BC: http://www.ushistory.org/betsy/flagfact.html http://www.pbs.org/capitolfourth/flag.html http://www.usflag.org/history/flagevolution.html google.images
FC: The History of the American Flag
1: This flag is known as the "Continental Colours"
2: It is also known as the "Grand Union Flag" and is historically known as the United State's first national flag.
3: Because this flag still represented Great Britain with the canton in the upper left hand corner, some Americans did not support this design of the flag. It is believed that Congressman Francis Hopkinson designed a new flag. It was then made by a Philadelphian seamstress, Betsy Ross.
4: In May 1776, this was the flag that Betsy Ross had sewn from the Congressman's design.
5: On this flag, there were thirteen stars to represent the thirteen colonies that made up the United States at that point in time.
6: Since there was no official design for this flag, there were different ways that people would adjust the stars.
7: Although the positions of the stars were constantly changed, according to the maker of each individual flag, the seven red and six white stripes remained constant for quite some time.
8: On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress resolved that "the flag of the United States be made of thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation."
9: Years later, on August 3, 1949, President Truman commemorated the occasion by officially declaring June 14 as Flag Day.
10: In 1795, Vermont and Kentucky joined the Union. This changed the flag to having fifteen stars and fifteen stripes.
11: In 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote the "Star Spangled Banner" at the 25 hour battle at Fort McHenry in Baltimore. The flag survived the shelling from the British, even after much else was destroyed. It officially became our national anthem in 1831.
12: On April 14, 1818 an act was passed to regulate the image of the flag, which provided for 13 stripes and one star for each state.
13: After the admission of each new state, a star would be added to the flag on the next Fourth of July.
14: Because of this act, in 1818 the first flag to stick with 13 strips instead of the number of states was created. The flag had 20 stars and 13 strips.
15: Stars kept being added to the flag until we reached the fifty states that we have today, and the thirteen stripes remained constant.
16: The colors in the American Flag are also symbolic. Red symbolizes hardiness and valor, white symbolizes purity and innocence, and blue represents vigilance, perseverance and justice
17: New Year's Day January 1 Inauguration Day January 20 Washington's Birthday February 22 Mother's Day Second Sunday in May Memorial Day May 30 Father's Day Third Sunday in Jun Labor Day First Monday in September Columbus Day October 12 Thanksgiving Day Fourth Thursday in November | Martin Luther King's Birthday January 15 Lincoln's Birthday February 12 Easter Sunday Varies Armed Forces Day Third Saturday in May Flag Day June 14 Independence Day July 4 Citizenship Day September 17 Veteran's Day November 11 Christmas Day December 25