FC: BF132044 Slavery Assignment World cultures
1: The Trans-Atlantic slave trade started when Europeans introduced slavery on a massive scale. At the height of the slave trade in the 1700s, up to 60,000 Africans a year were packed into the airless holds of slave ships. Many did not survive the journey across the Atlantic, due to the poor and inhuman treatment they received on the boats.
2: As the demand for slaves grew, so did the amount of profits earned from slave trading. Around the 1600's a trade network, with slaves as the goods, connected Europe, the Americas, and Map of one of the routes
3: The Europeans relied on African rulers to supply them with slaves. They payed with guns and other goods for slaves, Armed with guns African slave traders attacked villages, taking many people as prisoners. Most if not all of the captives resisted but only a few escaped.
4: Once the slaves were put on the ship, some tried to star rebellions. Some jumped off the boat to avoid a life of slavery. Most died from diseases that spread rapidly in the filthy crowded conditions of a ship's hold. The trans Atlantic slave trade lasted about 400 years. During that time, as many as 2 to 3 million Africans died.
5: After the slave trade ended in 1807, for Britain. The British convinced other nations to accept the ban. However many people broke the law and continued to ship Africans to the Americas illegally. Also the ban on slave trade did not end slavery. Under pressure from abolitionists, Britain passed a law banning slavery in its empire in 1833. Slavery which helped cause the Civil War, continued in the United States until 1865.
6: The effects of slavery Impacted Africa even after the slavery bans. Instead of Needing slaves European nations started needing Africa's raw materials for their factories. Some parts of Africa had little or no impact from the slave trade. While other parts it disrupted whole societies. Sometimes the slave trade encouraged wars and increased tensions among the neighboring peoples. In west Africa for example, the rulers of the Ashanti and Dahomey attacked their neighbors to take slaves. They exchanged slaves for guns which they used to dominate trade and build strong states. When slave raiders attacked small communities, economic life suffered. Raiders seized healthy young men and women. Without strong hands to plant and harvest, the community faced disaster. No one Knows how many small communities may have disappeared in this way.
7: Photo links page 1: http://www.marinersmuseum.org/sites/micro/captivepassage/photos/lg_inln2001-75-1albanez.jpg page 2: http://www.library.vcu.edu/jbc/speccoll/slavery/images/VMThomasTransAtlanticSlaveMap2.jpg page 3: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/The_inspection_and_sale_of_a_slave.jpg page 4: http://abolition.e2bn.org/library/0711/0000/0045/1009509mida_360.jpg page 5: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5e/BLAKE10.JPG/170px-BLAKE10.JPG