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Europe 2011

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Europe 2011 - Page Text Content

S: EUROPE 2011

BC: Europe 2011 - Itinerary Day 1 - April 20, 2011 - London, England Day 2 - April 21, 2011 - London, England Day 3 - April 22, 2011 - London, Stonehenge, Bath & Bristol, England Day 4 - April 23, 2011 - Liverpool & York, England Day 5 - April 24, 2011 - Windermere, Keswick, & Lake District, England Day 6 - April 25, 2011 - Gretna Green, Scotland, Hadrian's Wall, England & Edinburgh, Scotland Day 7 - April 26, 2011 - Arthur's Seat in Holyrod Park & Edinburgh, Scotland Day 8 - April 27, 2011 - St Andrews & Highlands, Scotland Day 9 - April 28, 2011 - Loch Ness & Highlands, Scotland Day 10 - April 29, 2011 - Highlands, Stirling Castle, & Glasgow, Sctoland Day 11 - April 30, 2011 - Dublin, Ireland Day 12 - May 1, 2011 - Belfast, Giant's Causeway, Derry, N Ireland Day 13 - May 2, 2011 - Galway, Ireland Day 14 - May 3, 2011 - Aran Islands, Ireland Day 15 - May 4, 2011 - Cliffs of Moher, Blarney Castle & Cork, Ireland Day 16 - May 5, 2011 - Cobh, Rock of Cashel, & Kilkenny, Ireland Day 17 - May 6, 2011 - Guinness Storehouse & Dublin, Ireland Day 18 - May 7, 2011 - Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, Wales & London, England By: Jennifer Elliott

FC: Europe 2011 | Scotland | England | Ireland Rep. | N. Ireland

1: London England | Let the Adventure Begin

2: May God Grant To The Living - Grace To The Departed - Rest To The Church & The World - Peace and Concord And To Us Sinners Eternal Life | Westminster Abbey c.1090 | DAY 1

3: Victoria Tower, 1858 | Big Ben, 1858 | The Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses of Parliament

4: Classic London Icons | London Eye | The National Gallery, London | Nelson's Column, Trafalgar Square | Horse Guard, London | London Eye

5: Tate Modern Museum | Millennium Bridge leading to St. Paul's Cathedral | Golden Jubilee Bridge

6: St James Park | London's Underground a.k.a the tube

7: The Royal Mews 1820 | Buckingham Palace 1705 | DAY 2

8: The Whispering Dome St. Paul's Cathedral 1675-1710 | Tower Bridge over the River Thames c.1894

9: Hamley's Toy Store London, England | Oxford Street | Picadilly Circus

10: St Thomas' Tower c.1279 | The White Tower c.1078 | Waterloo Barracks c.1845 where The Royal Jewels are housed | Royal Guard

11: The White Tower built by William the Conqueror | The White Tower | Yeoman aka Beefeater

12: DAY 3

13: Stonehenge, England c.2600 BC

16: Bath Abbey church founded in 1499 | Cornish Pasty, a tradition not to be missed

17: Roman Baths | Britain's only hot spring, was discovered in 836 BC, the Romans built a magnificent temple and bathing complex that still flows with natural hot water.

18: St Mary Radcliffe Church, Bristol England Constructed between the 12th & 15th centuries | On Good Friday 11 April 1941 this tramline was thrown over the adjoining houses by a high explosive bomb which fell on Radcliffe Hill. It is left to remind us how narrowly the church escaped destruction in the war 1939-1945. I felt it was moving that we were here on Good Friday 70 years later

19: Liverpool, England Home of the Beatles | DAY 4

20: The Old Stone Walls of York, England | Monk Bar / Monkgate this four-story gatehouse is the tallest and most elaborate of the four gates, and was built in the early 14th century. | Monk Bar

21: York Minster & A Map of The Old City of York, England | The Nave of York Minster York Minster is a Gothic cathedral in York, England and is one of the largest of its kind in Northern Europe. c1250

22: "The Shambles" Europe's best preserved medieval street. York, England | Overhanging timber-framed buildings project out over the lane in their upper stories, as if trying to meet their neighbours across the alley. | Some of these buildings date back as far as the fourteenth century. As recently as 1872 there were twenty-five butchers' shops in the street but now there are none.

