BC: Bio Poem | Jackie Born in Cairo, Egypt Child of Marrie and Jerry Robinson Lived in a crowded home in California and at Fort Riley Overcame segregation in the Army and Major Leagues Worked as a deliveryman, lawn moer, and baseball player Challenged by segregation in the Army, school, and Major Leagues Personal traits were determination and bravery Always helped others by speaking out, and fighting in WWII Never rested until the matter was settled Best known for being the first black player in the Major Leagues Robinson
FC: Jackie Robinson By: Peyton Schneider
1: Basic Information | -Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo, Egypt, in 1919. -He died at the age of 63 on October 24th, 1972 of heart problems. -He his best known for his greatness at baseball, and his thoughts against racial segregation.
2: Childhood | -Jackie Robinson's life started in California, when his family moved there because of financial and job issues. -He lived around many white people, and couldn't stand to be harassed by them -One day as he was walking down the sidewalk, a girl-his neighbor- ran up, and called him "nigger". He replied with the hasty remark of whites being "crackers". -She ran home, crying, and told her dad. He immediately charged Jackie and had a stone-throwing fight with him. -Eventually, the whole block hated the Jacksons, and tried to move them out, but the Jacksons held strong, and refused to budge. -Jackie Robinson, being a poor boy who didn't do his schoolwork, had tons of extra time. in which he used to do various jobs, and hang out with the Pepper Gang- a group of other victims of segregation.
3: Family | -Jackie Robinson's family had faced many problems before moving to Cairo. -They were forced to work as "servants" for a sharecropping facility. -They were angered, and moved to California, where Jerry- Jackie's father- abandoned the family, and ran off with another woman. -The Jackson's didn't have much money; they were nearly broke. -Marrie was forced to work many jobs to help her family survive; she ironed and washed clothes, went to Welfare for help, and only slept two to six hours a day. -Even with the extra work though, the money Marrie recieved still barely kept them alive. -She often brought home scraps from restaurants to feed everyone.
4: High School | -Jackie attended John Muir Technical High School in 1935. -He excelled at five sports there. -He was one of the first students to get a four-letterman status. -There, he met his future bride-to-be; Rachel. -In 1938 he was named the region's "Most Valuable Player in baseball." -He was then encouraged to continue his sports in College by his older brother Matthew; who got silver in the 200-meter dash in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin.
5: College | -After High School, Jackie decided to follow his dream in athletics, and played football, basketball, track, and baseball for UCLA. -In college, he continued to do wonders, as he was named "The best athlete in the West Coast." -Near the end of his college years, he was voted to the "All-American" football team.
6: World War II | -In 1941, Jackie drafted himself into the United States Army and trained in Fort Riley. -He trained very hard, and after two months, rose to the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. -He rained in the Army, until, one day, he was riding a bus, and the bus driver told him to go to the back. Jackie refused and was sent to a trial.
7: The Major Leagues | -Jackie Robinson played in the Negro Leagues for half a year. -Soon, Jackie Robinson had stood out to the eye of Branch Rickey, the manager for the Brooklyn Dodgers, and signed a contract in 1945. He played very well, and was friends with many players; breaking the color barrier.
8: Brave | -Jackie Robinson was brave, because he participated in the Major Leagues even though he knew that there could be fights, and riots against him. -Another reason he was brave was he stuck up for himself in the Army, and refused to go to the back of the bus when he was asked.
9: Determined | -Jackie Robinson is determined, because he faced racial segregation in the Army, but still rose to 2nd Lieutenant. -More proof of his determination is he never quit wanting to be a pro at sports, even when people said he could never do it, and turned him down. -A last example of how Jackie Robinson was determined, was when the bus driver told him to sit in the back, and he refused, because he believed in racial balance, and cared for others.
10: Helpful | -One reason Jackie Robinson was helpful, was when riots broke out in the streets, Jackie helped other blacks escape the crowd of protestants. -Another reason Robinson was helpful was when he signed the contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers, because he helped break the color barrier for blacks.
11: Interesting Facts | -When he retired in 1956, he took up his personal job of protesting against racial segregation, and was a vocalist and supporter of Martin Luther King Jr. -He once quoted, "A life is not important, except in the impact it has on other lives." -When he died, George Bush gave his wife the Congressional Gold Medal to Jackie. -He was inducted to the baseball Hall of Fame in 1969.
12: Time of My Life | 1919: Jackie Robinson is born in Cairo, Egypt 1920: The Robinson family moves to California 1939: Jackie enters UCLA and becomes the first ever student to receive a four-letter status 1940: Robinson won the NCAA broad jump title. 1941: Jackie plays Pro Football for the Honolulu Bears
13: 1941-1945: Jackie Robinson fights in WWII 1946: Jackie marries Rachel, and plays baseball for Montreal as warm-up season for Major Leagues 1947: Robinson signs contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers, and is named "Rookie Of the Year" 1949: Robinson is named the league's "Most Valuable Player", and receives numerous batting titles. 1959: Jackie retires from baseball. 1969: Robinson is inducted to the MLB Hall Of Fame
14: Dear Journal | April 24th, 1927, Dear Journal, Today was like any other day; the air was cool, with gentle breeze, but it wasn't comfortable for me, or other misfit kids. We were outsiders, forced to live in crowded homes, and work many jobs; begging, stealing, and other people's chores, and we don't make much. We are often bullied, and liked hiding in the town's streets, and vacant lawns for breathing room. We didn't make much money today; only a few dollars, but it was still something for us African Americans, Coc-Asians, and others. For us, it was like hitting a jackpot, because usually, we don't make any more than a few cents.
15: Dear Hero | Dear Jackie Robinson, You are my HERO, because you had such an impact on others. You stuck up for other people like you in your childhood, in the Army, in Baseball, and for the rest of your life. I like your willness never to give up until the matter is settled, and your extreme confidence in all your life's difficulties. You even quoted, "A life is not important, except in the impact it has on other lives." This explains you indifferently; your determination and protesting against racial segregation all your life. Thank you for teaching me a valuable lesson: to never give up. -Peyton
16: Bibliography | 1. http://www.mccsc.edu/~jcmslib/mlk/robinson/life.htm 2. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h2068.html 3.http://www.jackierobinson.com/about/achievements.html 4. http://www.biography.com/articles/Jackie-Robinson- 5.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bXTaJJIV6b8&feature=related 6. http://www.voanews.com/learningenglish/home/a-23-2005-04-02-voa3-83123492.html 7. http://ourgeorgiahistory.com/people/robinson.html 8.
17: Bibliography Continued...