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India

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India - Page Text Content

S: Adivasi Of India

BC: 14 | References | Dongria Kondh Marin, L. E. (n.d.). Who the Dongria Kondh are, what Niyamgiri is to them Resources Research. Resources Research. Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://makanaka.wordpress.com/2010/08/26/who-the-dongria-kondh-are-what-niyamgiri-is-to-them/ Rahman, M. (n.d.). India blocks Vedanta mine on Dongria-Kondh tribe's sacred hill | Business | The Guardian . Latest news, comment and reviews from the Guardian | guardian.co.uk . Retrieved April 10, 2011, from http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2010/aug/24/vedanta-mining-industry-india The Dongria Kondh. (n.d.). Survival International. Retrieved April 8, 2011, from www.survivalinternational.org/tribes/dongria/sacredmountain#main location of orissa, orissa tourism, tourist information, temples of orissa, beaches of orissa, wildlife of orissa, festivals of orissa, orissa dance and music. (n.d.). Puri Orissa, Jagannath Dham, Lord Jagannath, Puri jagannath,Puri Ratha Yatra . Retrieved April 8, 2011, from http://www.purionline.com/orissa

FC: Adivasi Of India | Mark, Danielle, Jacqueline

1: 1 | The Khasis inhabit the Khasi Hills, the Syntengs, and the Jaintia Hills. They cover about 50% of Meghalaya’s population. They are of East Asian origin. | The Khasis

2: The Khasis tribe is matriarchal. Unlike regular society, descendant's are recognized by their mothers instead of their fathers and the mother inherits children and property. The women are also able to ask for a divorce at their will.

3: Education is of equal importance to the Khasis people as it is to North American's. The women have specific attire that is worn for school.

4: 4

5: 5 | Dongria Kondh | A Dongria Kondh woman | The tribe is located in the Orissa state | They live on the mountain ranges of Niyamgiri. Their villages are surrounded by forests and hundreds of streams. There are known as the protectors of this area by neighbouring communities. | "The hills are who we are"

6: 6 | Cultural Identity | The Kondha are animistic and give the highest importance to the Earth God (Dharani penu). The Dongrias practice polygamy and the women are considered as equal as men are. The villages are patrilocal however the bride's price is paid out to her parents. | The Dongria Kondh practice polygamy. Both sexes wear hair clips, ear rings neck rings, hand rings made up of brass or iron. They believe that the forests and mountains are their gods and with the loss of them to big companies believe they will die off. | Two ladies with rings and clips | Smoking in the forest

7: 7 | Economy & Colonialism | The Dongria farm the hill slopes, grow crops in among the forest and gather wild fruit and leaves for sale. (Survival International) However, the skill that they are renowned for is horticulture: pineapple, banana, orange, lime, mango, jackfruit, turmeric and ginger. This produce grown on forest plots fetch them a handsome income throughout the year. (makanaka.wordpress) | A Dongria Kondh woman picking millet | With the introduction of guns, prey has now become scarce and the old ways of hunting are being forgotten. Some villages have become resettled and without their old ways men drink themselves to death due to their lost culture. | A relocated villager

8: 8 | Issues & NGOs | In 2005, Vedanta a British mining company started to bulldoze some of the surrounding forests to create a refinery for the nearby Aluminum. The company planned to mine the Dongria Kondh's most sacred mountain. However many nations condemned the actions calling it Avatar in real life. The Indian government has refused the company's plans to go ahead with the mines. The mines would have destroyed the forests, disrupted the rivers and spelled the end of the Dongria Kondh as a distinct people. (Survival International) Even with their victory, a nearby refinery has commenced and has destroyed and polluted the environment around the villages. Many residents now have to collect welfare money or work for Vedanta. With the loss of the mountain, the Dongria Kondh tribe will become extinct. | A family living in a resettled village | Survival International is a big supporter and protector of the Dongria Kondh. However since the tribe is only about 8000 people, there isn't too many supportive NGO groups but countries are condemning the Vedanta mining company and its actions.

9: 9 | Bhils | The Bhils are known as the bow men of Rajasthan. They are found in the mountain regions in the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujrat and Rajasthan

10: 10 | Culture and Traditions | The men wear turbans, waistcoat and a coat Women wear saris (five meter length cloth, draped around body

11: 11

12: 12

13: 13 | Picture References | Dongria Kondh (Mark) A Dongria Kondh woman picking millet Retrieved April 8, 2011, from www.survivalinternational.org/tribes A family in a resettled village Retrieved April 8, 2011, from www.survivalinternational.org/tribes A relocated man Retrieved April 8, 2011, from www.survivalinternational.org/tribes Smoking in the forest Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://makanaka.wordpress.com/2010/08/26/who-the-dongria-kondh-are-what-niyamgiri-is-to-them/ The tribe is located in the Orissa state Retrieved April 8, 2011, from http://www.purionline.com/orissa Two ladies with rings and clips Retrieved April 8, 2011, from www.survivalinternational.org/tribes

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Laurie Chapman
  • By: Laurie C.
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  • Title: India
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