S: My Scrapbook
FC: Fort William Henry Scrapbook :) By: Megan McCane | Thats Me!! | That's Alyssa!!
1: " The Bloody Morning Scout" | Colonel William Johnson set out to reinforce Fort Edward with 1,000 regulars and Indians. War Chief; Theyanoquin led the Iroquois and Mohawks and became the first causality of the French ambush. He was shot from his horse then bayonetted and scalped. 50 + victims were killed before the answering shot could be fired. The Attack brought back the help of the British canons being brought to Fort Edward. Summaries list 339 French and 331 English casualties. British Held the ground, English victory was deemed upon. | This is a mini replica. of "The BLoody Morning scout"
2: The Old Fort's Well: 1756-1757 | At the north end of Fort William Henry was a well originally built by Rogers Rangers in 1756.When the fort was destroyed, years after, the very top of the well might have been jutting out of the top of the ruins. Eventually, the upper part of the well was excavated by archaeologists in the late 1950’s. The archaeologists gave up because of how deep the well was dug, it was too dangerous. Starting in the 1960’s, tourists would throw their own artifacts into the well, causing the well to become 4 inches of souvenirs each year; including coins as well. The artifacts found in the well turned out to change the history of Lake George. The Layers of item found in the well were, the top layer consisted of coins, the next layer h ad Pine Cones and branches in it, and the last layer included musket balls, gunflint, and bits of pottery and glass that were dropped in the well in 1756 and 1757. | This is a picture of the sign i got most of this information on. Unfortanutely i could not get a picture of the well or the full image of this.
3: Weapons Of the Fort | The Fort had many different weapons and ammunition to keep unknown visitors away from destroying the fort. A couple of the muskets and guns used were Cap lock Musket (On Top shelf in Picture), Cap lock shotgun (On 2 shelves down). Also remains of Indian Artifacts, Rocks , and materials were found from this battle. An Indian Bow was often made and used as well as a tomahawk.
4: Helpful, and useful Items of the Fort | There were: -Cornhusk dolls -Cornhusk moccasins -Shards found underneath the Fort -Jack’s Reef Corded Collar -Wickman Punctate -Cornhusk Containers -St. Lawrence Pseudo Scallop Shell -Pottery Fragments -Split Ash Basket
5: 18th Century Medicine | The medicine of The Fort was primitive. There was a lack of knowledge on how to treat and care for certain diseases. The lack of knowledge was because the medicine science had not been progressed yet. If someone was wounded or ill the recovery would depend on the person’s inner ability to heal more than treatment. At this point in time surgeons weren’t required to have a medical degree or diploma. This time period, bacteria and viruses weren’t heard of. Physicians discouraged the practice of daily washing and bathing. The sanitation of the fort was very poor; people described the fort dirty and filthy. Soldiers often asked to march outside to get fresh air from the “mess”. Physical activity was known to keep people healthy. When one person got an illness it spread rapidly because there wasn’t a true understanding of medicines like the document stated before. In 1756, smallpox spread rapidly throughout this area and killer lives of people daily. A seriously wounded limb was torn off by a surgeon instruments and patients were NOT given anesthesia .Soldiers bit on musket balls to try and manage the pain.
6: Adirondack Pond Life | In this picture, they are the different types of fish that are all over the Adirondack region. (From top to bottom, left to right) -Northern Pike: 1-7 lbs. frequently caught 8-12 libs. -Pickerel: 15-22”, can reach 3-5 lbs. -Wall eye pike: 2-3 lbs. frequently caught 4-9 lbs. -Brown trout: average up to 6 lbs. -Brook trout: 8-14” in streams up to 15” in ponds -Largemouth bass: frequently caught 5-9lbs. -Small mouth bass: usually 1-3lbs. -White Crappie: about 8” will reach 12” in length -Yellow Perch: 1-2 lbs. -Pumpkinseed sunfish -smelt: 6-8” max. 10” - White sucker -Fathead minnow -Crayfish
7: What Happened?!?!?! | The original Fort William Henry was burned to the ground on August 11-12, 1757 by the French Army. This whole event was led my General Marquis de Montcalm. The main reason he was to burn down the fort was because he didn't want to give the British the opportunity of utilizing the structure as a military fortification in the future. The only remains left of the fort were pieces and beams of wood and other fragments once part of the actual fort. | the picture was too bright and didn't come out all the way so i got the title instead. The exhibit was fascinating
8: French Army Flag | The white banner represented the King of France and the ensign of high ranking commander officer as well.The flour de lis are used by the French to represent perfection, light, and life
9: Prices: | -1 tea pot: 8sh 0 -2 lbs. : 6 sh 3 - 3 cups and sauces : 3 sh 0 - 1 Choc. Cake: 2 sh 6 - 1 spoon : 3 sh 6 -2 qts. milk: 1 sh 8 -1 piece panbean: 2 sh 0 -2 doz. buttons: 3 sh 0 -thread: 1 sh 0 | these prices are so much different then ours today !!