23: Lake Windermere, England | DAY 5 | Windermere is the largest natural lake in England. It has been one of the country's most popular places for holidays and summer homes since 1847

24: Keswick Activity Centre, High Ropes Course Keswick, Egland

25: Castlerigg Stone Circle Keswick, Egland c.3000 BC

26: Goodbye | England | DAY 6

27: Hello Scotland!!! | Hairy Coos

28: Gretna Green, Scotland | For over 250 years, young lovers have made their way to Gretna Green, where they get married in a hurry under Scotland's lenient marriage laws. Many tales recall lovers arriving in Gretna Green after days on the road, with an angry father in hot pursuit, trying to intercept the couple before the marriage could take place.

29: Hadrian's Wall, England Hadrian's Wall was built, beginning in 122 AD, to keep Roman Britain safe from hostile attacks from the Picts. It was the northernmost boundary of the Roman empire until early in the fifth century. The wall, stretching from the North Sea to the Irish Sea, was 80 Roman miles long, 8-10 feet wide, and 15 feet high.

30: The Elliots have existed as a Clan with a recognized Chief at least from the time of King Robert the Bruce (1306-1329) to the present day. | The Famous Scottish Haggis Haggis is a dish containing sheep's 'pluck' (heart, liver and lungs), minced with onion, oatmeal, suet, spices, and salt, mixed with stock, and traditionally simmered in the animal's stomach for approximately three hours. Most modern commercial haggis is prepared in a casing rather than an actual stomach

31: View across Edinburgh. Edinburgh Castle with Arthur's Seat in the Back Ground Edinburgh, Scotland | DAY 7

32: Sunrise from Arthur's Seat, Edinburgh, Scotland

35: This European Magpie decided to come and check us out. It was a very majestic & beautiful experience. It is believed that Magpie's are among the most intelligent of birds, and among the most intelligent of all animals.

36: British Airways' Concorde is one of only 20 aircraft built as a turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner. First flown in 1969, Concorde entered service in 1976 and continued commercial flights for 27 years. Concorde flew regular transatlantic flights from London Heathrow (British Airways) and Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport (Air France) to New York JFK, profitably flying these routes at record speeds, in less than half the time of other airliners.

43: Edinburgh Castle, Scotland

44: A view of Arthur's Seat from Edinburgh Castle | Edinburgh Castle | Edinburgh Castle has dominated its surroundings with majesty for centuries. Built on steep volcanic rock, the castle naturally well defended. Buildings of the present castle date from the 12th to 21st centuries. Although it was captured and recaptured several times during the Wars of Independence with England and greatly damaged during the 16th-century Lang Siege, it still retains important structures from its medieval past.

46: Half-Moon Battery | Half-Moon Battery | Argyle Battery | Mons Meg

47: Scottish National War Memorial | Scottish National War Memorial | Foog's Gate | Argyle Tower | Royal Palace | Scottish National War Memorial | St Margaret's Chapel

48: Greyfriars Bobby was a Skye Terrier who became known in 19th-century Edinburgh after spending 14 years guarding the grave of his owner, John Gray, until he died himself on 14 January 1872. | St Giles' Cathedral, also known as the High Kirk of Edinburgh. The present church dates from the late 14th century and has been one of Edinburgh's religious focal points for approximately 900 years | Monument to the Royal Scots Greys at Princes Street Gardens, Edinburgh. The monument was originally erected in honour of the fallen of the Royal Scots Greys during the Boer War

49: Scott Monument,1840, is a Victorian Gothic monument to Scottish author Sir Walter Scott. | Edinburgh, Scotland

50: St Andrews Cathedral, c.1158 | DAY 8

51: St Andrews Castle, c.1200 | Coastal Royal Burgh of St Andrews on the North Sea | Touching the North Sea | St Andrews, Scotland

52: St Andrew is the Home of Golf. The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews is one of the oldest and most prestigious golf clubs in the world c.1700s

53: Scottish | Highlands

54: Searching for Nessie, Loch Ness | DAY 9

55: Finding Urquhart Castle, It is not known precisely when the castle was built, but records show the existence of a castle on this site from the early 13th century. In its day Urquhart Castle was one of the largest strongholds of medieval Scotland, splendidly situated on a headland overlooking Loch Ness. It is near this castle that the majority of Nessie sightings occur.

