S: Socrates: What was the truth?
BC: The Death of Socrates | Socrates was put on trial for impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. On trial, he did not try to explain his principles or persuade the jury to pardon him. After convicted, his followers urged him to flea. However, Socrates firmly believed in his philosophy and Socrates was executed by drinking hemlock. This was the first death from free speech. Socrates revealed the truth, but it seemed like the people of Athens couldn't handle the truth.
FC: Socrates was a teacher philosopher and thinker. He pursued the truth by enabling his students to think for themselves. Socrates would have discussions with the aristocrats of Athens as he constantly questioning their confidence in the truth of popular opinions. Eventually, he payed the ultimate price by being put to death. By using his of critical methods of reasoning and his consistent commitment to truth, Socrates set the standard for all Western philosophy.
1: Socrates lived from 469 to 399 BC. Socrates spent much of his adult life in the agora conversing with Athenians about ethical issues. He had an urge to expose ignorance, hypocrisy, and biased opinions among his fellow Athenians, particularly in regard to moral questions. This caused him to be disliked by most of them. All of his methods of the search of truth would cause him to die prematurely.
2: He taught his students that education was vital to personal growth. Socrates did not use memorization as a teaching tool. However, he proposed that his students should be trained to thinks for themselves. He asked questions that forced students to evaluate his/her own ideas. Socrates taught his students by questioning them extensively which became known as the Socratic Method. Although he was praised by some, Socrates had powerful enemies and many his questions often made public officials look foolish. He criticized Greek democracy, by saying that unskilled people should not hold positions of power. | Socrates: The Teacher
3: The Socratic Method | Socrates was convinced that disciplined practice of thoughtful questioning enabled the students to examine ideas logically and to be able to determine the validity of those ideas. Also known as the dialectical approach, this type of questioning corrected misconceptions and lead to reliable knowledge construction. In Socrates' pursuit of the truth, he allowed others to find it as well through his teachings and principles.
4: The Socratic Syllogism | Syllogism is used to prove that a statement is true. The Socratic syllogism stated that: 1. All men are mortal. 2. Socrates is a man. 3. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.
5: This method is used in our time by the geometrical law of syllogism. This law states that p->q, q->r, then p->r. The law of syllogism is the exact same as the Socratic syllogism. | How Socratic methods of finding the truth visible today.