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1974 - Page Text Content

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BC: 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on A Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. It was also the 1974th year of the Common Era, the 974th year of the 2nd millennium, the 74th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1970s.

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1: CONTENTS | 1974 in World Calendars Magazine and Annual Covers in 1974 1974: A Month-by-Month News Review 1974 Births 1974 Deaths World Population Average Cost of Living in 1974 1974 Nobel Prize Winners Toys and Games in 1974 Film Awards Films Released in 1974 Sporting Achievements of 1974 1974 FIFA World Cup X British Commonwealth Games Top Television Programmes of 1974 Doctor Who in 1974 1974 UK Singles Chart - Number Ones 1974 UK Album Chart - Number Ones 1974 in Music Eurovision Song Contest 1974 | 1 | Page 2 Page 4 Page 10 Page 34 Page 46 Page 49 Page 50 Page 52 Page 55 Page 56 Page 58 Page 64 Page 76 Page 82 Page 85 Page 86 Page 96 Page 97 Page 98 Page 102

2: Gregorian Calendar: 1974 (MCMLXXIV) | Ab urbe condita: 2727 | Armenian calendar: 1423 Bahá'í calendar: 130–131 Bengali calendar: 1381 Berber calendar: 2924 British Regnal calendar: 22 Eliz. 2 – 23 Eliz. 2 Buddhist calendar: 2518 Burmese calendar: 1336 Byzantine calendar: 7482–7483 Chinese calendar: 4610/4670-12-9 to 4611/4671-11-18 Coptic calendar1690–1691 | 1974 in World Calendars | 2

3: Ethiopian calendar: 1966–1967 Hebrew calendar: 5734–5735 Hindu calendars - Vikram Samvat: 2030–2031 - Shaka Samvat: 1896–1897 - Kali Yuga: 5075–5076 Holocene calendar: 11974 Iranian calendar: 1352–1353 Islamic calendar: 1393–1394 Japanese calendar: Shwa 49 Julian calendar: Gregorian minus 13 days Korean calendar: 4307 Minguo calendar: ROC 63 Thai solar calendar: 2517 Unix time: 126230400–157766399 | 3

4: Magazine and Annual | Radio Times 5-11 January 1974 | TV Times 5-11 January 1974 | Melody Maker 5 January 1974 | Film Review January 1974 | 4

5: Rolling Stone 3 January 1974 | covers in 1974 | Rolling Stone 10 January 1974 | Basil Brush Annual 1974 | Look-In Annual 1974 | 5

6: Magazine and Annual | The Sun Soccer Annual 1974 | Doctor Who Annual 1974 | The Pink Panther Annual 1974 | The Goodies Annual 1974 | 6

7: The Beano Book 1974 | covers in 1974 | Blue Peter Eleventh Book | Tom and Jerry Annual 1974 | The Wombles Annual 1974 | 7

8: Larry The Lamb Annual 1974 | Magpie Annual 1974 | The Dandy Book 1974 | Magazine and Annual | Star Trek Annual 1974 | 8

9: Disneyland Annual 1974 | Andy Pandy's Annual 1974 | Score Annual 1974 | Top of the Pops Annual 1974 | covers in 1974 | 9

10: JANUARY 1974 | 1st January – New Year's Day is celebrated as a public holiday in the U.K. for the first time. 1st January - The Three-Day Week is introduced by the Conservative Government in the U.K. as a measure to conserve electricity during the period of industrial action by coal miners. 3rd January - Bob Dylan and The Band kick off their 40-date concert tour at Chicago Stadium. It's Dylan's first time on the road since 1966. 4th January - Citing executive privilege, U.S. President Richard Nixon refuses to surrender 500 tapes and documents which have been subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee. 4th January - Mangosuthu Buthelezi (Leader of the KwaZulu territorial Authority) meets with Harry Schwarz (Leader of the Opposition) to sign the Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith, a five-point plan for racial peace in South Africa. 5th January - "Tiswas" starts as a local programme in the Midlands (ATV) but the television show won't be fully automatically networked through ITV until 1979. 6th January - In response to the energy crisis, Daylight Saving Time commences nearly 4 months early in the United States. 7th January - Travel show, "Wish You Were Here...?", hosted by Judith Chalmers, begins on ITV. 9th January - Horwich,near Bolton, is granted a Town Charter by the Earl Marshal, giving it the status of a town, a town council and the ability to elect a mayor. 9th January - The Chancellor of the Exchequer, Anthony Barber rejects TUC proposals for solving the miners' dispute and ending the three-day week. 9th January - Cambodian Government troops open a drive to avert an insurgent attack on Phnom Penh. 9th January - Third Division side Hereford United beat West Ham United of the First Division 2-1 in a replay of the F.A. Cup Third Round tie at Edgar Street. | 10

11: The Chancellor of the Exchequer, Anthony Barber | "The Six Million Dollar Man" | 11 | 15th January - "Happy Days" begins an 11- year run on NBC TV in the U.S. 16th January - "Jaws" by Peter Benchley is published. 18th January - "The Six Million Dollar Man" starring Lee Majors premieres on ABC TV in the U.S. 24th January - The 10th British Commonwealth Games open in Christchurch, New Zealand. 26th January - Bülent Ecevit of CHP forms the new, 37th government of Turkey. 27th January - Three weeks of continual, heavy rain results in the 1974 Brisbane flood in Australia. The floods peaked at 6.6 metres (22 ft), damaging at least 6,700 homes and killing 14 people. | Hereford United goalscorers Alan Jones and Tommy Naylor celebrate their 2-1 victory over West Ham United in the Third Round replay of the 1973/74 F.A. Cup | The 10th British Commonwealth Games commence in Christchurch, New Zealand

12: FEBRUARY 1974 | 1st February - Fire breaks out in the Joelma Building in Sao Paulo, Brazil. 177 people die and 293 are injured. 1st February - Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, is declared a Federal Territory. 2nd February - The Closing Ceremony of the 10th British Commonwealth Games takes place in Christchurch, New Zealand. 4th February - 12 people are killed in a bomb explosion on a coach on the M62 motorway in West Yorkshire. Eight of the dead were off-duty soldiers, and two were children. 12 other people were injured 7th February - The movie "Blazing Saddles" is released. 7th February - The Prime Minister, Edward Heath, calls a general election for 28th February in an attempt to end the dispute over the miners' strike. During the campaign, the Labour Party and Trades Union Congress agree a 'Social Contract' intended to produce wage restraint. 7th February - Grenada becomes independent of the United Kingdom. 8th February - After a record 84 days in orbit, the crew of Skylab 4 returns to Earth. 8th February - Ringo Starr releases a cover of the 1960 Johnny Burnette hit, "You're Sixteen" as a single. 10th February - Record producer Phil Spector is badly injured in a car accident. Details of the accident are kept secret. 12th February - BBC1 first airs the children's television series "Bagpuss", made by Peter Firmin and Oliver Postgate's Small films in stop motion animation. 14th February - Bob Latchford, the Birmingham City centre forward, becomes Britain's most expensive footballer in a move to Everton for 350,000 pounds. 15th February - Paul McCartney & Wings release "Jet" single. 15th February - David Bowie releases "Rebel Rebel" single. 17th February - A football stampede in Cairo, Egypt kills 49. | 12

13: 13 | 18th February - Yes sells out the first of two nights at Madison Square Garden in New York City without any advertising for the show. 18th February - Kiss release their eponymous debut album. 20th February - Cher files for divorce from her husband of 10 years, Sonny Bono. 23rd February - Queen release "Seven Seas of Rhye" single. 26th February - 'Mungo Man', the skeleton of an individual subsequently determined to be around 40,000 years BP, is discovered near Mungo Lake in New South Wales by Australian National University geomorphologist Dr. Jim Bowler. 27th February - Conservative MP Enoch Powell announces his resignation from the party in protest against Edward Heath's decision to take Britain into the EEC. 28th February - The general election results in the first hung parliament since 1929, with the Conservative government having 297 seats - four fewer than Labour, who have 301 - and the largest number of votes. Prime minister Ted Heath hopes to form a coalition with the Liberal Party in order to remain in power. | "Bagpuss" | Excavating 'Mungo Man' | The Prime Minister, Edward Heath

14: MARCH 1974 | 1st March - Seven former White House officials are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice. 3rd March - Turkish Airlines Flight 981 travelling from Paris to London crashes in a woods near Paris, killing all 346 aboard. 4th March - Following a hung parliament in the UK general election, Conservative prime minister Edward Heath resigns and is succeeded by Labour's Harold Wilson, who previously led the country from 1964 to 1970. 6th March - The miners' strike comes to an end due an improved pay offer by the new Labour government. 8th March - Queen release "Queen II" album. 8th March - Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France. 10th March - Ten miners die in a methane gas explosion at Golborne Colliery near Wigan, Lancashire. 10th March - A Japanese World War II soldier, Second Lieutenant Hiroo Onoda, surrenders in the Philippines. 11th March - Convicted armed robbers Kenneth Littlejohn and his brother Keith, who claimed to be British spies in the Republic of Ireland, escape from Mountjoy Prison in Dublin. 12th March - John Lennon is involved in an altercation with a photographer outside The Troubadour club in Los Angeles, California. Lennon and his friend, Harry Nilsson had been heckling comedian Tommy Smothers and were forced to leave the club. 15th March - British architect John Poulson is jailed for five years for corruption in connection with the award of building contracts. 16th March - Country music's Grand Ole Opry moves to a new location at the Opryland USA theme park in Nashville, Tennessee. 18th March - Most OPEC nations end a 5-month oil embargo against Japan, Europe and the United States. | 14

15: 15 | 20th March - Ian Ball fails in his attempt to kidnap HRH The Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace. 29th March - The government re-establish direct rule over Northern Ireland after declaring a state of emergency. 29th March - The Terracotta Army of Qin Shi Huang is discovered at Xi'an, China. 30th March - The Ramones play their first concert at the Performance Studio in New York. 30th March - Red Rum wins his second Grand National in the 128th staging of the Steeplechase at Aintree, near Liverpool. | Harold Wilson is elected Prime Minister | Japanese World War II soldier, Hiroo Onoda, surrenders in the Philippines. | The Terracotta Army is discovered | Red Rum wins the Grand National | Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes near Paris

16: APRIL 1974 | 1st April - The Local Government Act 1972 comes into effect in England and Wales, creating six new metropolitan counties and comprehensively redrawing the administrative map. Newport and Monmouthshire are legally transferred from England to Wales. 3rd April – An enormous outbreak of tornadoes strikes the central parts of the United States, killing around 319 people. Known as the "Super Outbreak", the event was the largest and deadliest outbreak of tornadoes for almost 40 years until an even larger outbreak surpassed it in 2011. 5th April - The movie, "The Golden Voyage of Sinbad" is released. 5th April - Van Halen play their first gig on the Sunset Strip in Hollywood at Gazzarri's. 6th April - Swedish pop group ABBA win the 1974 Eurovision Song Contest with "Waterloo". 6th April - 200,000 music fans attend The California Jam rock festival. Artists performing at the event include Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Black Oak Arkansas, and the Eagles. 11th April - The Kiryat Shmona massacre takes place in Israel. The attack was made by three members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine General Command on civilians in the Israeli town of Kiryat Shmona, resulting in 18 deaths. 11th April - David Bowie releases "Rock 'n' Roll Suicide" single. 14th April - "Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones", a concert movie filmed during the band's 1972 North American Tour, premieres at the Ziegfeld Theatre in New York. 16th April - Queen play their first North American concert, opening for Mott the Hoople in Denver, Colorado. 24th April - Leeds United win their second Football League First Division title. | 16

17: Abba win the Eurovision Song Contest with "Waterloo" | Stephen King's "Carrie" | 17 | 24th April - Stephen King publishes "Carrie", his first novel under his own name. 24th April - David Bowie releases the concept album, "Diamond Dogs". 25th April - The Carnation Revolution coup restores democracy in Portugal. 25th April - Pam Morrison, Jim Morrison's widow, is found dead in her Hollywood, California apartment from an apparent heroin overdose. 27th April - Manchester United are relegated from the Football League First Division where they have played continuously since 1938. Their relegation is confirmed when they lose 1-0 at home to neighbours Manchester City in the penultimate game of the league season, with the only goal of the game coming from former United striker Denis Law.

