S: General George S. Patton
BC: Bibliography ---"Spartacus Educational." Spartacus Educational. Web. 21 May 2012.
FC: General George S. Patton | Evan Baysinger
1: One of the most complicated military men of all time, General George Smith Patton, Jr. was born November 11, 1885 in San Gabriel, California. He was known for carrying pistols with ivory handles and his intemperate manner. he is one of the most successful United States field commanders of any war. He continually strove to train his troops to the highest standard of excellence. | George S. Patton Jr.
3: Before the Army Patton decided during childhood that his goal in life was to become a hero. His ancestors had fought in the Revolutionary War, the Mexican War and the Civil War, and he grew up listening to stories of their brave and successful endeavors. He attended the Virginia Military Institute for one year and went on to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point on June 11, 1909.
4: Patton married Beatrice Ayer, whom he dated while at West Point, on May 26, 1910. In 1912 he represented the United States at the Stockholm Olympics in the first Modern Pentathlon. He placed fifth overall, despite a disappointing development in the shooting portion. After the Olympics, Patton kept busy taking lessons at the French Cavalry School and studying French sword drills. In the summer of 1913, Patton received orders to report to the commandant of the Mounted Service School in Fort Riley, Kansas, where he became the school's first Master of the Sword. He designed and taught a course in swordsmanship while he was a student at the school.
6: Military Career In November 1917, Patton was one of the first men detailed to the newly established Tank Corps of the United States Army and was assigned the task of organizing and training the 1st Tank Brigade near Langres, France. He led this unit in the St. Mihiel drive in mid-September 1918 and was wounded later in the month at the opening of the Meuse-Argonne offensive. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal and promoted temporarily to the rank of Colonel.
7: Between the two world wars Patton graduated from the Command and General Staff School in 1924 and from the Army War College in 1932. His assignments during this period included two tours in Hawaii, a tour in the office of the Chief of Cavalry, War Department, and three tours with the 3d Cavalry at Fort Myer, Va.
8: When the German Blitzkrieg struck Poland in 1939, Patton was determined to convince Congress that America needed armored and mobile tanks. He succeeded, and the Armored Force was created in 1940. Patton was transferred to the Second Armored Division at Fort Benning, Georgia, and named commanding general on April 11, 1941. Two months later, Patton appeared on the cover of Life magazine. Also during that time, Patton began to deliver his famous "Blood and Guts" speeches in a specially built amphitheater.
9: A year after the Pearl Harbor attack, Patton commanded the Western Task Force for Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa. During the invasion of Sicily in July 1943, Patton commanded the Seventh Army in conjunction with the British Eighth Army in the Italian Campaign, which restored Sicily and Italy to its citizens.
10: Under General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Patton was given command of the Third Army in France from which Patton and his troops dashed across Europe after the Battle of Normandy and exploited German weaknesses with great surprise and success. The Third Army also performed brilliantly in the Battle of the Bulge, rescuing besieged Bastogne. They covered 600 miles, chasing the Germans across France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia. Patton slowed down when the Third Army liberated the Buchenwald concentration camp. He established a policy, later emulated by other commanders, of compelling local German civilians to walk through the camps to witness what had happened in them. The Third Army had liberated or conquered 81,522 square miles of territory by the time World War II was over.
11: Patton assumed command of the 15th Army in American-occupied Germany in October 1945. On December 9, he was injured in an automobile accident and died 12 days later. Patton's remains are buried among the soldiers who died in the Battle of the Bulge, in Hamm, Luxembourg. Patton is now considered to be one of the greatest military figures in history. The 1970 film, "Patton," starring George C. Scott, provoked new interest in him. The movie won seven Academy Awards, including Best Actor and Best Picture, and immortalized General George Smith Patton Jr. as one of the world's most intriguing military men.
12: Patton's Decorations, Citations, and Medals United States: American Defense Service Ribbon ,Bronze Star, Distinguished Service Cross with One Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster, Distinguished Service Medal with Two Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters,Distinguished Service Medal (U.S. Navy),European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Ribbon with One Silver Star and Two Bronze Stars Legion of Merit Mexican Service Badge Purple Heart Silver Life Saving Medal Silver Star with One Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster Victory medal (WWII) Victory Medal with Four Bronze Stars (WWI) *Sons of the Revolution Medal Great Britain: Most Honorable Order of the Bath Order of the British Empire *Enteur Pin of Malta
13: France: Croix de Guerre of 1939 with Palm Croix de Guerre with Bronze Star Medal of the Legion of Honor Medal of Verdun (WWI) Metz Medal of Liberation (1944) *Commemorative Medal, City of Nancy *Commemorative Medallion, City of Metz (1944) *Commemorative Medallion Cities of Fontainebleau and Barbizon *Gourmier Pin of Morocco (French) *Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor *Liberation of Tours "Patton" Medallion *Liberation Medallion, City of d'Epernay *Liberation Medallion, City of Metz (1918) *Medallion of the City of Rheims
14: Belgium: Croix de Guerre of 1940 with Palm Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold with Palm *Civilian Shield Czechoslovakia: Military Cross Order of the White Dragon Luxembourg: Croix de Guerre Order of Adolphe of Nassau, Grand Croix Vatican: Pope Pius XII Medallion
15: French Morocco: Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold with Palm Russia: *Guards Badge Order of Koutouzov, 1st Grade Sweden: Commemorative Medal of the V Olympiad (1912) *Armiens, Under Officers Skola *Kunge Sodermanlands Pansarregemente (Commemorative Token) *Kungl. Krigs Skolan (Commemorative Medal) Kungl. Upplands Regemente (Commemorative Token)