FC: Homer Plessy
1: Born March 17, 1863 in New Orleans, Louisiana. He was a light-skinned African- American. He was 1/8 black and therefore black per the 1-drop rule.
2: Separate Rail Act of 1890 | In 1890, Louisanna passed the Separate Rail Act. It stated that rail companies in Louisiana must provide separate but equal accommodations for white and non-white passengers.
4: Plessey, a shoemaker, was arrested on June 7, 1892.
5: He violated the Separate Rail Act when he bought a first class ticket and sat in the white railroad car. When Plessy was ordered to leave because he was a black man, he refused. He was then thrown off and arrested.
7: Plessey felt that the law violated the 13th and 14th amendment. The State Supreme Court denied Plessey, saying the law was constitutional, and sent it to the U.S. Supreme Court. The U.S. Supreme Court declared that separate but equal was legal.
9: As people heard about Plessy’s story, a group of black citizens joined forces against the East Louisiana Railroad Company to fight the act.
10: ESP Meter: Economic Effect
11: There were designated cars for whites and separate cars for colored people. If anyone sat in the wrong car, there was a $25 penalty fee or 20 days in jail.
12: Plessy’s case went to the Supreme Court. He argued blacks were treated unequally. The court ruled that he wasn’t treated unequally, just separately. The court said “separate by equal” was constitutional. The ‘separate but equal” ruling by the supreme court is not overturned for 64 years.
13: Social Effect | ESP Meter: Political Effect
14: ESP Meter: Social Effect
15: Colored people where being separated from White people. Colored people were not treated equally. They felt they shouldn’t be discriminated against because of the color of their skin.
16: The Haunting
17: One day a girl was getting a ticket to ride the East Louisiana Railroad. She was walking along the tracks to find her rail car when she heard what she thought was the yelling of a man and the sound of other people. She looked around and saw nothing. She heard it again this time looking in front of her and seeing the ghost a man being drug out of the train car by police. The man was yelling that he should be allowed to ride in the white train car. As she watched, he suddenly disappeared. The ghost of Homer Plessy will rest in peace when all men are judged on their character and not the color of their skin.