18: MAY 1974 | 1st May - Alf Ramsey, who guided the England football team to World Cup glory in 1966, is dismissed by the Football Association after 11 years in charge. 2nd May - The fascist far-right National Front gain more than 10% of the vote in several parts of London in council elections, but fail to net any councillors. 4th May - Liverpool win the FA Cup for the second time, beating Newcastle United 3-0 in the Wembley final, with Kevin Keegan scoring twice and Steve Heighway scoring the other goal. 4th May - An all-female Japanese team summits Manaslu in Nepal, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-metre peak. 4th May - The Expo '74 World's Fair opens in Spokane, Washington. 6th May - The full electric service on British Rail's West Coast Main Line through to Glasgow is inaugurated. 7th May - Led Zeppelin announce their new record label, Swan Song Records, with a lavish party at The Four Seasons Hotel in New York. 9th May - The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opens formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard Nixon. 12th May - John le Carré's classic novel, "Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy" is first published. 17th May -The Protestant terrorist group, the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), explode numerous bombs in Dublin and Monaghan in the Republic Of Ireland. The attacks kill 33 civilians and wound almost 300, which is the highest number of casualties in any single day during "The Troubles". 17th May - Los Angeles, California police raid Symbionese Liberation Army headquarters, killing 6 members, including Camilla Hall. 18th May - India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon, becoming the 6th nation to do so. 18th May - The Warsaw radio mast is completed, becoming the second tallest structure ever built. It would eventually collapse on 8th August, 1991. | 18

19: Alf Ramsey | 19 | 20th May - Elton John releases "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" single. 23rd May - The movie "Thunderbolt and Lightfoot", starring Clint Eastwood and Jeff Bridges is released. 28th May - Power-sharing in the Northern Ireland Assembly collapses following a strike by unionists. 30th May - NASA's ATS-6 satellite is launched. | Kevin Keegan holds aloft the FA Cup at Wembley | John le Carré's "Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy" | The Expo '74 World's Fair in Spokane, Washington

20: 20 | JUNE 1974 | 1st June - An explosion at a chemical plant in Flixborough, South Humberside kills 28 people. 5th June - Patti Smith records "Hey Joe", her debut single which arguably becomes the first punk rock single when released in August. 6th June - Walt Disney Productions releases, "Herbie Rides Again" - a sequel to the 1968 movie, "The Love Bug". 8th June - Jon Pertwee leaves "Doctor Who" in the final episode of "Planet of the Spiders". He is replaced by Tom Baker, an actor relatively unknown at the time. 13th June – The 1974 FIFA World Cup begins in West Germany. 14th June - David Bowie launches his "Diamond Dogs" tour at the Montreal Forum and releases the song of the same name as a single. 15th June – The Red Lion Square disorders see members of the fascist National Front clash with counter-protesters in London's West End. 21-year-old Kevin Gateley, a university student, is killed. 17th June – A bomb explodes at the Houses of Parliament in London, damaging Westminster Hall. The Irish Republican Army claim responsibility for planting the bomb. 20th June – The movie "Chinatown" is released, starring Jack Nicholson, Faye Dunaway and John Huston, and directed by Roman Polanski. 24th June – The British government admits testing a nuclear weapon in the United States, causing a rift in the Labour Party. 26th June – The Universal Product Code (or "bar code") is scanned for the first time, to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio. 28th June - Paul McCartney & Wings release "Band On The Run" single. 28th June - Elton John releases "Caribou" album. 30th June – Alberta Williams King, the mother of the late Martin Luther King, Jr., is killed during a church service in Atlanta, Georgia.

21: Jon Pertwee leaves "Doctor Who" | East Germany beat West Germany 1-0 in Hamburg on 22nd June in the opening group rounds of the 1974 World Cup | Alberta Williams King | The Flixborough chemical plant disaster | David Bowie on the opening night of his "Diamond Dogs" tour in Montreal | First ever use of a bar code, scanned at Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio | 21

22: JULY 1974 | 1st July - Australia's road signs switch from imperial to metric. 3rd July - Don Revie, the manager of Football League champions Leeds United since 1961, accepts the Football Association's 200,000 pounds-a-year deal to become the new England manager. 4th July - Barry White marries Love Unlimited lead singer Glodean James. 7th July – West Germany beats the Netherlands 2–1 to win the 1974 FIFA World Cup at the Olympiastadion in Munich. 12th July - Liverpool manager Bill Shankly announces his retirement at age 60 after 15 years in charge. He had arrived at Liverpool when they were in the Football League Second Division and transformed them into one of the world's top club sides with three top division titles, two FA Cups and a UEFA Cup triumph. 17th July – A bomb planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) explodes in the White Tower at the Tower of London, killing one person and injuring 41. Another bomb explodes outside a government building in South London. 20th July – The Turkish military invades Cyprus in response to a coup ordered by the Greek military junta and staged by the Cypriot National Guard in conjunction with EOKA-B. The Cypriot president Archbishop Makarios III is deposed and Nikos Sampson is installed in his place. 20th July - Leeds United appoint the Brighton & Hove Albion manager Brian Clough, formerly of Derby County, as their new manager. 20th July - The first Knebworth Concert is held in England, headlined by The Allman Brothers Band and also featuring The Doobie Brothers, The Mahavishnu Orchestra, The Sensational Alex Harvey Band, The Van Morrison Show and Tim Buckley. 21st July - 10,000 Greek-Cypriots protest in London against the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. 24th July - The United States Supreme Court unanimously rules that President Richard Nixon can not withhold subpoenaed White House tapes, and orders him to surrender them to the Watergate special prosecutor. | 22

23: Don Revie becomes the new manager of England's international football team | 23 | 26th July - Liverpool appoint 55-year-old first team coach Bob Paisley as their new manager. 26th July - The Rolling Stones release "It's Only Rock 'n Roll (But I Like It)" single. 27th - 30th July - The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee adopts 3 articles of impeachment, charging President Richard Nixon with obstruction of justice, failure to uphold laws, and refusal to produce material subpoenaed by the committee. 29th July - Having performed at two sold-out concerts at the London Palladium, 'Mama' Cass Elliot dies in her sleep after suffering a heart attack in a Mayfair flat in London, aged 32. | Turkey invades Cyprus

24: AUGUST 1974 | 1st August - The Elections Act in Canada is passed limiting campaign contributions. 4th August - A bomb explodes in an Italicus Express train between Italy and West Germany, killing 12 and wounding 48. Italian neo-fascist terrorists take responsibility. 7th August - French acrobat Philippe Petit walks across a high wire slung between the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York. 7th August - Actress Faye Dunaway marries Peter Wolf, lead singer of The J. Geils Band. 8th August - U.S. President Richard Nixon announces his resignation. 9th August - Vice President Gerald Rudolph Ford succeeds Richard Nixon as the 38th President of the United States of America. 14th August - Turkey invades for the second time in Cyprus, occupying 37% of the island's territory. 29th August - Thames Valley Police break up the Windsor Free Festival. Due to last for ten days, the festival was broken up on the sixth morning by a large number of police who invaded with truncheons drawn, proceeding to use what most people deemed unreasonable force to remove the mostly peaceful festival-goers. | The Italicus Express massacre | Philippe Petit walks a high wire in New York City | 24

25: Peter Wolf and Faye Dunaway marry | Richard Nixon's televised resignation address to the American nation | Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th President of the United States | The Zagreb train disaster | 20 | 30th August - An express train bound for West Germany from Belgrade derails in Zagreb, Yugoslavia (now Croatia), killing more than 150 passengers.

26: SEPTEMBER 1974 | 3rd September - Elton John releases "The Bitch Is Back" single. 4th September - The first episode in the final series of "Steptoe and Son" is transmitted on BBC1. 5th September - The first episode of BBC sitcom, "Porridge" airs, starring Ronnie Barker as Slade Prison inmate Norman Stanley Fletcher. 7th September - Cartoon "Hong Kong Phooey" premieres on ABC TV in the U.S. 8th September - U.S. President Gerald Ford pardons former President Richard Nixon for any crimes Nixon may have committed while in office. 8th September – TWA Flight 841 crashes into the Ionian Sea 18 minutes after take off from Athens, after a bomb explodes in the cargo hold, killing 88 people. 8th September - Stuntman Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to rocket across the Snake River Canyon in Idaho. 11th September - "Little House on the Prairie" starring Michael Landon, premieres on NBC TV in the U.S. 12th September - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is deposed by the Derg. 12th September – Brian Clough is dismissed after less than two months as manager of Leeds United following a disappointing start to the Football League season. 13th September – Japanese Red Army members seize the French Embassy in The Hague, Netherlands. 16th September - Passenger traffic begins through the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) 3.6 mile (5.8 km) Transbay Tube between Oakland and San Francisco beneath San Francisco Bay, making it the world's longest and deepest immersed tube tunnel. 16th Septemeber - In Newport, Rhode Island, America's Cup defender "Courageous", skippered by Ted Hood, wins over Australian challenger "Southern Cross". | 26

27: 23rd September – Ceefax (one of the first public service information systems) is launched by the BBC. 30th September – With the year's second general election 10 days away, opinion polls show Labour in the lead with Harold Wilson well placed to gain the overall majority that no party had achieved in the election held seven months earlier. 30th September - Swansea Sound, the first Independent Local Radio station in Wales, begins broadcasting to the Swansea area. | Ronnie Barker stars as Norman Stanley Fletcher in "Porridge" | "Hong Kong Phooey" | Evel Knievel attempts a 3/4-mile leap across Snake River Canyon in Twin Falls, Idaho | 27

28: 28 | OCTOBER 1974 | 1st October - The movie "The Texas Chain Saw Massacre" premieres in Austin, Texas. 1st October - The first McDonald’s outlet in the U.K. opens in the London Borough of Woolwich. 4th October - John Lennon releases "Walls and Bridges" album and "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night" single. 4th October - Rod Stewart releases "Smiler" album. 5th October - The Provisional IRA carry out the Guildford pub bombings at 'The Horse and Groom' and 'The Seven Stars'. Four soldiers and one civilian are killed, whilst a further sixty-five are wounded. 11th October - The Labour government wins the second general election of the year, forming a three-seat majority. Harold Wilson, who has led the party for a total of 11 years, has now won four of the five general elections he has contested. 12th October - NBC TV in the U.S. airs the final episode of the animated series of "Star Trek". 16th October - Rioting prisoners set fire to the Maze Prison in Belfast. 16th October - The Rolling Stones release their twelfth British studio album, "It's Only Rock 'n' Roll". The album reached No. 2 in the U.K. and No. 1 in the U.S. and is the band's last album to feature guitarist, Mick Taylor. 18th October - "Airport 1975" - the sequel to the successful 1970 film, "Airport" and starring Charlton Heston and Karen Black - is released. The film was directed by Jack Smight. 21st October - Queen release "Killer Queen" single. 21st October - Local Radio station, Radio City (later City FM, then Radio City 96.7) begins broadcasting to the Liverpool area.

29: 22nd October - The Provisional IRA bomb 'Brooks's' club in London. 25th October - Paul McCartney & Wings release "Junior's Farm" single. 28th October - The wife and son of Sports Minister Denis Howell survive a Provisional IRA bomb attack on their car. 30th October - "The Rumble in the Jungle" takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire, where Muhammad Ali knocks out George Foreman in 8 rounds to regain the Heavyweight boxing title, which had been stripped from him 7 years earlier. | The Guildford pub bombings | "The Rumble In The Jungle" Heavyweight boxing contest | 29

30: NOVEMBER 1974 | 1st November - The World Tourism Organization (WTO or WToO) is established. 1st November - Queen release their third album, "Sheer Heart Attack". 4th November - Judith Ward is sentenced to life imprisonment for the M62 coach bombing. 7th November - Lord Lucan disappears after the murder of his children's nanny, Sandra Rivett. Rivett was bludgeoned to death in the basement of the Lucan family home. Lady Lucan was also attacked and later identified Lucan as her assailant. As the police began their murder investigation, Lord Lucan telephoned his mother, asking her to collect the children, and then drove a borrowed Ford Corsair to a friend's house in Uckfield, Sussex. Hours later, he left the property and was never seen again. The Corsair was later found abandoned in Newhaven, its interior stained with blood and its boot containing a piece of bandaged lead pipe similar to one found at the crime scene. 7th November - A Provisional IRA bomb explodes at the Kings Arms pub in Woolwich. 8th November - "Elton John's Greatest Hits" compilation album is released. 10th November - The movie, "Lenny" - a biographical film about the comedian Lenny Bruce, starring Dustin Hoffman - is released in the U.S. 11th November - The New Covent Garden Market in Nine Elms opens. 15th November - One of the most successful movies of the year, "Earthquake" starring Charlton Heston, Ava Gardner and Lorne Greene, is released. 15th November - Ringo Starr releases "Only You (And You Alone)" single and "Goodnight Vienna" album. 16th November - The Arecibo radio telescope sends an interstellar radio message towards the M13 Great Globular Cluster. The message will reach its destination around the year 27,000. | 30

31: 18th November – A cover version of the Beatles' "Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds", featuring backing vocals and guitar by John Lennon under the pseudonym Dr. Winston O'Boogie, is released as a single by Elton John. 18th November - Genesis release "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway" album. 21st November - 2 pubs are bombed in Birmingham, England, killing 21 people and injuring 182. A third device, outside a bank on Hagley Road, fails to detonate. The bombings are attributed to the Provisional IRA. Six men (who would become known as 'The Birmingham Six') are found responsible and sentenced to life in prison. Their convictions would be declared unsafe and unsatisfactory and quashed by the Court of Appeal on 14th March 1991. 22nd November - The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status. 22nd November - Helen Elizabeth Morgan of the United Kingdom is crowned Miss World at The Royal Albert Hall in London. Four days later, she becomes the first victor to resign upon the discovery that she has a 18 month old son. Although this does not violate the competition rules (which stipulated only that entrants must be unmarried), she is made to resign. The first runner-up, Anneline Kriel of South Africa, succeeds her. 24th November - 'Lucy', the skeleton of a 3.2 million-year-old Australopithecus afarensis, is discovered in Hadar, Ethiopia, in the Afar Depression. 25th November - Home Secretary Roy Jenkins announces the government's intention to outlaw the IRA in the UK. 27th November - The Prevention of Terrorism Act is passed. 28th November – John Lennon makes his last concert appearance by joining Elton John on stage at a Thanksgiving concert in Madison Square Garden, New York City. They perform three songs together - "I Saw Her Standing There", "Whatever Gets You Thru The Night" and "Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds". | 31

32: 1st December - A Boeing 727 carrying TWA Flight 514 crashes 25 miles northwest of Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C., during bad weather, killing all 92 people on board. 5th December - BBC2 broadcasts the last ever episode of "Monty Python". 9th December – The Paris summit, reuniting the European communities' heads of state and government, commences. 13th December – Malta becomes a republic. 13th December - In keeping with the year-end's trend for disaster movies, "The Towering Inferno" is released and becomes the highest-grossing movie released in 1974. Based on the novels, "The Tower" by Richard Martin Stern and "The Glass Inferno" by Thomas N. Scortia and Frank M. Robinson, the film featured a host of stars including Steve McQueen, Paul Newman, Faye Dunaway, Fred Astaire, Richard Chamberlain, Robert Vaughn, O.J. Simpson and Robert Wagner. It would earn a nomination for 'Best Picture' at the 1975 Academy Awards. 15th December - New speed limits are introduced on Britain's roads in an attempt to save fuel at a time of Arab fuel embargoes following the Yom Kippur War. 15th December - Comedy movie, "Young Frankenstein" is released. 17th December – WIPO becomes a specialised agency of the United Nations. 18th December - The government pays 42,000 pounds to families of victims of Bloody Sunday riots in Northern Ireland. 19th December - Roger Moore makes his second outing as James Bond in the ninth production in the 007 film series, "The Man With The Golden Gun". The movie is loosely based on Ian Fleming's 1965 novel of the same name, with the title song performed by Lulu. 20th December - Francis Ford Coppola's "The Godfather Part II" is released. Starring Al Pacino, Robert Duvall, Diane Keaton and Robert De Niro, the movie was nominated for 11 Academy Awards the following year and was the first sequel to win in the 'Best Picture' category. | DECEMBER 1974 | 32