56: The Still Waters of Loch Alsh

57: Eilean Donan Castle, on Loch Alsh The castle was founded in the 13th century, but was destroyed in the 18th century. The present buildings are the result of 20th century reconstruction. Eilean Donan Castle is the home of the Clan Macrae.

59: Black Cuillin Mountains on the Isle of Skye | "In Memory of the Officers and men of the Commandos who died in the Second World War 1939 - 1945. This Country was their Training Ground." Scotland | Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in the British Isles | I can sympathize with this guy, he's taken his shoe off to rub his sore feet. Ben Nevis, Scotland

60: Massacre of Glencoe, Scotland, UK Early in the morning of 13 February 1692 an infamous massacre took place in Glencoe, in the Highlands of Scotland. Thirty-eight MacDonalds from the Clan MacDonald of Glencoe were killed by the guests who had accepted their hospitality, on the grounds that the MacDonalds had not been prompt in pledging allegiance to the new monarchs, William and Mary. Another forty women and children died of exposure after their homes were burned. | DAY 10

62: Erskine Church, Stirling, Scotland

63: Stirling Castle, Scotland c.1110

64: King Robert the Bruce Monument outside of Stirling Castle. Robert the Bruce was one of Scotland's greatest kings, as well as one of the most famous warriors of his generation, eventually leading Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence against the Kingdom of England | The first record of Stirling Castle dates from around 1110, when King Alexander I dedicated a chapel here. View from Stirling Castle to the National Wallace Monument across the grounds where the Battle of Stirling Bridge occurred.

65: National Wallace Monument, Stirling, Scotland 1869 | William Wallace took his campaign for freedom into battle and on to victory at The Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297. The William Wallace Monument overlooks the scene of The Battle of Stirling Bridge. | Sir William Wallace was one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence. | Glasgow, Scotland | An equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington (1844) outside the Gallery of Modern Art. The statue usually has a traffic cone on its head; for many years the authorities regularly removed cones, only for them to be replaced. | The Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA) is the main gallery of contemporary art in Glasgow, Scotland.

66: Galsgow Cathedral | Union Jack flag c 1801 | The first stone Glasgow Cathedral was dedicated in the presence of King David I in 1136. The present building was consecrated in 1197. Since that same period the Cathedral has never been unroofed and the worship of God has been carried out within its walls for more than 800 years.

67: High Street, the red sandstone apartments were constructed in the late-Victorian era by the Civic Improvement Trust | George Square & Glasgow City Chambers | Equestrian statue of Prince Albert in George Square 1866 | Equestrian statue of Queen Victoria stands in George Square 1854 | This building was erected to commemorate the 63 years illustrious reign of Queen Victoria, the work was commenced in the year 1905 and completed in 1915, Glasgow Royal Infirmary

68: DAY 11 | St Stephen's Green, Dublin, Ireland | Welcome to Ireland

69: Parliament Square in Trinity College Campus, with the Campanile (Bell Tower) which stands nearly a hundred feet tall and was built in 1853 - it has become one of the most iconic images of Trinity College and Dublin. | The Book of Kells is by far the Library's most famous book and is located in the Old Library of Trinity College. The Book of Kells is an illuminated manuscript Gospel book in Latin, containing the four Gospels of the New Testament together with various prefatory texts and tables. It was created by Celtic monks ca. 800 or slightly earlier. It is also widely regarded as Ireland's finest national treasure. Dublin, Ireland | Wolfe Tone Memorial in St Stephen's Park. Theobald Wolfe Tone commonly known as Wolfe Tone, was a leading figure in the United Irishmen Irish independence movement and is regarded as the father of Irish republicanism | Great Famine was a period of mass starvation, disease and emigration between 1845 and 1852. It is also known, mostly outside Ireland, as the Irish Potato Famine. In the Irish language it is called an Gorta Mór meaning "the Great Hunger". During the famine approximately 1 million people died and a million more emigrated from Ireland, causing the island's population to fall by between 20% and 25%. The proximate cause of famine was a potato disease commonly known as potato blight. Although blight ravaged potato crops throughout Europe during the 1840s, the impact and human cost in Ireland — where one-third of the population was entirely dependent on the potato for food—was exacerbated by a host of political, social and economic factors which remain the subject of historical debate.

