FC: History of Computers | By: Sydney Soppe
1: Calculating devices were invented and used long before the computer devices that we have today. Even before we had all this technology we had math. Blaise Pascal invented a device that used a series of gears and wheels that you turned and after turning the correct answer would be revealed. Pascal created this calculator for his father, who was a store clerk and made large calculations daily.
2: Joseph Jacquard was a weaver who created textiles and cloth that were made into clothing and other important items. The British began to take over the industry from the French, making their cloth faster and less expensive. The French needed to hatch a plan to take back the industry. Jacquard created a loom the would revolutionize the textile industry.He created a system of boards with holes drilled in them that would travel up and over the loom. There was a device that would feel the loom and decide what the color and pattern were. | This device greatly increased the work speed and therefore reduced the manual labor needed to produce the textiles. Before long the French regained their original position in the textile industry. Jacquard invented the method of communicating with computers that we still use today - Binary Code.
3: After the discovery of electricity and its many uses, the idea of using electricity to power math calculators appeared. After Jacquard's loom computers were used in line with electricity. Either it was on or it was off. | These computers took up huge portions of buildings and were gigantic. A programmer would use wires with plugs on the end of them and move them to make the desired calculations. For many years this "mainframe" computer was used. Eventually the wires were permanent and cards with holes punched in them were used. Data was stored on a large reel and fed to the computer's memory.
4: Some companies began to create computers that did tasks that everyday people actually did. Their computers were designed so just one person could use them at a time. Soon people began to write programs to use your checkbook, create a budget, and even wrote game programs. | Scientists soon began to want personal computers and that's what the industry started to produce. The first computer began as a kit you could buy and put together yourself, it was thought that everyday people would never want one.
5: Two men named Steve Job and Steve Wosniak decided to build a computer that was designed for the common consumer. They worked in the garage and built a wooden computer they called "apple".
6: Apple was one of the first companies to design and make personal computers. Their designs were later copied by other companies. In 1984, Apple came out with the Macintosh, which revolutionized idea of a personal computer. Macintosh used a graphics based communication program and a device that pointed to images in the screen called a mouse.
7: How we communicate with the computer became an intense competition for design. G.U.I stands for "Graphic User Interface" which uses a concept of communication through pictures which represent programs and a mouse which communicates with the pictures (icons). Bill Gates started Microsoft designing programs specifically designed for user to computer communication.
8: Each program would open its open box or "window" on the screen and users could switch back and forth between programs. Microsoft is the number one program designing company and their look has changed over the years. Their newest design is even compatible with "touch-screen" computers. | Microsoft released a program called "windows" which not only let the user communicate through these images, but also to open multiple programs t a time. This was called multitasking.
9: The computers we have today are extremely different from what we had even a few years ago. There are no more bulky computers, instead we have tiny ones and so many different models. You can even use your finger as a "touch screen" mouse. We now also have videos in high definition and as computers are getting smaller, the amount of memory storage on them is getting larger. Computers are run on batteries and are now mobile. You can go anywhere and see a computer, they aren't just in our homes anymore. Most people are even carrying on in their pocket everywhere they go.
10: It is up to our young generation to design the new computers. To wow our consumers with the newest and coolest technology. How will we next communicate with our computers? | "What is coming next?" is the question so many people are asking. We can never know yet, but you can bet it's going to be mind-blowing.
11: By: Sydney Soppe PD.1