33: 20th December - George Harrison releases his third post-Beatles studio album, "Dark Horse". 22nd December - The London home of Conservative Party leader and former Prime Minister, Edward Heath is bombed in a suspected Provisional IRA attack. Mr. Heath had been away from home when the bomb exploded, but returned just 10 minutes afterwards. 24th December - Former government minister John Stonehouse is found living in Australia having faked his own death. He is quickly arrested by Australian police, who initially believed that he was Lord Lucan. 24th - 25th December – Darwin, Australia is almost completely destroyed by Cyclone Tracy. 26th December - BBC1 transmits the "Steptoe and Son" Christmas Special, "A Perfect Christmas" - this being the last ever episode of the popular sitcom. 28th December - Tom Baker makes his first full appearance as the Fourth Doctor in Part One of the "Doctor Who" serial, "Robot" on BBC1. 30th December – Japanese soldier Teruo Nakamura surrenders on the Indonesian island of Morota, 34 years after beginning service in World War II. | The day Malta became a Republic – Prime Minister Mr Dom Mintoff together with Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Anton Buttigieg and the President of Malta Sir Anthony Mamo saluting the crowd from the President’s Palace in Valletta. | 33

34: 1974 BIRTHS | JANUARY: 2nd - Toby Hadoke, actor, writer and stand-up comedian. 3rd - Alessandro Petacchi, Italian professional road cyclist. 6th - Rosa Elena Huerta de la Sota Gaspar de Alba, Mexican Graphic designer. 9th - Farhan Akhtar, Indian Bollywood director, actor, producer, singer. 9th - Stevie Crawford, former Scottish international footballer and club manager. 10th - Hrithik Roshan, Bollywood actor. 12th - Tor Arne Hetland, Norwegian cross-country skiier. 12th - Melanie Chisholm, English singer/songwriter (The Spice Girls). 16th - Kate Moss, English model. 17th - Danny Bhoy, Scottish stand-up comedian. 18th - Gustavo Kupinski, Argentine guitarist (d. 2011). 23rd - Tiffani Thiessen, American actress. 24th - Ed Helms, American actor. 27th - Ole Einar Bjorndalen, Norwegian biathlete. 28th - Kari Traa, Norwegian freestyle skier. 29th - Michael Andersen, Danish basketball player. 30th - Christian Bale, British actor. | 34 | Toby Hadoke | Farhan Akhtar | Melanie Chisholm | Kate Moss | Christian Bale

35: 35 | FEBRUARY: 7th - Steve Nash, Canadian basketball player. 7th - Cheryl Cosim, Filipina journalist, news anchor and TV host. 7th - Jun Seba (also known as Nujabes), Japanese hip-hop producer (d. 2010). 7th - J Dilla (also known as Jay-Dee), African-American hip-hop producer (d. 2006). 8th - Seth Green, American actor. 8th - Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo, French musician and record producer (Daft Punk). 10th - Ivri Lider, Israeli singer. 13th - Robbie Williams, English rock singer (Take That). 14th - Philippe Léonard, Belgian footballer. 15th - Tomi Putaansuu, Finnish rock singer (Lordi). 15th - Alexander Wurz, Austrian racing driver. 17th - Jerry O'Connell, American actor. 22nd - James Blunt, English singer. 24th - Chad Hugo, American rock musician and producer (N*E*R*D). 26th - Sébastien Loeb, French rally driver. 27th - Hiroyasu Shimizu, Japanese speed skater. | Seth Green | Robbie Williams | James Blunt

36: 1974 BIRTHS | MARCH: 1st - Mark-Paul Gosselaar, American actor. 4th - Karol Kuera, Slovakian tennis player. 4th - Ariel Ortega, Argentine football player. 5th - Matt Lucas, British comedian. 5th - Eva Mendes, American actress. 5th - Jens Jeremies, German footballer. 6th - Anthony Carelli, Canadian professional wrestler. 7th - Jenna Fischer, American actress. 15th - Percy Montgomery, South African rugby union player. 17th - Paolo Bediones, Filipino commercial model, television host, journalist, newscaster, and radio announcer. 20th - Carsten Ramelow, German footballer. 22nd - Marcus Camby, American basketball player. 24th - Alyson Hannigan, American actress. 25th - Lark Voorhies, American actress and singer. 28th - Daisuke Kishio, Japanese voice actor. 29th - Miguel Gómez, Colombian photographer. | Matt Lucas | Eva Mendes | Jenna Fischer | 36

37: APRIL: 2nd - Hakan Hellstrm, Swedish musician. 11th - Tricia Helfer, Canadian actress and model. 12th - Marley Shelton, American actress. 15th - Danny Pino, Cuban American actor. 15th - Tim Thomas, American ice hockey goaltender. 17th - Victoria Beckham, English singer (The Spice Girls). 17th - Mikael Akerfeldt, Swedish musician. 18th - Edgar Wright, English film director. 20th - Tina Cousins, English singer. 21st - Faust, Norwegian drummer. 22nd - Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-born rock bassist (System of a Down). 23rd - Barry Waston, American actor. 28th - Penélope Cruz, Spanish actress. | Victoria Beckham | Tina Cousins | Penélope Cruz | 37

38: 1974 BIRTHS | MAY: 7th - Breckin Meyer, American actor. 16th - Laura Pausini, Italian singer. 16th - Adam Richman, American actor and television personality. 17th - Andrea Corr, Irish singer. 23rd - Jewel, American singer. 26th - Lars Frolander, Swedish swimmer. 28th - Mikael Stanne, Swedish singer. 30th - Cee Lo Green, American singer. 30th - Big L, American rapper (d. 1999). | Breckin Meyer | Andrea Corr | Jewel | Cee Lo Green | 38

39: JUNE: 1st - Alanis Morissette, Canadian singer/songwriter. 2nd - Gata Kamsky, American chess player. 7th - Bear Grylls, British survivalist. 7th - Mahesh Bhupathi, Indian tennis player. 9th - Samoth, Norwegian musician. 13th - Takahiro Sakurai, Japanese voice actor. 13th - Steve-O, American actor. 22nd - Donald Faison, American actor. 25th - Karisma Kapoor, Indian actress. 26th - Jason Craig, American artist. 26th - Derek Jeter, American baseball player. | Alanis Morissette | Bear Grylls | Donald Faison | 39

40: 1974 BIRTHS | JULY: 1st - Jefferson Pérez, Ecuadorean race walker. 2nd - Rocky Gray, American musician. 8th - Dragoslav Jevri, Montenegrin footballer. 12th - Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer. 12th - Gregory Helms, American professional wrestler. 14th - David Mitchell, British comedian and actor. 21st - Terry Coldwell, English singer (East 17). 22nd - Franka Potente, German actress. 23rd - Rik Verbrugghe, Belgian professional road racing cyclist. 23rd - Kathryn Hahn, American actress. 23rd - Maurice Greene, American athlete. 23rd - Stephanie March, American actress. 26th - Daniel Negreanu, Canadian poker player. 29th - Josh Radnor, American actor. 30th - Hilary Swank, American actress. 31st - Emilia Fox, English actress. | David Mitchell | Terry Coldwell | Hilary Swank | Emilia Fox | 40

41: AUGUST: 8th - Brian Harvey, English singer (East 17). 9th - Derek Fisher, American basketball player. 12th - Karl Stefanovic, Australian TV host. 13th - Niklas Sundin, Swedish musician. 14th - Christopher Gorham, American actor. 15th - Natasha Henstridge, Canadian actress and model. 16th - Krisztina Egerszegi, Hungarian Olympic champion swimmer. 16th - Didier Cuche, Swiss alpine skier. 20th - Misha Collins, American actor. 20th - Maxim Vengerov, Russian violinist. 20th - Amy Adams, American actress. 22nd - Lee Sheppard, Australian cartoonist. 22nd - Jenna Leigh Green, American actress and singer. 23rd - Ray Park, Scottish actor, martial artist. 28th - Carsten Jancker, German footballer. | Brian Harvey | Amy Adams | Ray Park | 41

42: 1974 BIRTHS | SEPTEMBER: 4th - Carmit Bachar, American singer. 6th - Tim Henman, English tennis player. 6th - Nina Persson, Swedish singer (The Cardigans). 10th - Mirko Filipovi, Croatian kickboxer and mixed martial arts fighter. 10th - Ryan Phillippe, American actor. 10th - Ben Wallace, American basketball player. 12th - Jennifer Nettles, American country music artist (Sugarland). 14th - Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete. 17th - Rasheed Wallace, American basketball player. 18th - Sol Campbell, English footballer. 18th - Xzibit, American rapper. 19th - Jimmy Fallon, American actor and comedian. 19th - Victoria Silvstedt, Swedish model. 23rd - Matt Hardy, American professional wrestler. 26th - Gary Hall, Jr., American swimmer. | Tim Henman | Nina Persson | Sol Campbell | 42

43: OCTOBER: 1st - Keith Duffy, Irish singer (Boyzone), 3rd - Marianne Timmer, Dutch speed skater. 8th - Koji Murofushi, Japanese hammer thrower. 10th - Chris Pronger, Canadian ice hockey player. 10th - Dale Earnhardt, Jr., American race car driver. 11th - Jason Arnott, Canadian ice hockey player. 16th - Paul Kariya, Canadian ice hockey player. 21st - Lera Auerbach, Russian composer & pianist. 23rd - Sander Westerveld, Dutch footballing goalkeeper. 28th - Joaquin Phoenix, American actor. 31st - Natasja Saad, Afro Danish rapper & reggae singer (d. 2007). | Lera Auerbach | Keith Duffy | Sander Westerveld | Joaquin Phoenix | 43

44: 1974 BIRTHS | NOVEMBER: 2nd - Nelly, American rapper. 4th - Louise Redknapp, English singer (and former member of Eternal). 4th - Cedric Bixler-Zavala, Mexican-American singer/lyricist. 5th - Ryan Adams, American singer and songwriter. 5th - Jerry Stackhouse, American basketball player. 8th - Matthew Rhys, Welsh actor. 8th - Penelope Heyns, South African swimmer. 8th - Masashi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author. 9th - Alessandro Del Piero, Italian football player. 11th - Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor. 15th - Chad Kroeger, Canadian singer. 16th - Paul Scholes, English footballer. 18th - Petter Solberg, Norwegian rally driver. 27th - Zsófia Polgár, Hungarian-born chess player. 29th - Ferenc Merkli, Hungarian Slovene priest, writer, translator. 30th - Wallace Chung, Hong Kong actor and singer. | Nelly | Louise Redknapp | Matthew Rhys | Alessandro Del Piero | Leonardo DiCaprio | 44

45: DECEMBER: 1st - Costinha, Portuguese footballer. 4th - Tadahito Iguchi, Japanese baseball player. 7th - Nicole Appleton, Canadian singer (All Saints). 10th - Meg White, American rock drummer (The White Stripes). 11th - Gete Wami, Ethiopian long-distance runner. 11th - Rey Mysterio, American wrestler. 13th - Nicholas McCarthy, English guitarist (Franz Ferdinand). 17th - Giovanni Ribisi, American actor. 18th - Kari Byron, American artist and television personality. 24th - Marcelo Salas, Chilean footballer. 24th - Ryan Seacrest, American television personality. 27th - Fumiko Orikasa, Japanese voice actress and singer. 29th - Mekhi Phifer, American actor. | Nicole Appleton | Meg White | Mekhi Phifer | 45

46: 46 | JANUARY: 9th - Eitel-Friedrich Kentrat, Corvette captain of the Kriegsmarine (the Nazi German navy) (b. 1906) 15th - Harold D. Cooley U.S. House of Representatives (b. 1897) 27th - Georgios Grivas, Greek-Cypriot colonel (b. 1898) 31st - Samuel Goldwyn, Polish-born American film studio executive (b. 1879) 31st - Glenn Morris, American Olympic decathlete and actor (b. 1912) FEBRUARY: 2nd - Imre Lakatos, Hungarian philosopher (b. 1922) 4th - Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian mathematician and physicist (b. 1894) 15th - Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer (b. 1887) 22nd - Samuel Byck, American airplane hijacker and murderer (b. 1930) MARCH: 4th - Adolph Gottlieb, American abstract expressionist painter (b. 1903) 9th - Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915) 17th - Louis Kahn, Estonian architect (b. 1901) 22nd - Peter Revson, American race car driver (b. 1939) 29th - Joe Stecher, professional wrestler (b. 1893) APRIL: 2nd - Georges Pompidou, President of France (b. 1911) 18th - Betty Compson, American actress (b. 1897) 18th - Marcel Pagnol, French novelist (b. 1895) 19th - Ayub Khan, President of Pakistan (b. 1907) 24th - Franz Jonas, Austrian president (b. 1899) 24th - Bud Abbott, American actor (b. 1895) 30th - Agnes Moorehead, American actress (b. 1900) MAY: 24th - Duke Ellington, American jazz pianist and bandleader (b. 1899) 25th - Donald Crisp, English actor (b. 1882) 25th - Arturo Jauretche, Argentine writer, politician, and philosopher (b. 1901) | 1974 DEATHS