70: Merrion Park Dublin, Ireland | Merrion Square South is a Georgian square on the southside of Dublin city centre. It was laid out after 1762 and was largely complete by the beginning of the 19th century. It is considered one of the city's finest surviving squares. Three sides are lined with Georgian redbrick townhouses

71: DAY 12 | Driving along the NorthWestern Coast of Northern Ireland | Stunning cliffs where the Western coast of Ireland is falling into the Ocean

72: Belfast City Hall c.1906

73: The building of the RMS Titanic. The largest passenger steamship in the world at the time, the Olympic-class RMS Titanic was owned by the White Star Line and constructed at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland, UK. After setting sail on her maiden voyage to New York City on 10 April 1912 with 2,223 people on board, she hit the iceberg four days into the crossing, at 11:40 pm on 14 April 1912, and sank at 2:20 am the following morning. The resulting deaths of 1,517 people is one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history. The high casualty rate resulting from the sinking was due in part to the fact that, although complying with the regulations of the time, the ship carried lifeboats for only 1,178 people. A disproportionate number of men died due to the "women and children first" protocol that was enforced by the ship's crew.

77: The Legend of Giant's Causeway Fionn MacCool, was no ordinary giant. He was the biggest and the strongest giant in all Ireland. His voice could be heard for miles around. He was so strong that he could lift a hundred men in one of his enormous hands. Fionn lived with his wife in the hills of County Antrim. Fionn’s wife was called Oonagh. One day a messenger came to Fionn’s home. He had come all the way from Scotland with news for Fionn. The messenger told Fionn that a Scottish giant called Benandonner wanted to fight him. Benandonner wanted to show that he was stronger than any giant in Ireland. Fionn had never seen Benandonner before, but he knew that he was the biggest giant in Scotland. Fionn was not afraid. The next day, Fionn began to build a path across the sea to Scotland. This path was called the causeway. It was made of thousands of rocks. Fionn built many miles of the causeway with his great hands. When Benandonner heard about Fionn’s causeway, he decided to build the Scottish end of the causeway himself. For weeks the two giants worked hard at building the causeway. One morning Fionn was in the forest near his home. He saw his wife coming towards him. He ran over to her. She said to him, “I have heard that Benandonner is the biggest and the strongest giant in all the world. He is twice as big as you and twice as strong!” Fionn was very worried. “I cannot fight a giant that is twice my size!” That night as the sun was setting, he heard a knock on the door. It was the messenger. “Benandonner wants to fight you tomorrow at sunrise,” he told Fionn. “Yes, of course,” replied Fionn. Once the messenger had left Fionn and Oonagh went into the bedroom and took the blankets off the bed. Fionn and Oonagh worked through the night. They cut the blankets and made giant baby clothes. Fionn put on the baby clothes and got into a giant cradle. At sunrise the next morning, Oonagh heard a loud knock on the door. Benandonner asked if Fionn was home. Oonagh told him that he was gone for a walk and that he would be back soon. She invited him in. It was not long before Benandonner heard a baby cry. He asked whom it was, pointing to the cradle. Oonagh said, “That’s young Fionn, our baby. Benandonner thought that if this is the size of their baby, how big would Fionn be? Then he ran out of the home as fast as he could. He ran across the causeway destroying it as he went as he was afraid that Fionn might follow him.

78: Derry, N. Ireland is the only remaining completely intact walled city in Ireland and one of the finest examples of a walled city in Europe. The walls constitute the largest monument in State care in Northern Ireland and, as the last walled city to be built in Europe, stands as the most complete and spectacular. The Walls were built during the period 1613-1619 are completely intact and form a walkway around the inner city.

79: The city walls provide a unique promenade to view the layout of the original town which still preserves its Renaissance style street plan. It is one of the few cities in Europe that never saw its fortifications breached, withstanding several sieges including one in 1689 which lasted 105 days.

