, or even

6: while they were sleeping they might of accidentally rolled into the fire and burned alive. All these things took place and the slaves were just tossed around and unable to do | anything about the way they were treated. Children weren't aloud to attend school or anything. Now if you were a smart slave like Equiano he actually did his best to make money and he soon made enough to actually free himself. He then later on wrote a book on his experience with the slave trade and horrible it was. He was also involved in the movement of ending the slave trade which was led by William Wilberforce.

7: Slavery in the United States lasted from 1770-1860 almost an entire century! If it weren't for the people who were actually against it, it | might of still been going on today. Thanks to William Wilberforce and Equiano's book, it isn't. People against slavery were known as | Quakers and Abolitionists. Slavery did last into the 1900s in other countries, and still exist today. But the Slave Trade which was the worst is over.

8: My Resources Included http://www.melfisher.org/exhibitions/lastslaveships/slaveships.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slave_ship http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-Atlantic_Slave_Trade http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery_in_the_United_States

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