47: 47 | JUNE: 9th - Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890) 10th - Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1900) 18th - Georgy Zhukov, Soviet general (World War II) (b. 1896) 22nd - Darius Milhaud, French composer (b. 1892) JULY: 1st - Juan Domingo Perón, President of Argentina (b. 1895) 4th - Georgette Heyer, British writer (b. 1902) 9th - Earl Warren, Governor of California and Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1891) 11th - Par Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891) 13th - Patrick Blackett, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897) 24th - James Chadwick, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891) 29th - Erich Kstner, German author (b. 1899) 29th - Cass Elliott, American vocalist (b. 1941) AUGUST: 8th - Baldur von Schirach, Nazi German Hitler Youth leader (b. 1907) 26th - Charles Lindbergh, American aviator (b. 1902) 27th - Otto Strasser, Nazi German politician (b. 1897) | Bud Abbott | Duke Ellington | Mama Cass

48: 48 | SEPTEMBER: 3rd - Harry Partch, American composer (b. 1901) 4th - Creighton Williams Abrams, American general (b. 1914) 4th - Marcel Achard, French playwright and scriptwriter (b. 1899) 21st - Walter Brennan, American actor (b. 1894) OCTOBER: 1st - Stephen Latchford, American diplomat and aviation expert (b. 1883) 4th - Anne Sexton, American poet and writer (b. 1928) 9th - Oskar Schindler, Sudetgerman businessman (b. 1908) 13th - Ed Sullivan, American television host (b. 1901) 24th - David Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1908) NOVEMBER: 7th - Eric Linklater, British author (b. 1899) 13th - Vittorio De Sica, Italian actor and film director (b. 1901) 17th - Erskine Hamilton Childers, 4th President of Ireland (b. 1905) 21st - Frank Martin, Swiss composer (b. 1890) 23rd - Manuel dos Reis Machado, Brazilian martial arts Master (b. 1899) 23rd - Cornelius Ryan, Irish-American writer (b. 1920) 25th - Nick Drake, British musician (b. 1948) 25th - U Thant, Burmese diplomat and Secretary-General of the United Nations (b. 1909) 29th - James J. Braddock, American boxer (b. 1905) 29th - Peng Dehuai, Chinese leader (b. 1898) DECEMBER: 2nd - Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1897) 5th - Pietro Germi, Italian film director (b. 1914) 14th - Walter Lippmann, American writer and journalist (b. 1889) 15th - Anatole Litvak, Ukrainian-born film director (b. 1902) 20th - André Jolivet, French composer (b. 1905) 24th - Sentar mori, Japanese admiral (b. 1892) 26th - Jack Benny, American comedian (b. 1894) 27th - Vladimir Fock, Soviet physicist (b. 1898) 27th - Ned Maddrell, last surviving native speaker of the Manx language (b. 1877)

49: World Population | 1974 2014 Africa 418,765,000 1,072,000,000 Asia 2,379,374,000 4,216,000,000 Europe 676,207,000 740,000,000 North America 242,360,000 352,000,000 South America, Central America 323,323,000 596,000,000 & Caribbean Oceania 21,286,000 37,000,000 WORLD 4,061,317,000 7,207,459,000 | 49

50: Average Cost of | Yearly inflation rate - 17.2% Gross weekly earnings for full-time men (aged 21 and over) - 40 pounds Gross weekly earnings for full-time women (aged 18 and over) - 20 pounds House - 10,990 pounds Family car - 1600 pounds Litre of petrol - 11.4 pence Pint of beer - 15 pence Pack of 20 cigarettes - 30 pence Bread (800g white sliced loaf) - 14.2 pence Milk (pint, pasteurised) - 4.7 pence | 50

51: Coffee (per 100g) - 22.7 pence Pack of pork Sausages - 41 pence Gas cooker - 80 pounds Sewing Machine - 55 pounds Fridge - 80 pounds Annual colour television license - 12 pounds Annual black and white television licence - 7 pounds "Stereomaster" radio and record player unit with built-in speakers - 102 pounds Washing machine - 105 pounds | Living in 1974 | 51

52: PHYSICS: Sir Martin Ryle (U.K.) and Antony Hewish (U.K.) - For their pioneering research in radio astrophysics; Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars. This was the the first Nobel prize awarded in recognition of astronomical research. | Sir Martin Ryle | Antony Hewish | PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE: Albert Claude (Belgium), Christian de Duve (Belgium) and George E. Palade (U.S.A.) - For their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell. | 1974 Nobel Prize Winners | 52 | Albert Claude | Christian de Duve | George E. Palade

53: CHEMISTRY: Paul Flory (U.S.A.) - For his fundamental achievements, both theoretical and experimental, in the physical chemistry of macromolecules | Paul Flory | LITERATURE: Eyvind Johnson (Sweden) and Harry Martinson (Sweden) - Divided equally between Eyvind Johnson for "a narrative art, far-seeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom", and Harry Martinson for "writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos". | 53 | Eyvind Johnson | Harry Martinson | 1974 Nobel Prize Winners

54: 1974 Nobel Prize Winners | 54 | PEACE: Seán MacBride (Republic of Ireland) and Eisaku Sato (Japan) MacBride was an Irish government minister, a prominent international politician and a former Chief of Staff of the IRA. Rising from a domestic Irish political career, he founded or participated in many international organisations of the 20th Century, including the United Nations, the Council of Europe and Amnesty International. Sato was a Japanese politician and the 61st, 62nd and 63rd Prime Minister of Japan, elected on 9th November 1964, and re-elected on 17th February 1967 and 14th January 1970, serving until 7th July 1972. He was the first Asian to accept the Nobel Peace Prize. | ECONOMICS: Gunnar Myrdal (Sweden) and Friedrich A. von Hayek (U.K.) - For their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena. | Seán MacBride | Eisaku Sato | Gunnar Myrdal | Friedrich A. von Hayek

55: 55 | Toys and Games in 1974 | "Mastermind" (Invicta) | "It's A Knockout!" (Denys Fisher) | "Evel Knievel White Wheel Stunt and Crash Car" | "Noddy Rotadraw Set" | "Celebrity Squares TV Game" (Buckingham Toys) | "Dad's Army" (Denys Fisher) | "Raving Bonkers" | "Connect Four" (Milton Bradley) | "Lego" (named "Toy of the Year")

56: FILM AWARDS | 46th Annual Academy Awards - 1974 | Best Picture: "The Sting" Universal Pictures | Best Actor: Jack Lemmon "Save The Tiger" Best Actress: Glenda Jackson "A Touch Of Class" | Best Director: George Roy Hill "The Sting" | Best Supporting Actor: John Houseman "The Paper Chase" | Best Foreign Language Film: "Day For Night" Directed by Franois Truffaut (France) | Best Supporting Actress: Tatum O'Neill "Paper Moon" | 56 | Best Original Song: "The Way We Were" by Barbra Streisand from the movie, "The Way We Were". Music by Marvin Hamlisch and Lyrics by Alan Bergman and Marilyn Bergman.

57: 31st Golden Globe Awards - 1974 | Best Picture: "The Exorcist" Best Actor: Al Pacino - "Serpico" Best Actress: Marsha Mason - "Cinderella Liberty" | Drama: | Musical or Comedy: | Best Picture: "American Graffiti" Best Actor: George Segal - "A Touch of Class" Best Actress: Glenda Jackson - "A Touch of Class" Best Director: William Friedkin - "The Exorcist" | 27th Cannes Film Festival (Palme d'Or) - 1974 | "The Conversation", directed by Francis Ford Coppola (U.S.A.) | 57

58: Films Released in | - Airport 1975 (starring Charlton Heston and Helen Reddy) - Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (starring Kris Kristofferson, Ellen Burstyn and Jodie Foster) - Alien Thunder (starring Donald Sutherland) - All The Kind Strangers (starring Stacy Keach) - And Then There Were None (starring Richard Attenborough, Charles Aznavour, Herbert Lom and Oliver Reed) - The Beast Must Die (starring Peter Cushing) - Benji (starring Patsy Garrett) - Big Bad Mama (starring Angie Dickinson) - Billy Two Hats (starring Gregory Peck) - Black Belt Jones (starring Jim Kelly) - The Black Windmill (starring Michael Caine) - Blazing Saddles (starring Gene Wilder and Mel Brooks) - Buster and Billie (starring Jan-Michael Vincent) - Butley (starring Alan Bates and Jessica Tandy) - California Split (starring George Segal and Elliott Gould) - Carry On Dick (starring Sid James and Barbara Windsor) - Chinatown (starring Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway) - Claudine (starring Diahann Carroll and James Earl Jones) - Conrack (starring Jon Voight) - The Conversation (starring Gene Hackman, Teri Garr and Harrison Ford) - Crazy Joe (starring Peter Boyle) - The Crazy World of Julius Vrooder (starring Timothy Bottoms and Barbara Hershey) - Daisy Miller (starring Cybill Shepherd) - Dark Star (starring Dan O'Bannon) - Death Wish (starring Charles Bronson) - Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry (starring Peter Fonda and Susan George) - Down and Dirty Duck (starring Howard Kaylan and Mark Volman) - Earthquake (starring Charlton Heston, Ava Gardner and Victoria Principal) - Female Trouble (starring Divine) | 58 | 1 9 7 4

59: 59 | - For Pete's Sake (starring Barbra Streisand) - The Four Musketeers (starring Michael York, Oliver Reed and Richard Chamberlain) - Freebie and the Bean (starring James Caan and Alan Arkin) - The Front Page (starring Jack Lemmon, Walter Matthau and Susan Sarandon) - The Gambler (starring James Caan) - Ginger in the Morning (starring Sissy Spacek) - The Girl from Petrovka (starring Goldie Hawn and Anthony Hopkins) - The Godfather Part II (starring Al Pacino, Robert Duvall, Robert De Niro and Diane Keaton) - Godzilla vs. Mechagodzilla - Gold (starring Roger Moore and Susannah York) - Golden Needles (starring Joe Don Baker and Elizabeth Ashley) - The Golden Voyage of Sinbad (starring John Phillip Law and Tom Baker) - Gone in 60 Seconds (starring H. B. Halicki) - Great Expectations (starring Michael York, Sarah Miles and James Mason) - The Great Gatsby (starring Robert Redford and Mia Farrow) - Harry and Tonto (starring Art Carney and Larry Hagman) - Herbie Rides Again (starring Helen Hayes and Stefanie Powers) - The Internecine Project (starring James Coburn) - The Island at the Top of the World (starring David Hartman) - It's Alive (starring John P. Ryan and Sharon Farrell) - Juggernaut (starring Richard Harris, Omar Sharif and Anthony Hopkins) - The Klansman (starring Lee Marvin and Richard Burton) - Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones (concert film) - Lenny (starring Dustin Hoffman and Valerie Perrine) - The Life and Times of Grizzly Adams (starring Dan Haggerty) - The Mean Machine (aka The Longest Yard) (starring Burt Reynolds) - The Lords of Flatbush (starring Perry King, Sylvester Stallone and Henry Winkler) - Lost in the Stars (starring Brock Peters and Melba Moore) - Lovin' Molly (starring Blythe Danner, Anthony Perkins and Beau Bridges) - Macon County Line (starring Max Baer, Jr.) - Mahler (starring Robert Powell) - Mame (starring Lucille Ball and Beatrice Arthur) - The Man with the Golden Gun (starring Roger Moore, Christopher Lee and Britt Ekland) - The Marseille Contract (starring Michael Caine, James Mason and Anthony Quinn)

60: - McQ (starring John Wayne) - The Midnight Man (starring Burt Lancaster) - Mr. Majestyk (starring Charles Bronson) - Murder on the Orient Express (starring Albert Finney, Lauren Bacall, Sean Connery, Vanessa Redgrave, Ingrid Bergman and John Gielgud) - Newman's Law (starring George Peppard) - The Parallax View (starring Warren Beatty) - Phantom of the Paradise (starring Paul Williams and Jessica Harper) - Phase IV (starring Michael Murphy and Nigel Davenport) - Report to the Commissioner (starring Michael Moriarty and Yaphet Kotto) - Rhinoceros (starring Gene Wilder and Zero Mostel) - Son of Dracula (starring Harry Nilsson and Ringo Starr) - The Spikes Gang (starring Lee Marvin and Ron Howard) - Stardust (starring David Essex and Adam Faith) - The Sugarland Express (starring Goldie Hawn) - Symptoms (starring Angela Pleasence) - The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (starring Walter Matthau) - The Tamarind Seed (starring Julie Andrews and Omar Sharif) - The Terminal Man (starring George Segal and Joan Hackett) - The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (starring Marilyn Burns) - That's Entertainment! (documentary starring Frank Sinatra, Fred Astaire, Gene Kelly, Elizabeth Taylor, Bing Crosby and Liza Minnelli) - Thieves Like Us (starring Keith Carradine and Shelley Duvall) - Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (starring Clint Eastwood and Jeff Bridges) - The Towering Inferno (starring Steve McQueen, Paul Newman, Faye Dunaway and Fred Astaire) - Three Tough Guys (starring Lino Ventura and Isaac Hayes) - Truck Turner (starring Isaac Hayes) - Vampyres (starring Marianne Morris and Anulka) - Where the Lilies Bloom (starring Harry Dean Stanton) - Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Too! (animated short) - A Woman Under the Influence (starring Gena Rowlands and Peter Falk) - Young Frankenstein (starring Gene Wilder, Marty Feldman, Teri Garr and Peter Boyle) - Zandy's Bride (starring Gene Hackman and Liv Ullmann) - Zardoz (starring Sean Connery and Charlotte Rampling) | 60

61: Gordon Banks | The Godfather Part II The movie won 6 Oscars at the 47th Academy Awards in April 1975, including Best Picture, Best Director (Francis Ford Coppola), Best Supporting Actor (Robert De Niro), Best Adapted Screenplay (Francis Ford Coppola and Mario Puzo), Best Art Direction (Dean Tavoularis, Angelo P. Graham and George R. Nelson) and Best Original Dramatic Score (Nino Rota and Carmine Coppola). | Harry and Tonto Art Carney won Best Actor for this movie at the 47th Academy Awards in April 1975. | Murder On The Orient Express Ingrid Bergman won Best Supporting Actress for this movie at the 47th Academy Awards in April 1975. | Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore Ellen Burstyn won Best Actress for this movie at the 47th Academy Awards in April 1975. | Chinatown Robert Towne won an Oscar for Best Original Screenplay for this movie at the 47th Academy Awards in April 1975. | The Towering Inferno Joseph F. Biroc and Fred J. Koenekamp won an Oscar for Best Cinematography for this movie at the 47th Academy Awards in April 1975, whilst the award for Best Original Song went to Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn for "We May Never Love Like This Again", as featured in the movie. | 61