80: Derry or Londonderry, Northern Ireland. In 1613 the city of Derry was granted a Royal Charter by King James I and the “London” prefix was added, changing the city name to Londonderry. The name “Derry” is preferred by nationalists and is broadly used throughout Northern Ireland’s Catholic community, as well as that of the Republic of Ireland, whereas many unionists prefer “Londonderry”. | During the Irish War of Independence, the area was rocked by sectarian violence, partly prompted by the guerrilla war raging between the Irish Republican Army and British forces, but also influenced by economic and social pressures. By mid 1920 there was severe sectarian rioting in the city.

81: A civil rights demonstration in 1968 led by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association was banned by the Government and blocked using force by the Royal Ulster Constabulary. The events that followed the August 1969 Apprentice Boys parade resulted in the Battle of the Bogside, when Catholic rioters fought the police, leading to widespread civil disorder in Northern Ireland and is often dated as the starting point of the Troubles. | Northern Ireland contains arguably the most famous political murals. Almost 2,000 murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the 1970s. The murals tend to represent one side's political point of view, or commemorate an event or person(s) involved in the history of Northern Ireland, particularly during the Troubles. | On Sunday January 30, 1972, 13 unarmed civilians were shot dead by British paratroopers during a civil rights march in the Bogside area. Another 13 were wounded and one further man later died of his wounds. This event came to be known as Bloody Sunday. Memorial Monument to Bloody Sunday.

82: Keywest Busking on the Streets of Galway, Ireland | Ireland's Cultural Heart. Galway, Ireland | Salmon Fishing on River Corrib. Galway, Ireland | DAY 13

83: DAY 14 | Aran Islands (Inis Mor Island) | Dún Aonghasa is situated on the cliff side or south side of Inismór. It is a semi circular stone fort over looking the Atlantic. It is deemed to be one of the best examples of its kind in Europe. Archaeologists, scholars and tourists come here from all over the world and it is likely to be given the official status of a world heritage site in the near future. A 14 acre site the fort consists of three terraced walls surrounding an inner enclosure containing a platform on the edge of a 300 ft (91 m) high cliff. The views from it are breathtakingly spectacular. Excavations carried out in the 1990s indicated that people had been living at the hill top from c.1500 BC with the first walls and dwelling houses being erected c.1100 BC.

89: DAY 15 | Cliffs of Moher, Ireland. The Cliffs are 700 ft (214 m) high at the highest point and range for 8 kilometres over the Atlantic Ocean on the western seaboard of County Clare.

90: O' Brien Tower The Cliffs of Mohr, Ireland built in 1835

91: At the top of the castle lies the Stone of Eloquence, better known as the Blarney Stone. Tourists visiting Blarney Castle may hang upside-down over a sheer drop to kiss the stone, which is said to give the gift of eloquence. | Blarney Castle, Ireland 1446

92: Blarney Castle, Ireland

93: DAY 16 | Rock of Cashel, Ireland c.1100

94: Celtic Crosses (high cross or standing cross) are free-standing Christian crosses that are carved out of stone and richly decorated. The crosses often feature a stone ring around the intersection

95: Dublin Castle, Ireland c.1204 | St Patrick's Cathedral. Dublin, Ireland. c.1191 | DAY 17

96: Christ Church Cathedral. Dublin, Ireland c.1030

97: Guinness Storehouse St James's Gate Brewery Dublin, Ireland | Arthur Guinness was the founder of the Guinness brewery. In 1759, Guinness went to the city and set up his own business. He took a 9,000 year lease on the 4-acre brewery at St. James's Gate from Mark Rainsford for an annual rent of 45 pounds.

98: Ha'Penny Bridge over the River Liffey, Dublin, Ireland | Parnell Monument Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish parliamentarian & campaigner for Land Rights and Home Rule for Ireland. Located at the junction of O'Connell Street & Parnell Street in Dublin city center. The four provinces of Ireland Ulster, Connact, Leinster, & Munster. These provinces are inclusive of Northern Ireland (UK) and Republic of Ireland. Dublin, Ireland | Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, Wales, UK | DAY 18

99: TG Dave | Megan | BD Petey | Ashlea | Christy | BD Petey | TG Dave | Elby | Elby | Lucy | Elby | Jean | Jess | Cristina | Ashlea & Hayley | Cristina | Cristina | Lucy | Elby | BD Petey | Christy | Jordan | Hayley

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