BC: by Maria Krywucki
FC: Hirohito This is me riding one of my horses and reviewing my troops and men. I was emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989, I was the longest reigning monarch in Japan's history.
1: This map is of Japan during World War Two. Labeled are two of the important bombings that took place in Japan, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Both times we were bombed by Americans because our armies bombed Pearl Harbor. | This photograph is me when I was emperor.
2: This news article describes how the war was becoming more intense and what was going on in the war at that time.
3: This photograph shows the aftermath of the Nagasaki bombing. There were two bombings in Japan during World War II, one being Nagasaki and the other was Hiroshima. Neither of these places had ever been bombed before. In August of 1945, President Truman allowed the use of atomic bombs in Japan. In Nagasaki, 75,000 people were killed. Soon after, on August 14th we surrendered the war.
4: Hirohito | 1901-1989 | Emperor of Japan
5: My name is Hirohito. I was born on April 29, 1901 in Tokyo. My father was Crown Prince Yoshihito my grandfather was Mutsuhito, the Meiji emperor. Ever since I was young, I was trained to act with dignity,reserve and sense of responsibility, because my future role as emperor would depend on it. In 1908 I started attending Gakushuin, a peers school. When my mentor, Nogi died, I was educated by Adm. Heihachiro Togo, and I began to develop an interest in marine biology while he was tudoring me. On February 4, 1918 I became engaged to Princess Nagako, the daughter of Prince Kuniyoshi. People didn't want us to get married because Nagako descended from people who had strains of colorblindness, and it would taint the imperial line. We ended up getting married on January 26, 1924. We had five daughters and two sons. On December 25, 1926 I took the throne and my reign name was Showa, which means Enlightened Peace. During my reign, Japan drifted into wars. In July of 1937 we broke out in hostilities with China. We were not in favor the alliance with Nazi Germany or Fascist Italy but I didn't make any effort to oppose it. I also did not trust the judgments of some military leaders. In the summer of 1945 defeat of Japan was inevitable but we decided to surrender after two atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. We officially surrendered in September of 1945.
6: In this picture I am riding my white horse. I frequently rode this horse during military and important events. This horse was bred in San Joaquin, California and was sold to the Japanese government in 1938, when it was only three years old. It was one of my favorites and I rode him proudly through the streets of Japan. | This picture is when Japan officially surrendered. When we officially surrendered, I had to confront General MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan. Japan had to release all of our allied prisoners and adhere to all provisions of the Potsdam Conference. In 1947, General MacArthur wanted to make a new Japanese constitution, which lead to a democratic government. I just became a symbol of Japan and all the power was with the citizens. Also, Japan made an amazing recovery in industry and society during this time.
7: August 14, 1945 Dear General MacArthur, I am writing to you to tell you that Japan is officially surrendering the war. After the bombings at Hiroshima and Nagasaki we feel that surrendering is the best thing for Japan to do since a lot of our soldiers have been killed in the bombings. We can meet in a courthouse to sign papers and make Japan's surrendering official. Sincerely, Hirohito
8: This news article is about how Japan had a friendship with Germany during World War Two.
9: Emperor Hirohito. N.d. China Digital Times. Web. 6 Jan. 2011.