62: The Life and Times of Grizzly Adams | The Man With The Golden Gun | Herbie Rides Again | The Texas Chainsaw Massacre | Death Wish | Blazing Saddles | Lenny | The Taking of Pelham One Two Three | 62

63: Stardust | Airport 1975 | Thunderbolt and Lightfoot | Benji | The Four Musketeers | Earthquake | Carry On Dick | Young Frankenstein | 63

64: Sporting achievements of 1974 | TENNIS | Wimbledon Men's Singles Final - Jimmy Connors (USA) beats Ken Rosewall (Australia) 6–1, 6–1, 6–4 | Wimbledon Women's Singles Final - Chris Evert (USA) beats Olga Morozova (USSR) 6-0, 6-4 | Wimbledon Men's Doubles Final - John Newcombe and Tony Roche (Australia) beat Bob Lutz and Stan Smith (USA) 8–6, 6–4, 6–4 | Wimbledon Women's Doubles Final - Evonne Goolagong Cawley (Australia) and Peggy Michel (USA) beat Helen Gourlay Cawley and Karen Krantzcke (Australia) 2–6, 6–4, 6–3 | Wimbledon Mixed Doubles Final - Billie Jean King (USA) and Owen Davidson (Australia) beat Lesley Charles and Mark Farrell (Great Britain) 6–3, 9–7 | BBC Sports personality of the year | BBC Television Centre, London Winner: Brendan Foster (Athletics) Second: John Conteh (Boxing) Third: Willie John McBride (Rugby Union) Team: British Lions Rugby Union Squad (Rugby Union) Overseas Winner: Muhammad Ali (USA) (Boxing) | 64

65: SNOOKER | World Championships (Belle Vue, Manchester) - Ray Reardon (Wales) 22 - 12 Graham Miles (England) | HORSE RACING | 128th Grand National Steeplechase - Winner: "Red Rum" (England) in 9 minutes 20.3 seconds Age: 9 Starting Price: 11/1 Jockey: Brian Fletcher Owner: Ginger McCain Trainer: Noel Le Mare 2nd: L'Escargot 3rd: Charles Dickens 4th: Spanish Steps 195th Derby Stakes - Winner: "Snow Knight" (England) in 2 minutes 35.04 seconds Age: 3 Starting Price: 50/1 Jockey: Brian Taylor Owner: Sharon Phillips Trainer: Peter Nelson | 65 | Ray Reardon | Brendan Foster

66: RUGBY | Rugby League Winners - Salford City Reds Challenge League Final (Wembley Stadium) Warrington Wolves 24 - 9 Featherstone Rovers Attendance: 77,400 45th Five Nations Championships - | CRICKET | County Championship - Worcestershire Gillette Cup - Kent Sunday League - Leicestershire Benson & Hedges Cup - Surrey Minor Counties Championship - Oxfordshire Second XI Championship - Middlesex II Wisden - Dennis Amiss, Mike Denness, Norman Gifford, Tony Greig, Andy Roberts | 66

67: European Footballer of the Year - Johan Cruyff of Barcelona and Holland | The Professional Footballers' Association (PFA) Players' Player of the Year - Norman Hunter (Leeds United) | The Professional Footballers' Association (PFA) Young Players' Player of the Year - Kevin Beattie (Ipswich Town) | The Football Writers' Association (FWA) Footballer of the Year - Ian Callaghan (Liverpool) | FOOTBALL | Top First Division Scorer - Mick Channon (Southampton) – 21 goals | Top Second Division Scorer - Duncan McKenzie (Nottingham Forest) – 26 goals | Top Third Division Scorer - Billy Jennings (Watford) – 26 goals | Top Fourth Division Scorer - Brian Yeo (Gillingham) – 31 goals | Norman Hunter | Johan Cruyff | 67

68: FOOTBALL (Cont.) | First Division League Table | Second Division League Table | * Preston North End had one point deducted for fielding an ineligible player. | 68

69: Third Division League Table | Fourth Division League Table | * Scunthorpe United v. Exeter was never played. Exeter failed to turn up and Scunthorpe were awarded the points | Newport had one point deducted for fielding an ineligible player. | 69

70: 70 | F.A. Cup Final (Wembley Stadium, London, 4th May) - Liverpool 3-0 Newcastle United (Kevin Keegan 57, 88) (Steve Heighway 74) Attendance: 100,000 Liverpool left back Alec Lindsay had a goal disallowed, although replays later showed the offside pass that supplied Lindsay's 'goal' came from a Newcastle defender, thus meaning the goal should have stood. Liverpool: Ray Clemence (GK), Tommy Smith (RB), Alec Lindsay (LB), Phil Thompson (CB), Peter Cormack (CM), Emlyn Hughes (c) (CB), Kevin Keegan (CF), Brian Hall (CM), Steve Heighway (LM), John Toshack (CF), Ian Callaghan (RM) Manager: Bill Shankly Newcastle United: Willie McFaul (GK), Frank Clark (RB), Alan Kennedy (LB), Terry McDermott (CM), Pat Howard (CB), Bobby Moncur (c) (CB), Jimmy Smith (RW) (substituted for Tommy Gibb (MF) in the 70th minute), Tommy Cassidy (CM), Malcolm Macdonald (ST), John Tudor (ST), Terry Hibbitt (LW) Manager: Joe Harvey How Liverpool reached the Final: Third Round Liverpool 2-2 Doncaster Rovers Doncaster Rovers 0-2 Liverpool (replay) Fourth Round Liverpool 0-0 Carlisle United Carlisle United 0-2 Liverpool (replay) Fifth Round Liverpool 2-0 Ipswich Town Quarter-Finals Bristol City 0-1 Liverpool Semi-Final Liverpool 0-0 Leicester City (at Old Trafford, Manchester) Leicester City 1-3 Liverpool (replay) (at Villa Park, Birmingham) | FOOTBALL (Cont.)

71: 71 | How Newcastle United reached the Final: Third Round Newcastle United 1-1 Hendon Hendon 0-4 Newcastle United (replay) Fourth Round Newcastle United 1-1 Scunthorpe United Scunthorpe United 0-3 Newcastle United (replay) Fifth Round West Bromwich Albion 0-3 Newcastle United Quarter-Finals Newcastle United 4-3 Nottingham Forest (void) Newcastle United 0-0 Nottingham Forest (replay) (at Goodison Park, Merseyside) Newcastle United 1-0 Nottingham Forest (replay) (at Goodison Park, Merseyside) The first Newcastle United v. Nottingham Forest game was won 4–3 by Newcastle. However, early in the second half Forest went 3–1 up from a penalty awarded by the referee, Gordon Kew. In awarding the penalty, a Newcastle player was sent off. The Newcastle fans in the Leazes End of the ground were renowned for their volatility, and invaded the pitch. Two Nottingham Forest players were injured in the debacle, but the referee waited until all players were recovered and received the permission of both managers to continue the tie before restarting it. Newcastle managed to come back and win in spite of the two-goal and one-player deficit. 23 people were taken to hospital as a result of the pitch invasion. 103 people received treatment at the ground and 39 were arrested. Following the riot, a written protest was sent from Nottingham Forest to the FA. In response, the secretary of the FA, Ted Croker, announced that a special four-man subcommittee of the Challenge Cup Committee who oversee the FA Cup competition were to investigate the incident with an eye to disqualifying Newcastle, stating, "Newcastle could be disqualified. We do not have the power to order a replay as the game was completed." The subcommittee ruled that, in spite of Mr. Croker's comments, the match was to be replayed, at a neutral venue. If that match was drawn then extra time would be played and, if needed, a second match also at a neutral venue would be played. This decision was unprecedented at the time and the reaction was mixed, with Newcastle defender Frank Clark suggesting that Newcastle's comeback from two goals down and with a player sent off should have allowed them to go through outright. The Nottingham Forest captain stated, "we would have won it fair and square but for the trouble." Semi-Final Newcastle United 2-0 Burnley (at Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield)

72: League Cup Final (Wembley Stadium, London, 2nd March) - Manchester City 1-2 Wolverhampton Wanderers (Colin Bell 59) (Kevin Hibbitt 44, John Richards 85) Attendance: 97,886 Manchester City: Keith MacRae, Glyn Pardoe, Willie Donachie, Mike Doyle, Tommy Booth, Tony Towers, Mike Summerbee (c), Colin Bell, Francis Lee, Denis Law, Rodney Marsh Manager: Ron Saunders Wolverhampton Wanderers: Gary Pierce, Geoff Palmer, Derek Parkin, Mike Bailey (c), Frank Munro, John McAlle, Alan Sunderland, Kenny Hibbitt, John Richards, Derek Dougan, Dave Wagstaffe (substituted for Barry Powell in the 83rd minute) Manager: Bill McGarry How Manchester City reached the Final: Second Round Walsall 0-0 Manchester City Manchester City 0-0 Walsall (a.e.t.) (replay) Walsall 0-4 Manchester City (2nd replay) Third Round Carlisle United 0-1 Manchester City Fourth Round York City 0-0 Manchester City Manchester City 4-1 York City (replay) Quarter-Finals Coventry City 2-2 Manchester City Manchester City 4-2 Coventry City Semi-Final 1st Leg: Plymouth Argyle 1-1 Manchester City 2nd Leg: Manchester City 2-0 Plymouth Argyle Aggregate: Manchester City 3-1 Plymouth Argyle | FOOTBALL (Cont.) | Wolverhampton Wanderers win the League Cup Final | 72

73: How Wolverhampton Wanderers reached the Final: Second Round Halifax Town 0-3 Wolverhampton Wanderers Third Round Tranmere 1-1 Wolverhampton Wanderers Wolverhampton Wanderers 2-1 Tranmere Rovers (replay) Fourth Round Wolverhampton Wanderers 5-1 Exeter City Quarter-Finals Wolverhampton Wanderers 1-0 Liverpool Semi-Final 1st Leg: Norwich City 1-1 Wolverhampton Wanderers 2nd Leg: Wolverhampton Wanderers 1-0 Aggregate: Wolverhampton Wanderers 2-1 Norwich City | FA Charity Shield (Wembley Stadium, London, 10th August) - Liverpool 1-1 Leeds United (Phil Boersma 19) (Trevor Cherry 70) Liverpool win 6-5 on penalties Attendance: 67,000 Liverpool: Ray Clemence (GK), Tommy Smith (RB), Alec Lindsay (LB), Phil Thompson (CB), Peter Cormack (CM), Emlyn Hughes (CB), Kevin Keegan (CF) (shown red card in the 60th minute), Brian Hall (CM), Steve Heighway (LM), Phil Boersma (CF), Ian Callaghan (RM) Manager: Bob Paisley (team lead out on to the pitch by Bill Shankly) Leeds United: David Harvey (GK), Paul Reaney (RB), Trevor Cherry (LB), Billy Bremner (CM) (shown red card in the 60th minute), Gordon McQueen (CB), Norman Hunter (CB), Peter Lorimer (CM), Allan Clarke (CF) (substituted for Duncan McKenzie), Joe Jordan (CF), John Giles (RM), Eddie Gray (LM) Manager: Brian Clough | 73

74: FOOTBALL (Cont.) | (Top scorer - John "Dixie" Deans of Celtic with 26 goals) | Scottish League Second Division Champions - Airdrieonians | Scottish Cup Final (Hampden Park, Glasgow, 4th May) - Celtic 3-0 Dundee United (Attendance 75,959) | Scottish League Cup Final (Hampden Park, Glasgow, 26th October) - Hibernian 3-6 Celtic (Attendance 53,848) | Scottish League First Division Champions - Celtic | Danish 1st Division Champions - Kjobenhavns Boldklub Dutch Eredivisie Champions - Feyenoord Portuguese Primeira Divisao Champions - Sporting Lisbon Italian Serie A Champions - Lazio Spanish La Liga Champions - Barcelona German Bundesliga Champions - Bayern Munich Russian Soviet Supreme League Champions - Dynamo Kiev French Division 1 Champions - Saint-Étienne | 74

75: European Cup-Winners' Cup Final - (Feyenoord Stadion, Rotterdam, 8th May) FC Magdeburg (East Germany) 2-0 AC Milan (Italy) (Attendance: 4,000) | European Cup Final (Heysel Stadium, Brussels, 15th May) - Bayern Munich (West Germany) 1-1 (a.e.t.) Atlético Madrid (Spain) (Attendance 48,722) Replay (Heysel Stadium, Brussels, 17th May) - Bayern Munich (West Germany) 4-0 Atlético Madrid (Spain) (Attendance 23,325) | UEFA Cup Final - 1st Leg (White Hart Lane, London, 22nd May): Tottenham Hotspur (England) 2-2 Feyenoord (Netherlands) (Attendance 46,281) 2nd Leg (De Kuip, Rotterdam, 29th May): Feyenoord (Netherlands) 2-0 Tottenham Hotspur (England) (Attendance 59,317) Aggregate: Feyenoord 4-2 Tottenham Hotspur | Franz Beckenbauer lifts the European Cup for Bayern Munich | 75

