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The Stone Ages

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FC: The Stone Ages

1: Stone Age people during the Ice Age were nomadic. They travelled on foot, possibly over vast areas, to gather and hunt for food, moving between different camps at different times of the year. Animals including fish and birds were the main source of food. Bones from archaeological sites show that nothing of the animal was wasted. After the meat was cut off the bones, they were smashed to eat the marrow. Eating fat is a good way of storing energy in a cold climate. Parts of the animal high in fat, would have been essential in your diet. These parts may even have been regarded as special treats.

2: The Stone Age is usually divided into three separate periods--Paleolithic Period, Mesolithic Period, and Neolithic Period--based on the degree of sophistication in the fashioning and use of tools.

4: The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. It covers the greatest portion of humanity's time (roughly 99% of human history) on Earth, extending from 2.5 or 2.6 million years ago!

7: The period between the end of the last ice age, 10,000 years ago to around 6,000 years ago, was characterised by rising sea levels and a need to adapt to a changing environment and find new food sources. The development of microlith tools began in response to these changes. They were derived from the previous Palaeolithic tools, hence the term Epipalaeolithic. However, in Europe the term Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) is used, as the tools (and way of life) were imported from the Near East.

8: The Neolithic, New Stone Age, was characterized by the adoption of agriculture, the so-called Neolithic Revolution, the development of pottery and more complex, larger settlements such as atal Hyk and Jericho. The first Neolithic cultures started around 7000 BC in the fertile crescent. Agriculture and the culture it led to spread to the Mediterranean, the Indus valley, China and Southeast Asia.

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  • Title: The Stone Ages
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