S: Nuclear Energy | CLUBS
FC: Nuclear Energy
1: Victor You 7Dyal Science
2: What Is It? | Heat energy created by a nuclear reaction | The heat is then used to power a steam engine to generate electricity | It generates electricity as a non-renewable source. | Generates more electricity than coal or oil. | Nuclear plants used either uranium or plutonium for power.
3: How Does It Work? | There are two types of nuclear reactions-fusion and fission. | Fission is when one molecule splits into two smaller ones. | Fusion is when two smaller molecules come together to form a single larger molecule. | When these events occur, energy is produced. Then this energy is harnessed to boil water which is then used for a steam generator.
5: What Are Some Short-Term Effects? | After the Chernobyl incident, a radioactive cloud was reported to have drifted over Italy Sweden and France. This resulted is some foods (particularly mushrooms) to be inedible. | This cloud also hospitalized 203 people of which 31 died. | Exposure can also cause skin cancer.
6: What Are Some Long-Term Effects? | Working around highly radioactive material is dangerous over a period of time. Even with anti-radioactive suits. | Gamma rays travel through radioactive suits and penetrates the human body causing hematologic, gastrointestinal, and neurologic problems. | Bone marrow depletion mat be a result of high radiation exposure(2Gy) | There is an increased chance of getting cancer by those who have been exposed to radiation over a period of time.
7: How Does It Affect Wild Life And People? | When exposed to even 1Gy of radiation, humans will suffer radiation sickness. | Birth defects were reported to have doubled after the Chernobyl incident. | Animals also suffer from defects | Animal habitats might be destroyed after a nuclear disaster.
8: How Safe Is Nuclear Energy? | After the Fukushima nuclear disaster last year, many countries have thought about the safety of nuclear power plants. | Safety of nuclear reactors would differ because age, construction quality, human error and outside forces can cause the reactors to fail. | Accidents such as that from Three Mile Island was caused by failures in the system. This can only be blamed on old age because the reliability of this decline with age | Some nuclear power plants do not follow proper safety procedures. 56 violations have been found in the past 4 years.
9: What Are Some Concerns With Disposing Uranium Rods? | After uranium rods are used, they are still radioactive. | This radiation may continue for millions of years | Some countries dispose of highly radioactive materials by either burying them or dumping them into oceans. | This may cause the uranium to seep into the groundwater therefore contaminating it. | Sometimes the water used to cool nuclear reactors is dumped into water sources without being treated. This might contaminate drinking water.
10: Chernobyl | "It is considered to be the worst nuclear disaster in history." | One of the two to be ranked a level 7 nuclear disaster. | The Explosion contaminated many parts of Europe. | The plant was encased in a sarcophagus because it was too costly to maintain. | A new sarcophagus was proposed because the old one seemed unreliable | Radiation leak caused by exploded reactor.