76: 1974 fifa world cup West Germany 13th June - 7th July | This, the 10th staging of the World Cup, marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. The previous trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, had been won for the third time by Brazil in 1970 and awarded permanently to the Brazilians. West Germany was chosen as the host nation by FIFA in London, England on 6th July, 1966. Hosting rights for the 1978 and 1982 tournaments were awarded at the same time. West Germany agreed a deal with Spain by which Spain would support West Germany for the 1974 tournament, and in return West Germany would allow Spain to bid for the 1982 World Cup unopposed. The official mascots of this World Cup were Tip and Tap, two boys wearing an outfit similar to West Germany's, with the letters WM (Weltmeisterschaft, World Cup) and number 74. 98 countries took part in the qualifying tournament, and some of football's most successful nations did not qualify. Hungary, the USSR, Spain and France were knocked out, along with the champions of the 1966 tournament, England. First-time qualifiers included East Germany, Haiti, Australia and Zaire, who were the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to reach the World Cup finals. The Netherlands and Poland qualified for the first time since 1938, while Australia would not qualify again until the next time the tournament was held in Germany, in 2006. Upon winning the Final, West Germany became the first reigning European champions to win the World Cup, having won the European Championship tournament in 1972. This was only the second time that a team had won the World Cup after losing a match in the Finals (West Germany losing to East Germany during the group stage). The previous occasion was West Germany's earlier win in 1954. Poland's Grzegorz Lato led the tournament in scoring seven goals. Gerd Müller's goal in the Final was the 14th in his career of two World Cups, beating Just Fontaine's record of 13, in his single World Cup. Günter Netzer, who came on as a substitute for West Germany during the defeat by the East Germans, was playing for Real Madrid at the time. This is the first time that a World Cup winner has played for a club outside his home country. | 76

77: West Berlin | Hamburg | Hanover | Gelsenkirchen | Dortmund | Düsseldorf | Frankfurt | Stuttgart | Munich | FIFA World Cup venues in 1974 | Hamburg Volksparkstadion Capacity: 62,000 Hanover Niedersachsenstadion Capacity: 65,000 West Berlin Olympiastadion Capacity: 86,000 Gelsenkirchen Parkstadion Capacity: 72,000 Dortmund Westfalenstadion Capacity: 54,000 | Düsseldorf Rheinstadion Capacity: 67,000 Frankfurt Waldstadion Capacity: 61,000 Stuttgart Neckarstadion Capacity: 71,000 Munich Olympiastadion Capacity: 80,000 | 77

78: Round 1 Group 1 | 14th June (4pm) West Germany 1-0 Chile Olympiastadion, West Berlin Attendance: 83,168 14th June (7:30pm) East Germany 2-0 Australia Volksparkstadion, Hamburg Attendance: 10,000 18th June (4pm) Australia 0-3 West Germany Volksparkstadion, Hamburg Attendance: 35,000 18th June (7:30pm) Chile 1-1 East Germany Olympiastadion, West Berlin Attendance: 20,000 22nd June (4pm) Australia 0-0 Chile Olympiastadion, West Berlin Attendance: 14,681 22nd June (7:30pm) East Germany 1-0 West Germany Volksparkstadion, Hamburg Attendance: 60,350 | Group 2 | 13th June (5pm) Brazil 0-0 Yugoslavia Waldstadion, Frankfurt Attendance: 62,000 14th June (7:30pm) Zaire 0-2 Scotland Westfalenstadion, Dortmund Attendance: 25,000 18th June (7:30pm) Yugoslavia 9-0 Zaire Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen Attendance: 20,000 18th June (7:30pm) Scotland 0-0 Brazil Waldstadion, Frankfurt Attendance: 50,000 22nd June (4pm) Scotland 1-1 Yugoslavia Waldstadion, Frankfurt Attendance: 60,000 22nd June (4pm) Zaire 0-3 Brazil Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen Attendance: 35,000 | 78

79: Group 3 | 15th June (4pm) Sweden 0-0 Bulgaria Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf Attendance: 22,500 15th June (4pm) Uruguay 0-2 Netherlands Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover Attendance: 53,700 19th June (7:30pm) Uruguay 1-1 Bulgaria Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover Attendance: 12,000 19th June (7:30pm) Netherlands 0-0 Sweden Westfalenstadion, Dortmund Attendance: 53,700 23rd June (4pm) Netherlands 4-1 Bulgaria Westfalenstadion, Dortmund Attendance: 14,681 23rd June (4pm) Sweden 3-0 Uruguay Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf Attendance: 27,100 | Group 4 | 15th June (6pm) Italy 3-0 Haiti Olympiastadion, Munich Attendance: 51,100 15th June (6pm) Poland 3-2 Argentina Neckarstadion, Stuttgart Attendance: 31,500 19th June (7:30pm) Argentina 1-1 Italy Neckarstadion, Stuttgart Attendance: 68,900 19th June (7:30pm) Haiti 0-7 Poland Olympiastadion, Munich Attendance: 23,400 23rd June (4pm) Argentina 4-1 Haiti Olympiastadion, Munich Attendance: 24,000 23rd June (4pm) Poland 2-1 Italy Neckarstadion, Stuttgart Attendance: 68,900 | 79

80: Round 2 Group A | 26th June (7:30pm) Netherlands 4-0 Argentina Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen Attendance: 55,348 26th June (7:30pm) Brazil 1-0 East Germany Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover Attendance: 58,463 30th June (4pm) Argentina 1-2 Brazil Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover Attendance: 38,000 30th June (4pm) East Germany 0-2 Netherlands Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen Attendance: 67,148 3rd July (7:30pm) Argentina 1-1 East Germany Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen Attendance: 53,054 3rd July (7:30pm) Netherlands 2-0 Brazil Westfalenstadion, Dortmund Attendance: 52,500 | Group B | 26th June (4pm) Yugoslavia 0-2 West Germany Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf Attendance: 66,085 26th June (7:30pm) Sweden 0-1 Poland Neckarstadion, Stuttgart Attendance: 43,755 30th June (4pm) Poland 2-1 Yugoslavia Waldstadion, Frankfurt Attendance: 55,000 30th June (7:30pm) West Germany 4-2 Sweden Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf Attendance: 66,500 3rd July (4:30pm) Poland 0-1 West Germany Waldstadion, Frankfurt Attendance: 59,000 3rd July (7:30pm) Sweden 2-1 Yugoslavia Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf Attendance: 40,000 | 80

81: Third Place Match | 6th July (4pm) Brazil 0-1 Poland Olympiastadion, Munich Attendance: 74,100 | Final | 7th July (4pm) Netherlands 1-2 West Germany (Johan Neeskens 2, pen) (Paul Breitner 25, pen) (Gerd Müller 43) Olympiastadion, Munich Attendance: 75,200 | Netherlands: Jan Jongbloed (GK), Wim Suurbier (RB), Wim Rijsbergen (CB) (substituted for Theo de Jong (MF) in the 69th minute), Arie Haan (CB), Ruud Krol (LB), Wim Jansen (RM), Johan Neeskens (CM), Willem van Hanegem (LM), Johnny Rep (RW), Johan Cruyff (c) (CF) , Rob Rensenbrink (LW) (substituted for René van de Kerkhof (MF) in the 46th minute) Manager: Rinus Michels West Germany: Sepp Maier (GK), Berti Vogts (RB), Franz Beckenbauer (c) (CB), Hans-Georg Schwarzenbeck (CB), Paul Breitner (LB), Rainer Bonhof (RM), Uli Hoeness (CM), Wolfgang Overath (LM), Jürgen Grabowski (RW), Gerd Müller (CF), Bernd Holzenbein (LW) Manager: Joe Harvey | Franz Beckenbauer lifts the World Cup for West Germany | 81

82: X British Commonwealth Games | Christchurch, New Zealand | 24th January - 2nd February 1974 | Nations participating: 38 Athletes participating: 1276 Events: 121 events in 10 sports Officially opened by HRH Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh Main venue: QEII Park | The bid vote to host the 1974 British Commonwealth Games was held in Edinburgh at the 1970 British Commonwealth Games with Melbourne, Australia in direct competition with Christchurch. The Games were officially named "the friendly games". There were 1,276 competitors and 372 officials, according to the official history, and public attendance was excellent. The main venue was the QEII Park, purpose built for this event and one of the most modern in the world when finished. The Athletics Stadium and fully covered Olympic standard pool, diving tank, and practice pools were all on one site. The theme song was "Join Together", sung by Steven Allen. QEII Park was severely damaged beyond repair by the devastating earthquake that destroyed parts of the city on 22nd February 2011. | 82

83: Medal Table by Country | * = First medal in the British Commonwealth Games | Participating Nations (Purple = Participating for the first time) | 83

84: 84 | UEFA European Football Championships' Final (Euro '72) - West Germany 3 - 0 U.S.S.R. Final staged in the Heysel Stadium, Brussels, Belgium. Attendance 43,437. | Glasgow Rangers European Cup Winners' Cup Champions | The opening ceremony was held in the mid afternoon, with Prince Philip as the attending royal. A fanfare announced the guard of honour by the New Zealand Defence Forces, inspected by His Royal Highness. This was followed by the raising of flags of the past, present, and future hosts. "God Save the Queen" was sung. The field was then invaded by 2500 school children in red, white and blue rain slicks all forming in the centre to create the NZ74 symbol. A Mori concert group then performed action songs and a haka, before the teams march past. The athletes then took the oath and Sylvia Potts, the runner who fell mere meters from a gold medal finish in the 1970 Commonwealth Games, entered the stadium with the Queen's Baton. It was presented to Prince Philip who read the message from the Queen declaring the 1974 Christchurch 10th British Commonwealth Games open. The Commonwealth flag was then marched in and hauled up with a 21 gun salute. While the opening ceremony was a regimented and very formal affair, the late afternoon closing ceremony was anything but. This set a precedent for other closing ceremonies since then. With the formalities out of the way, the handing over of the flag to representatives of Edmonton, Canada, the athletes broke ranks and ran amok, much to the delight of the packed stadium and the Queen herself. A flypast of the then Red Checkers RNZAF display team brought the ceremony to a close as the Queen and Prince Philip did a lap of honour around the stadium and departed. The Games were the last time that the entire immediate British Royal Family (Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Philip and their children) visited New Zealand as a group. The Royal Yacht "Britannia" was the royal residence during the Games. The Games were the first large international athletic event after the murder of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games. The Athletes Village (the Student accommodation of Canterbury University) was temporarily fenced in and guarded for the duration of the Games. Only official vehicles and persons were allowed into sensitive areas around the venues. The logo was the second (after Edinburgh in 1970) to be protected and trademarked, and set a design benchmark which was echoed in the logos of the next five Games. The logo is still regarded as one of New Zealand's iconic symbols, being reproduced on clothing and elsewhere. The Games were also an important milestone in New Zealand television, marking the introduction of colour television. However, due to the NZBC's limited colour facilities, only athletics, swimming, and boxing could be broadcast in colour. Meanwhile paralleling the television coverage, the National Film Unit produced a fine documented history of the Christchurch Games (and the many events) in full colour. Christchurch was the smallest city to host the modern televised Commonwealth Games. This was the first games that tried using the "Olympic" look with a standard colour scheme for facilities, passes, flags, stationary, and above all uniforms (which wearers only borrowed, but could buy outright as a memento thus helping keep costs down). This was also the first time that a city had asked the Games Federation to allow commercial advertising. This was voted down as the Federation feared that advertising by big corporations would remove focus away from the amateur ethos of the Games. As no commercial hoardings were allowed, Christchurch got around this with the use of "sponsorship", one example being General Motors providing a lease fleet of Holden HQ sedans that would be sold off after the games. Air New Zealand allowed large NZ74 symbols to be placed on the fuselage sides of the airline's brand new McDonnell Douglas DC-10s, giving free advertising around the world. This in itself set a trend since with airlines vying to be "official airline" of a particular event. Although the Games themselves were a success, making a then sizable profit of $500,000, the "sponsorship" was nowhere near enough. The City of Christchurch was left with a financial facilities management debt. This deterred the city from hosting major events until 1990 when the government stepped in with lotteries funding to clear the remaining debt. By then, Auckland's 1990 Games were fully commercialised.

85: Top Television Programmes of 1974 | 1. This Is Your Life (ITV) 2. Love Thy Neighbour (ITV) 3. Miss World (BBC) 4. Bless This House (ITV) 5. The Des O'Connor Show (ITV) 6. Benny Hill (ITV) 7. British Screen Awards (ITV) 8. The Tommy Cooper Hour (ITV) 9. And Mother Makes Five (ITV) 10. News At Ten (ITV) 11. Opportunity Knocks (ITV) 12. The Val Doonican Show (ITV) 13. Uri Geller (ITV) 14. The Generation Game (BBC) 15. No, Honestly (ITV) 16. Special Branch (ITV) 17. Within These Walls (ITV) 18. Coronation Street (ITV) 19. Max (ITV) 20. Eurovision Song Contest (BBC) | Miss World | 85 | The Generation Game | This Is Your Life

86: in 1974 | Saturday 5th January - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits Serial UUU, "THE TIME WARRIOR" (Part Four) written by Robert Holmes, directed by Alan Bromley, produced by Barry Letts and starring Jon Pertwee as The Doctor. It attracts an audience of 10.6 million viewers. Monday 7th January - Script Editor, Terrance Dicks delivers rewrites completed for the Brian Hayles story, "The Monster of Peladon". Wednesday 9th January - Rehearsals for "The Monster of Peladon" commence with film sequences featuring Terry Walsh replacing David Rolfe as a guard extra on some scenes. | 86

87: Saturday 12th January - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits Serial WWW, "INVASION" (Part One) written by Malcolm Hulke, directed by Paddy Russell, produced by Barry Letts and starring Jon Pertwee as The Doctor. It attracts an audience of 11.0 million viewers. Monday 14th January - Robert Sloman delivers his formal commission for the script for Part One of "Planet of the Spiders", with the scripts for the remaining five episodes delivered the following day. Monday 14th - Friday 18th January - Filming of the mine tunnels and cavern for "The Monster of Peladon" at Ealing Film Studios Stage 3A. Thursday 17th January - Target Books publishes "DOCTOR WHO AND THE AUTON INVASION" by Terrance Dicks and "DOCTOR WHO AND THE CAVE MONSTERS" by Malcolm Hulke. Saturday 19th January - At 5:31pm, BBC1 transmits "INVASION OF THE DINOSAURS" (Part Two), attracting an audience of 10.1 million viewers. Monday 21st January - Studio rehearsals for "The Monster of Peladon". Saturday 26th January - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits "INVASION OF THE DINOSAURS" (Part Three), attracting an audience of 11.0 million viewers. Monday 28th January - Filming for Part One of "The Monster of Peladon" at BBC Television Centre Studio 8. Tuesday 29th January - Filming for Part Two and temple and pit scenes for Part Three of "The Monster of Peladon" at BBC Television Centre Studio 8. Meanwhile, the Daleks make an appearance on an edition of the children's television series, "Vision On". Thursday 31st January - Studio rehearsals for "The Monster of Peladon". | 87

