FC: The Thirteen Colonies By: Bridget Lavelle
1: This book was made for social studies. It took tons of work, I hope you like it. B.a.e.l
2: Chapter one: The New England Colonies. Chapter two: The Middle Colonies. Chapter three: The Southern Colonies.
3: The New England Colonies
4: In the New England colonies where the puritans lived, they had different ideas on how the church should be. Soon the king disapproved of the puritans and the puritans believed that England had fallen under "evil and declining times." They soon got a charter to form the Massachusetts bay company. After awhile in Massachusetts people started to leave. The puritans disliked anyone who questioned the belief. Some who left were Thomas Hooker, he thought the government had too much power. He led some out of Massachusetts and started a new colony called Connecticut. Roger Williams thought of religious freedom but afraid the government would send him back to England he fled and started a colony he bought of the Indians and named it Rhode Island. Anne Hutchinson fled to Rhode Island she questioned some of the teachings and that concerned the church. later she was ordered to court. At first they could prove nothing till Anne made a mistake and told them that "God spoke to her." but puritans believe God only speaks through the bible. The court then ordered her out of the colony
5: The Puritans numbers grew and they took more land from the Natives. This angered the Natives and soon a war broke out. Metacom the Natives leader led the war and other groups of indians joined this fight lasted more than a year. it ended when Metacom was captured and killed some indains were forced as slaves others forced from their homelands
6: The Puritans were very religious and they believed that they should worship and work together. That made the people form in "tightly knit towns and villages."
7: The Middle colonies
8: The Colony of New Netherland was set up, by the dutch along the Hudson river. In the years the colony began to thrive in trade. This made a rivalry between Europe and New Netherland. At 1664 the rivalry reached its max and in August entered New Amsterdam's port. The governor Peter Stuyvesant swore to defend it. Peter was not favored by the settlers and had little supplies to fight, in the end he surrendered without firing a shot. King Charles the second of England gave the land to his brother, the Duke of York. The King changed the name to New York in honor of his brother.
9: New York soon grew and the Duke thought it was too big to govern easily. He gave some lands to some friends, Lord Berkley and Sir George Carteret. the friends set up a colony called New Jersey which was a proprietary colony. A Proprietary colony is when the king gives land to people in return for a yearly wage. | William Penn joined the quakers a despised religion in England they were arrested, fined, or even hanged. They were looked upon as wicked. one day Penn's father died and the king owed money to his father. Penn wanted to start a colony for the quakers. he asked the king for a charter and the king accepted. The colony was called Pennsylvania (Penn's woods).
10: Life in the Middle Colonies was fair. The majority of living was by farming. The Hudson and Delaware river valleys had highly fertile land. The colonists farming consisted on producing wheat, rye, and barley. These crops were called cash crops or crops sold for money at markets. The Middle Colonies exported so much that they became known as "The Bread Basket Colonies." They also raised animals such as cattle and pigs. Some large farms had slaves but most were just family. The houses often were far apart compared to the New England Colonies.
11: The Southern Colonies
12: Sir George Calvert asked King Charles the first for land in the Southern Colonies. His career was ruined in what was a protestant England. He became Roman Catholic. Calvert wanted a colony where catholics could worship freely. The King granted him a charter and He set up the colony of Maryland. Calvert died before his colony was done and his son Lord Baltimore continued. Lord Baltimore allowed Protestants as well as Catholics into Maryland, But the fear that the catholics might lose their right to practice freely he made what is an Act of Toleration. It was for all Christians But did not include Jews.
13: 1663, Eight English nobles were granted land by King Charles The Second. The Carolinas was what it was named. The Carolinas were split from the north and south. In 1732 south of South Carolina James Oglethorpe founded Georgia. James wanted a place where debtors or people who owed money and could not pay it back could start a fresh start. The government could jail debtors till they paid what they owed. When they left the jail they ad nowhere to live and little or no money. James offered to pay for them to live in Georgia.
14: There were two ways of life in the Southern colonies they were, Tidewater Plantations and the Backcountry.
15: in the 1700s Africans lived their lives as free people, indentured servants, and as slaves in the English colonies. The slave trade was hugely used. Plantation owners came to rely on slaves. Europeans captured slaves or traded goods for slaves. They took the captive slaves onto their ships to the Americas to be sold. The Europeans soon called the passage the Middle passage. The need for slaves grew and so slave trade became a major marketing business