S: Rome to Venice September 2011
FC: Rome to Venice September 2011
1: We flew into Rome on the 15th of September 2011, We hired a car from the airport and traveled just under 1700 kilometers before returning the car in Venice ten days later. From Rome we traveled to Naples to visit Pompeii, Then to Rome again for a tour of the Vatican, next we traveled up the coast to Pisa and across to Florance. From Florance we went to Verona and finally onto Venice.
3: The Trevi fountain is at the ending part of the Aqua Virgo, an aqueduct constructed in 19 BC. It brings water all the way from the Salone Springs (approx 20km from Rome) and supplies the fountains in the historic center of Rome with water. The central figure of the fountain, in front of a large niche, is Neptune, god of the sea. He is riding a chariot in the shape of a shell, pulled by two sea horses. Each sea horse is guided by a Triton. One of the horses is calm and obedient, the other one restive. They symbolize the fluctuating moods of the sea. | Legend has it you will return to Rome if you throw a coin into the water. You should toss it over your shoulder with your back to the fountain.
5: Streets of Rome at night, Roman architecture and an old Fiat 600. 15th of September
7: The Colosseum Originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater
12: Pompeii It was the 24th August in the year 79 A.D. A heavy shower of ash, lapilli and lava from the volcano began to rain down onto the city. All was buried beneath a thick blanket of volcanic material to a depth of several metres. The inhabitants, who for the most part fled in the direction of the coast, were suffocated by the fumes of the gases, others met death in their own homes. The city has re-emerged from the darkness of centuries precisely as it would have been when it was unexpectedly buried in the eruption of Vesuvius. The scale of the tragedy was appalling: in what had been one of the most active and splendid Roman centres, life came to a permanent standstill.
14: In Pompeii we find bakeries and mills, often attached to warehouses for storing grain. In general all the workshops are adjacent to the house of their owner, thus making it more convenient for him to do his job and allowing him to involve his entire family and servants in the enterprise as well
15: Pompeii shows the typical topography of a Roman city with roads that intersect at right angles creating a grid pedestrian crossings located at the road junctions: these consist of very large stones placed crosswise along the streets: people were able to walk on them and so avoid getting their feet wet in case of rain.
16: Above:Mount Vesuvius Today two million people live in the immediate vicinity of Mount Vesuvius. This mountain has erupted more than 50 times since the eruption in 79 A.D., when it buried Pompeii Right: The Amphiteatre capable of holding up to 12,000 spectators It hosted all the circus shows and the gladiatorial games, Pompeians devoted most of their spare time to these performances.It was equipped with a velarium, that is a cover which was stretched over the complex in case of rain: the rings to which the canopy was fixed can still be seen.
19: Italian Autumn 20th September 2011
22: The statues portray Michelangelo (left) and Raphael (right) supporting the coat-of-arms of Pius XI. | The Vatican Museums originated as a group of sculptures collected by Pope Julius II (1503-1513) and placed within the museum complex. The popes were among the first sovereigns who opened the art collections of their palaces to the public thus promoting knowledge of art history and culture.
23: Vatican museum Gallery of Tapestries
24: The frescoed Raphael Rooms were the central, and the largest, work of Raphael's career. The pictorial decoration was executed by Raphael and his school between 1508 and 1524.
26: Michelangelo's Piet It is an important work as it balances the Renaissance ideals of classical beauty with naturalism. The statue is one of the most highly finished works by Michelangelo. It is the only piece Michelangelo ever signed The work was damaged on May 21, 1972 (Pentecost Sunday) when a mentally disturbed geologist named Laszlo Toth walked into the chapel and attacked the sculpture with a geologist's hammer while shouting "I am Jesus Christ." Onlookers took many of the pieces of marble that flew off. Later, some pieces were returned, but many were not, including Mary's nose, which had to be reconstructed from a block cut out of her back. After the attack, the work was painstakingly restored and returned to its place in St. Peter's, just to the right of the entrance, between the Holy door and the altar of Saint Sebastian, and is now protected by a bullet-proof acrylic glass panel.
27: The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel The scheme proposed by the pope was for twelve large figures of the Apostles to occupy the pendentives. However Michelangelo negotiated for a grander, much more complex scheme and was finally permitted, in his own words, "to do as I liked". His scheme for the ceiling eventually comprised some three hundred figures and took four years to execute
28: Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano
31: The leaning tower of Pisa weighs 14,500 tonnes The tower took over 800 years to completely finish - With the final modifications to the tower made in the early 21 st century, the entire process took over 800 years.It was "completed" in 1350 (over 200 years after its initial construction), but has undergone constant additions and modifications since that date. Europe 's most famous monument was the result of a slight miscalculation - Although many factors have contributed to the lean, the decision of where to build the tower resulted in the original tilt of the tower. It is located in the Piazza Dei Miracoli - The "field of miracles" It was upright for five years upon completion of its initial construction - Having only two floors, no one was aware of any problem with the tower. Upon the addition of the third floor the tower began to lean. Once the tower began to lean the construction was halted for 100 years. During this time, engineers hoped that the clay beneath the tower would settle and harden enough to permit further construction. Giovanni di Simone continued where the tower had left off, adding four additional floors to the tower. Fortunately, and despite his efforts, he was unable to correct the lean. A bad idea made the lean worse - Alessandro Della Gherardesca tried to show the world the intricately decorated base of the tower by digging a walkway around the base. You can imagine the resulting disaster when his workers struck water, flooding the ditches. Mussolini tried to fix the tower - Embarrassed of the tower, and calling it a disgrace to national pride, he attempted to fix the tower by way of a cement counterweight drilled into the base of the tower. It didn't work.
33: Located in the central Italian region of Tuscany, Florence is celebrated as the birthplace of the Renaissance, The city is home to many of its most famous artistic treasures.
34: This building, originally dating back to the 12th century, was owned for a long period by the Dal Cappello family, Identification of the name Cappello with that of Capuleti began the popular belief - already widespread during the last century - that this was the home of Juliet, mythical heroine of the Shakespeare play, set in Scaligeri Verona. | Inspired by a bestselling romantic novel, I Want You, the 2006 novel by Federico Moccia, couples are writing their names on the padlock, swearing eternal love and throwing the keys into the canal.
36: As Venice grew in popularity as a tourist destination through the middle ages the city became known as a pleasure palace. During this period the popularity of masks grew as prominent social figures dawned disguises to conceal their identities as they performed unscrupulous and immoral acts in pursuit of carnal pleasures. During the 16th through 18th century Venetian Masks became the signature of the Commedia Dell'arte. The Commedia Dell'arte were popular plays in the form of improvisational theater that were performed by theater companies that traveled the Italian peninsula producing comedies involving the topics of adultery, jealousy, and love.
38: Murano glass is a famous product of the Venetian island of Murano. Located off the shore of Venice, Murano’s reputation as a center for glassmaking was born when the Venetian Republic, fearing fire and destruction of the city’s mostly wooden buildings, ordered glassmakers to move their foundries to Murano in 1291.