88: Saturday 2nd February - At 5:34pm, BBC1 transmits "INVASION OF THE DINOSAURS" (Part Four), attracting an audience of 9.0 million viewers. Friday 8th February - Jon Pertwee announces to the press that he is leaving "DOCTOR WHO". Saturday 9th February - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits "INVASION OF THE DINOSAURS" (Part Five), attracting an audience of 9.0 million viewers. Monday 11th February - Filming for Part Three of "The Monster of Peladon" at BBC Television Centre Studio 6. All film sequences for Parts One and Two are transferred to tape and the Aggedor heat ray effects are superimposed. Tuesday 12th February - Filming for Part Four of "The Monster of Peladon" at BBC Television Centre Studio 6. At the end of recording, insert shots for the fight with the Ice Warriors were taped along with the transfer of film sequences for Parts Five and Six. Thursday 14th February - Studio rehearsals for "The Monster of Peladon". Friday 15th February - Tom Baker is announced to the press as Jon Pertwee's replacement. Saturday 16th February - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits "INVASION OF THE DINOSAURS" (Part Six), attracting an audience of 7.5 million viewers. Tuesday 19th February - Tom Baker is formally contracted to make 26 episodes of "Doctor Who". Saturday 23rd February - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits Serial XXX, "DEATH TO THE DALEKS" (Part One) written by Terry Nation, directed by Michael Briant, produced by Barry Letts and starring Jon Pertwee as The Doctor. It attracts an audience of 8.1 million viewers. Monday 25th February - An experimental studio session to test visual effects for "Planet of the Spiders" is held at BBC Television Centre. | 88

89: Tuesday 26th February - Filming for Part Three of "The Monster of Peladon" at BBC Television Centre Studio 6. Wednesday 27th February - Filming for Part Six of "The Monster of Peladon" at BBC Television Centre Studio 6, with Aggedor effect for Part Five also taped. Saturday 2nd March - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits "DEATH TO THE DALEKS" (Part Two), attracting an audience of 9.5 million viewers. Saturday 9th March - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits "DEATH TO THE DALEKS" (Part Three), attracting an audience of 10.5 million viewers. The episode was previewed earlier in the day on "The Afternoon Programme". Monday 11th March - Filming for "Planet of the Spiders" gets underway on location at Mortimer Railway Station in Berkshire in the morning, and at Tidmarsh Manor in Tidmarsh, Berkshire in afternoon for all the sequences in Part One in the grounds of the Lamasery in Mummerset. Tuesday 12th March - Filming at Membury Airfield in Membury, Wiltshire for the beginning of the chase sequence for Part Two of "Planet of the Spiders". Meanwhile, the storyline for "Loch Ness" by Robert Banks Stewart is commissioned which would later be retitled to "Terror of the Zygons". Wednesday 13th March - Filming continues at Membury Airfield for the chase sequence for Part Two of "Planet of the Spiders" before moving on to Le Marchant Barracks in Devizes, Wiltshire for the Unit HQ scenes. Thursday 14th - Friday 15th March - Filming the speedboat and hovercraft chase on the River Severn near Westbury, Gloucestershire for Part Two of "Planet of the Spiders". Saturday 16th March - At 5:35pm, BBC1 transmits "DEATH TO THE DALEKS" (Part Four), attracting an audience of 9.5 million viewers. Sunday 17th March - Studio rehearsals for Parts One and Two of "Planet of the Spiders" begin in Acton. Friday 22nd March - The popular children's television variety show, "Crackerjack" presents a spoof of the "Doctor Who" opening titles. | 89

90: Saturday 23rd March - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits Serial YYY, "THE MONSTER OF PELADON" (Part One) written by Brian Hayles, directed by Lennie Mayne, produced by Barry Letts and starring Jon Pertwee as The Doctor, attracting an audience of 9.2 million viewers. Wednesday 27th March - Scripts for "Loch Ness" are commissioned. Saturday 30th March - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits "THE MONSTER OF PELADON" (Part Two), attracting an audience of 6.8 million viewers. April - Target Books publishes "DOCTOR WHO AND THE DOOMSDAY WEAPON" by Malcolm Hulke and "DOCTOR WHO AND THE DAY OF THE DALEKS" by Terrance Dicks. Tuesday 2nd April - Studio recording for Part One of "Planet of the Spiders" in BBC Television Centre Studio 1. Also recorded are scenes in the Doctor's Lab for Parts Three and Six. Wednesday 3rd April - Filming for Part Two of "Planet of the Spiders" at BBC Television Centre Studio 1. Thursday 4th April - Scripts for "Daleks - Genesis Of Terror" by Terry Nation are commissioned. The serial would later be retitled to "Genesis Of The Daleks". Friday 5th April - Jon Pertwee and Elisabeth Sladen open one of two new BBC Enterprises "Doctor Who" exhibitions in Blackpool, with the event covered by "Nationwide". Saturday 6th April - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits "THE MONSTER OF PELADON" (Part Three), attracting an audience of 7.4 million viewers. Saturday 13th April - At 5:30pm, BBC1 transmits "THE MONSTER OF PELADON" (Part Four), attracting an audience of 7.2 million viewers. Tuesday 16th April - Filming for Parts Three and Four of "Planet of the Spiders" at BBC Television Centre Studio 8. | 90

91: Wednesday 17th April - Filming for Parts Five and Six of "Planet of the Spiders" at BBC Television Centre Studio 8. Saturday 20th April - At 5:31pm, BBC1 transmits "THE MONSTER OF PELADON" (Part Five), attracting an audience of 7.5 million viewers. Saturday 27th April - At 5:31pm, BBC1 transmits "THE MONSTER OF PELADON" (Part Six), attracting an audience of 8.1 million viewers. Sunday 28th April - Filming for Tom Baker's debut story, "Robot" commences at the BBC Engineering and Training Centre in Wood Norton, Herefordshire & Worcestershire. Sunday 28th April - Filming for "Robot" continues on location in Wood Norton. Tuesday 30th April - Filming for all the scenes on Metebelis Three for "Planet of the Spiders" commences at BBC Television Centre Studio 6. Meanwhile, location filming for "Robot" continues in Wood Norton. Wednesday 1st May - Filming for all the scenes on Metebelis Three for "Planet of the Spiders" concludes at BBC Television Centre Studio 6. Meanwhile, location filming for "Robot" continues in Wood Norton. Thursday 2nd May - Further location filming for "Robot" in Wood Norton. Saturday 4th May - At 5:47pm, BBC1 transmits Serial ZZZ, "PLANET OF THE SPIDERS" (Part One) written by Robert Sloman, directed and produced by Barry Letts and starring Jon Pertwee as The Doctor. It attracts an audience of 10.1 million viewers. Sunday 5th May - Location filming for "Robot" continues in Wood Norton. Monday 6th May - Location filming for "Robot" in Wood Norton concludes. | 91

92: Saturday 11th May - At 5:40pm, BBC1 transmits "PLANET OF THE SPIDERS" (Part Two), attracting an audience of 8.9 million viewers. Saturday 18th May - At 5:40pm, BBC1 transmits "PLANET OF THE SPIDERS" (Part Three), attracting an audience of 8.8 million viewers. Wednesday 22nd May - Studio filming for "Robot" commences at BBC Television Centre Studio 3 and includes the Factory Vault scenes for Part One and the scenes in the Thinktank Workshop, Corridor and Kettlewell's Lab and SRS HQ Lobby for Part Two. Thursday 23rd May - Scripts for Tom Baker's debut serial, "Robot" are retrospectively cleared as staff commissioned. Also commissioned is the storyline for "The Destructors" by Bob Baker and Dave Martin which would eventually be retitled to "The Sontaran Experiment". Saturday 25th May - At 5:31pm, BBC1 transmits "PLANET OF THE SPIDERS" (Part Four), attracting an audience of 8.2 million viewers. Monday 27th May - At 11:15am, BBC1 transmits an unscheduled 90-minute edited omnibus edition of "THE SEA DEVILS" when industrial action blacks out the broadcast of a cricket match. The omnibus attracts 4.6 million viewers. Friday 31st May - The storyline for "Revenge of the Cybermen" is commissioned. Saturday 1st June - At 5:36pm, BBC1 transmits "PLANET OF THE SPIDERS" (Part Five), attracting an audience of 9.2 million viewers. Studio filming for Part One of "Robot" continues at BBC Television Centre Studio 3, along with the first five scenes for Part Two. Sunday 2nd June - Studio filming for Part Two of "Robot" continues at BBC Television Centre Studio 3, along with the first scene for Part Three. Wednesday 5th June - Part One of "The Ark In Space" by John Lucarotti is commissioned, along with the script for Part One of "The Destructors". Thursday 6th June - Studio filming for Part Three of "Robot" continues at BBC Television Centre Studio 3, along with the first Control Room and Corridor scenes for Part Four. Parts Two to Four of "The Ark In Space" by John Lucarotti are commissioned, as are the scripts for "Revenge of the Cybermen". Friday 7th June - Studio filming for Part Four of "Robot" at BBC Television Centre Studio 3, | 92

93: Saturday 8th June - At 5:38pm, BBC1 transmits "PLANET OF THE SPIDERS" (Part Six), attracting an audience of 8.9 million viewers. Thursday 27th June - BBC1 transmits the movie, "DALEKS - INVASION EARTH 2150AD" starring Peter Cushing as Dr. Who in an unscheduled evening broadcast, replacing "Wimbledon 74" and "Top of the Pops". Saturday 6th July - The script for Part Two of "The Destructors" is commissioned. Monday 8th July - The storyline for "Pyramids of Mars" by Stephen Harris is commissioned. Tuesday 23rd July - Scripts for "Pyramids of Mars" are commissioned. Monday 26th August - BBC1 transmits the movie, "DR. WHO AND THE DALEKS" starring Peter Cushing as Dr. Who in an unscheduled morning broadcast, replacing the Third Test cricket match between England and Pakistan due to rain. September - The "Doctor Who Annual 1975" is published. Monday 23rd September - On-location rehearsals begin in Dartmoor for "The Sontaran Experiment". Thursday 26th September - Tuesday October 1- Location filming for "The Sontaran Experiment". Sunday 29th September - While performing the end of The Doctor's confrontation sequence with Styre for "The Sontaran Experiment", Tom Baker slips on a rocky surface and breaks his collarbone. He is taken to a nearby hospital, with the planned last four scenes of the day left unrecorded. Baker would return to filming the following day with his arm in a sling, hidden by The Doctor's coat and scarf. Stuntman Terry Walsh doubled for Baker in some scenes. Monday 30th September - Regional radio show, "Morning Sou' West" broadcasts an interview with Tom Baker and Philip Hinchcliffe, recorded on location for "The Sontaran Experiment". Tuesday 8th October - Staff clearance is requested by Script Editor, Robert Holmes to produce new scripts for "The Ark In Space". Wednesday 16th October - Model filming at the BBC Television Centre Puppet Theatre for "The Ark In Space". | 93

94: Thursday 17th October - Target Books publishes "DOCTOR WHO AND THE DAEMONS" by Barry Letts and "DOCTOR WHO AND THE SEA DEVILS" by Malcolm Hulke. Rehearsals for "The Ark In Space" begin at BBC Rehearsal Room 402 in Acton. Monday 28th October - Filming at BBC Television Centre Studio 3 for Part One of "The Ark In Space", along with the start of the first scene of Part Two. Also filmed were scenes in Control Rooms 1 and 2 and the Cryogenic Chamber for Part Three. Tuesday 29th October - Filming at BBC Television Centre Studio 3 for Part Two of "The Ark In Space" and the first seven scenes of Part Three. Monday 11th November - Filming Part Three of "The Ark In Space" at BBC Television Centre Studio 1, together with the Transom and Control Room 2 scenes for Part Four. Tuesday 12th November - Filming Part Four of "The Ark In Space" at BBC Television Centre Studio 1. Scenes in the Access Chamber, Cryogenic Chamber and Control Room 2 for Part Three were also filmed. Model filming takes place at the BBC Television Centre Puppet Theatre for "Revenge of the Cybermen". Thursday 14th November - "Doctor Who" wins an industry award for its scripts from the Society for Film and Television. The same day, Tom Baker gives his first television interview from Wookey Hole whilst on location for filming "Revenge of the Cybermen". Monday 18th - Thursday 21st November - Location filming in Wookey Hole Caves for "Revenge of the Cybermen". Thursday 21st November - Target Books publishes "DOCTOR WHO AND THE ABOMINABLE SNOWMEN" by Terrance Dicks. Friday 22nd November - Tom Baker's TV interview from Wookey Hole airs on the Bristol-based regional news programme, "Points West". Friday 29th November - The storyline for "The Enemy Within" by Terry Nation is commissioned. It would later be retitled to "The Android Invasion". Tuesday 3rd December - Filming at BBC Television Centre Studio 1 for scenes on the Transom, Crew Deck and Control Rooms 1 and 2 for Parts One to Three of "Revenge of the Cybermen", as well as Transom and Crew Deck scenes for Part Four. | 94

