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Kelvin - Comparative Government - UK

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1: Limited Constitutional Monarchy Unitary Government Does not have a single written Constitution | 1215

2: Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); Heir Apparent Prince CHARLES (son of the queen, born 14 November 1948) Head of Government: Prime Minister David CAMERON (since 11 May 2010) Cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the prime minister Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually becomes the prime minister

3: Executive Branch

4: Bicameral Parliament consists of House of Lords; note - membership is not fixed (780 seats; consisting of approximately 667 life peers, 88 hereditary peers, and 25 clergy - as of 13 January 2014) and House of Commons (650 seats since 2010 elections; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms unless the House is dissolved earlier) Elections: House of Lords - no elections (elections are held only as vacancies in the hereditary peerage arise); House of Commons - last held on 6 May 2010 (next to be held by June 2015)

5: Legislative Branch

6: Highest court: Supreme Court (consists of 12 justices including the court president and deputy president) Judge selection and term of office: judge candidates selected by an independent committee of several judicial commissions, followed by their recommendations to the prime minister, and appointed by Her Majesty The Queen; justices appointed during period of good behavior Subordinate courts: England and Wales - Court of Appeal (civil and criminal divisions); High Court; Crown Court; County Courts; Magistrates' Courts; Scotland - Court of Sessions; Sherrif Courts; High Court of Justiciary; tribunals; Northern Ireland - Court of Appeal in Northern Ireland; High Court; county courts; magistrates' courts; specialized tribunals

7: Legislative Branch

8: Political Parties

9: Conservative [David CAMERON] Alliance Party (Northerm Ireland) [David FORD] Democratic Unionist Party or DUP (Northern Ireland) [Peter ROBINSON] Labor Party [Ed MILIBAND] Liberal Democrats (Lib Dems) [Nick CLEGG] Party of Wales (Plaid Cymru) [Leanne WOOD] Scottish National Party or SNP [Alex SALMOND] Sinn Fein (Northern Ireland) [Gerry ADAMS] Social Democratic and Labor Party or SDLP (Northern Ireland) [Alasdair MCDONNELL] Ulster Unionist Party (Northern Ireland) [Mike NESBITT] United Kingdom Independent Party or UKIP [Nigel FARAGE]


11: Power traditionally split between Monarchy and the Nobility. Eventually, the nobility formed into Parliament. Over time, more and more power was ceded from the monarchy to Parliament. During the Hanoverian Dynasty, George I did not speak English. As a result, a "Prime Minister" took control of most of the government. This starts the shift of executive power from the monarchy.

12: Mixed Economy

13: Economy | Top Exports: Manufactured goods Fuels Chemicals Food Top Imports: Manufactured goods Machinery Fuels Food

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