95: Monday 16th December - The stage play, "DOCTOR WHO AND THE DALEKS IN THE SEVEN KEYS TO DOOMSDAY" opens at the Adelphi Theatre in London and stars Trevor Martin as The Doctor, Wendy Padbury as Jenny and James Matthews as Jimmy. The play is written by Terrance Dicks and runs for four weeks. Tuesday 17th December - Filming at BBC Television Centre Studio 3 for scenes in the Guildroom and Cybership or Part One of "Revenge of the Cybermen", as well as scenes at the Tyrum HQ, on the Cyber control deck, in Cave Areas A-D and theGuildroom for Part Two. Friday 27th December - At 2:45pm, BBC1 transmits a 105-minute edited omnibus edition of "PLANET OF THE SPIDERS", attracting an audience of 8.6 million viewers. Saturday 28th December - At 5:35pm, BBC1 transmits Serial 4A, "ROBOT" (Part One) written by Terrance Dicks, directed by Christopher Barry, produced by Barry Letts and introducing Tom Baker as The Doctor. It attracts an audience of 10.8 million viewers. | 95

96: 1974 U.K. SINGLES CHART - Number Ones | Best-selling single of 1974: "Tiger Feet" by Mud | 96 | 15th Dec 1973 | (for 5 weeks) | "Merry Xmas Everybody" - SLADE | 19th Jan | (for 1 week) | "You Won't Find Another Fool Like Me" - THE NEW SEEKERS | 26th Jan | (for 4 weeks) | "Tiger Feet" - MUD | 23rd Feb | (for 2 weeks) | "Devil Gate Drive" - SUZI QUATRO | 9th Mar | (for 1 week) | "Jealous Mind" - ALVIN STARDUST | 16th Mar | (for 3 weeks) | "Billy Don't Be A Hero" - PAPER LACE | 6th Apr | (for 4 weeks) | "Seasons In The Sun" - TERRY JACKS | 4th May | (for 2 weeks) | "Waterloo" - ABBA | 18th May | (for 4 weeks) | "Sugar Baby Love" - THE RUBETTES | 15th June | (for 1 week) | "The Streak" - RAY STEVENS | 22nd June | (for 1 week) | "Always Yours" - GARY GLITTER | 29th June | (for 4 weeks) | "She" - CHARLES AZNAVOUR | 27th July | (for 3 weeks) | "Rock Your Baby" - GEORGE McCRAE | 17th Aug | (for 2 weeks) | "When Will I See You Again" - THE THREE DEGREES | 31st Aug | (for 3 weeks) | "Love Me For A Reason" - THE OSMONDS | 21st Sept | (for 3 weeks) | "Kung Fu Fighting" - CARL DOUGLAS | 12th Oct | (for 1 week) | "Annie's Song" - JOHN DENVER | 19th Oct | (for 1 week) | "Sad Sweet Dreamer" - SWEET SENSATION | 26th Oct | (for 3 weeks) | "Everything I Own" - KEN BOOTHE | 16th Nov | (for 3 weeks) | "Gonna Make You A Star" - DAVID ESSEX | 7th Dec | (for 2 weeks) | "You're The First The Last My Everything" - BARRY WHITE | 21st Dec | (for 4 weeks) | "Lonely This Christmas" - MUD

97: 97 | 1974 U.K. ALBUMS CHART - Number Ones | Best-selling album of 1974: "The Singles 1969-1973" by The Carpenters | 22nd Dec 1973 | (for 2 weeks) | "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road" - ELTON JOHN | 5th Jan | (for 2 weeks) | "Tales From Topographic Oceans" - YES | 19th Jan | (for 1 week) | "Sladest" - SLADE | 26th Jan | (for 1 week) | "And I Love You So" - PERRY COMO | 2nd Feb | (for 4 weeks) | "The Singles 1969-1973" - THE CARPENTERS | 2nd Mar | (for 1 week) | "Old New Borrowed And Blue" - SLADE | 9th Mar | (for 11 weeks) | 25th May | (for 1 week) | "Journey To The Centre Of The Earth" - RICK WAKEMAN | 1st June | (for 1 week) | 8th June | (for 4 weeks) | "Diamond Dogs" - DAVID BOWIE | 6th July | (for 1 week) | 13th July | (for 2 weeks) | "Caribou" - ELTON JOHN | 27th July | (for 7 weeks) | "Band On The Run" - PAUL McCARTNEY & WINGS | 14th Sept | (for 3 weeks) | "Hergest Ridge" - MIKE OLDFIELD | 5th Oct | (for 1 weeks) | "Tubular Bells" - MIKE OLDFIELD | 12th Oct | (for 1 week) | "Rollin'" - THE BAY CITY ROLLERS | 19th Oct | (for 1 week) | "Smiler" - ROD STEWART | 26th Oct | (for 1 week) | 2nd Nov | (for 1 week) | 9th Nov | (for 1 week) | 23rd Nov | (for 11 weeks) | "Elton John's Greatest Hits" - ELTON JOHN | "The Singles 1969-1973" - THE CARPENTERS | "The Singles 1969-1973" - THE CARPENTERS | "The Singles 1969-1973" - THE CARPENTERS | "Rollin'" - THE BAY CITY ROLLERS | "Smiler" - ROD STEWART | "Rollin'" - THE BAY CITY ROLLERS

98: 98 | 1974 in Music | Bob Dylan and The Band kick off their 40-date concert tour at Chicago Stadium on 3rd January. It's Dylan's first time on the road since 1966. | On 18th February, Yes sells out the first of two nights at Madison Square Garden in New York City without any advertising for the show. | Cher files for divorce from her husband of 10 years, Sonny Bono, on 20th February. | On 12th March, John Lennon is involved in an altercation with a photographer outside The Troubadour in Los Angeles. Lennon and friend Harry Nilsson had been heckling comedian Tommy Smothers and are forced to leave the club. | 16th March sees Country music's Grand Ole Opry move to a new location at the Opryland USA theme park in Nashville, Tennessee | "Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones", a concert movie filmed during the band's 1972 North American Tour, premieres at the Ziegfeld Theatre in New York on 14th April. | Queen play their first North American concert, opening for Mott the Hoople in Denver, Colorado on 16th April. | On 7th May, Led Zeppelin announce their new record label, Swan Song Records, with a lavish party at The Four Seasons Hotel in New York. | David Bowie launches his "Diamond Dogs" tour at the Montreal Forum on 14th June. One year previously, Bowie had announced he was retiring from touring as Ziggy Stardust.

99: Barry White marries Love Unlimited lead singer Glodean James on 4th July. | The first Knebworth Concert is held in England on 20th July, headlined by The Allman Brothers Band. | Having performed at two sold-out concerts at the London Palladium, 'Mama' Cass Elliot dies in her sleep on 29th July after suffering a heart attack in a Mayfair flat in London, aged 32. | Peter Wolf, lead singer of The J. Geils Band, marries actress Faye Dunaway on 7th August. | On 18th October, Al Green is attacked in the shower by a girlfriend. She scalds him with a pan of boiling grits and commits suicide a few moments later. | George Harrison launches his "George Harrison & Friends North American Tour" in Vancouver on 2nd November. It's Harrison's first tour since the Beatles' North American Tour of 1966. | On 21st November, Wilson Pickett is arrested in Andes, New York after allegedly firing a bullet through the door of a hotel room he was staying at while on a hunting trip with The Isley Brothers. | John Lennon joins Elton John on stage at Madison Square Garden in New York for three songs - "I Saw Her Standing There", "Whatever Gets You Thru The Night" and "Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds". This Thanksgiving Day show on 28th November would be Lennon's last stage performance. | On 12th December, Mick Taylor announces he is leaving The Rolling Stones after six years with the band. | Lindsey Buckingham and Stevie Nicks join Fleetwood Mac on 31st December. | 1974 in Music | 99

100: 1974 in Music | Notable Albums Released | "Blue Magic" by Blue Magic Released 9th January | "Coast to Coast: Overture and Beginners" by Rod Stewart / Faces Released 10th January | "Waterloo" by ABBA Released 4th March | "Queen II" by Queen Released 8th March | "Diamond Dogs" by David Bowie Released 24th April | "Quo" by Status Quo Released May | "Caribou" by Elton John Released 28th June | "461 Ocean Boulevard" by Eric Clapton Released July | "AWB" by Average White Band Released August | 100

101: 1974 in Music | Notable Albums Released | "Goodnight Vienna" by Ringo Starr Released 15th November | "It's Only Rock 'n Roll" by The Rolling Stones Released 16th October | "Smiler" by Rod Stewart Released 4th October | "Walls and Bridges" by John Lennon Released 26th September | "Dark Horse" by George Harrison Released 20th December | "Rollin'" by Bay City Rollers Released 4th October | "Pussy Cats" by Harry Nilsson Released 30th August | "Sheer Heart Attack" by Queen Released 1st November | "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway" by Genesis Released 18th November | 101

102: 102 | Final Date: 6th April 1974 Venue: The Dome, Brighton, U.K. Presenter: Katie Boyle Conductor: Ronnie Hazlehurst Interval Act: The Wombles | 1st - Sweden (24 points) 8th song performed ABBA - "Waterloo" sung in English 2nd - Italy (18 points) 17th song performed Gigliola Cinquetti - "Si" ("Yes") sung in Italian 3rd - Netherlands (15 points) 12th song performed Mouth and MacNeal - "I See A Star" sung in English 4th= - United Kingdom (14 points) 2nd song performed Olivia Newton-John - "Long Live Love" sung in English 4th= - Luxembourg (14 points) 9th song performed Ireen Sheer - "Bye Bye I Love You" sung in French 4th= - Monaco (14 points) 10th song performed Romuald - "Celui qui reste et celui qui s'en va" ("The one who stays and the one who goes") sung in French 7th= - Israel (11 points) 6th song performed Kaveret (as 'Poogy') - "Natati La Khayay" ("I gave her my life") sung in Hebrew

103: 376 | 7th= - Ireland (11 points) 13th song performed Tina Reynolds - "Cross Your Heart" sung in English 9th= - Belgium (10 points) 11th song performed Jacques Hustin - "Fleur de liberté" ("Flower of Freedom") sung in French 9th= - Spain (10 points) 3rd song performed Peret - "Canta y sé feliz" ("Sing and be happy") sung in Spanish 11th - Greece (7 points) 5th song performed Marinella - "Krasí, thálassa ke t' agóri mu" ("Wine, sea and my boyfriend) sung in Greek 12th - Yugoslavia (6 points) 7th song performed Korni Grupa - "Moja generacija" ("My generation") sung in Serbian 13th - Finland (4 points) 1st song performed Carita Holmstrm - "Keep Me Warm" sung in English 14th= - Norway (3 points) 4th song performed Anne-Karine Strom feat. Bendik Singers - "The First Day of Love" sung in English 14th= - Switzerland (3 points) 15th song performed Piera Martell - "Mein Ruf nach dir" ("My Call To You") sung in German 14th= - Portugal (3 points) 16th song performed Paulo de Carvalho - "E depois do adeus" ("And after the goodbye") sung in Portuguese 14th= - Germany (3 points) 14th song performed Cindy & Bert - "Die Sommermelodie" ("The melody of summer") sung in German | 103

104: The 19th Annual Contest was staged by the BBC in the U.K. after Luxembourg, having won in both 1972 and 1973, declined on the grounds of expense to host the contest for a second consecutive year. Katie Boyle returned to host her fourth Eurovision Song Contest (she also hosted the contest in 1960, 1963 and 1968). The United Kingdom was represented in the contest by the (British-born) Australian pop singer Olivia Newton-John, who finished in fourth place with the song "Long Live Love". As noted by author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor in his book "The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History", Olivia disliked this song and preferred others from the UK heat, but "Long Live Love" was chosen as the UK's entry by a public postal vote. France had been drawn to sing at No. 14 (after Ireland and before Germany) with the song "La vie vingt-cinq ans" by Dani, but as a mark of respect following the death of French President, Georges Pompidou, during Eurovision week, French broadcaster ORTF made the decision to withdraw the entry. Since President Pompidou's funeral was held the day of the contest, it was deemed inappropriate for the French to take part. Dani was seen by viewers in the audience at the point the French song should have been performed. For the same reason, the French singer Anne-Marie David, who had won the first place for Luxembourg in 1973, could not come to Brighton to hand the prize to the 1974 winner. Italy refused to broadcast the televised contest on the state television channel RAI because of a song sung by Gigliola Cinquetti which coincided with the intense political campaigning for the 1974 Italian referendum on divorce which was held a month later in May. Despite the Eurovision contest taking place more than a month before the planned vote and despite Cinquetti going as far as winning second place, Italian censors refused to allow the contest and song to be shown or heard. RAI censors felt the song which was titled "S", and which contained lyrics constantly repeating the word "SI" (yes) could be accused of being a subliminal message and a form of propaganda to influence the Italian voting public to vote "YES" in the referendum. The song remained censored on most Italian state TV and radio stations for over a month. | 104

105: Participating Countries Countries who have participated in the past but did not this year | Malta withdrew from the contest for unknown reasons, but had selected Enzo Guzman with the song "Pai Fid Dinja" (Peace in the World) to represent them. The singer has confirmed this to be the case. Malta returned to the competition in 1975. Portugal's entry "E depois do adeus" was used as the first of the two signals to launch the Carnation Revolution against the Estado Novo regime. Played on a Portuguese radio station late in the evening of 24th April 1974, the broadcasting of the song alerted the rebel, largely left-wing captains and soldiers to prepare to begin the successful military coup. (The second song to be broadcast, marking the actual start of military operations of the coup, was "Grandola, Vila Morena" by Zeca Afonso - with no Eurovision Song Contest connection). Of "E depois do adeus", John Kennedy O'Connor describes it as "the only Eurovision entry to have actually started a revolution", while Des Mangan suggests that other Portuguese entries (he mentions 1998's "Se Eu Te Pudesse Abraar") would not be likely to inspire coups. Sweden won the contest with a score of 24 points, representing just 15% of the possible available vote. Such a low percentage has never been achieved since, but it is still higher than the 12% achieved by each of the four winners in 1969. This was the first time when four countries came last with a point. (In 1962, 1963, 1964, and 1965, four countries had come last without a point). | 105

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