BC: 20th & 21st Century Virginia | Rural | Virginia was big in farming but no longer is. We still do have some farms. The old farms where not as effective because the prices of the crops where very low. | Urban People moved from rural areas to move tech up urban areas because of economical reasons
FC: Virginia History by simon d
1: Primary vs Secondary Sources | Primary sources are things that there is only one of, like the liberty bell
2: Bordering States & Large Bodies of Water | Atlantic Ocean & Chesapeake Bay. Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina
3: The 5 Regions
4: Cities & Rivers | Alexandria on the Potomac, Fredericksburg on the Rappahannock, Yorktown on the York, Richmond on the James, Jamestown on the James.
5: Artifacts & Archaeologists A artifact is a item from a long time ago for example a T-rex skeleton is an artifact. An archaeologists is someone that finds artifacts on the left you will see some Indian artifacts, on the right you will see some colonists artifacts.
6: Werocomoco was the main trade center.They would eat corn,beans and squash.They lived in what we call long houses and their clothes are made mainly of deer skin. | Eastern Woodland Indian
7: Virginia Indian tribes | C M P I S A A P T
8: Reasons for picking Jamestown in 1607. | 1.To increase England's wealth and power. 2.Defense enemies from both land and sea. 3.Deep harbor,thought there was a good supply of fresh clean drinking.
9: Hardships. Many people died from diseases,native Americans,and starvation but most die of salt water.
10: Important people at Jamestown. Some important people in James town are Christopher Newport, Captain John Smith, John Rolfe, Pocahontas and Chief Powhatan.
11: Government. The first government of Virginia was named Virginia House of Burgesses. King George III gave James Town charters to start the government in 1619.
12: Capital Move James Town<->Williamsburg<->Richmond.
13: THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR King George III made the colonist pay for the war. British vs French and Indians.
14: Sugar Act, Stamp Act and Townshed Act were all ways King George III tried to get the colonist to pay taxes. None of them worked. It just made the colonist angry.
15: PROBLEMS IN BOSTON The were getting tired of the taxes so they decided to give the British a few "warning" signs. Like the Boston Massacre and Boston Tea Party. The Patriots also helped.
16: Colonist Vs England The Patriots Sons of Liberty and the Minute Men were on the Colonist side and the Loyalist were commanded by Lord Cornwallis which fighting for King George III.
17: Important Patriots James A. Lafayette, George Washington and Patrick Henry
18: Important Patriots II Thomas Jefferson, Jack Jouett, Paul Revere and Ben Franklin.
19: Divided in the War African and American Indians were divided in the war.
20: Sporting on the home front. Women Farming, making clothes and caring for the sick.
21: BATTLES Battle of Lexington and Concord, Battle of Great Bridge and the Battle of Yorktown were all great wins and loses for the Continental Army.
22: Treaty of Paris After the British surrendered in the battle at York Town 1783 the Treaty of Paris was signed which ended the war.
23: Contributions to a New Nation There are many that helped the USA like George Washington he helped win the Revolutionary war.Thomas Jefferson he wrote the Treaty of Paris (the II).
24: Farming &Traveling Farming is a big thing in Virginia before nine out of ten people were framers.Once they used one farm land up they would travel south to find better farming land.
25: Branches of the Virginia Government Legislative Executive Judicial Branch
26: Famous Abolitionist Abolitionist are people how disliked slavery and fought against it. Harriet Tubman was one of the best she freed more than 30,000 slaves on the "UnderGround Railroad" Nat Turner was an Abolitionist too, he lead a revolt killing 60 white men, women, and children. thinking the only way to stop slavery was violence. john brown was anther Abolitionist he was influenced by Nat Turner. he lead a raid at harpes fairy on a rainy day.
27: Divided Nation: Differences between North and South | North Industrialized More populated More weapons opposes slavery | South Agriculture Xp in war Control over horses Not very populated used slave labor on farms
28: Creation of West Virginia West Virginia used to be part of Virginia. But then slavery came and Virginia used it a lot on their farms but West Virginia did not like slavery and they succeded (to break away) and created its own state called West Virginia.
29: Union President Abraham Lincoln was the president of the Union (north). General Ulysses Grant was the general of the Union's army.
30: Confederacy Jefferson Davis was the first and only president of the Confederacy (South) General Thomas E. Lee was one of many generals of the Confederate army. Thomas Stonewall Jackson was another important General and he got his nickname "Stonewall" for standing like a stonewall in many battles. James Ewell Brown Stuart (know as JEB) was another commander of the Confederacy. | Jefferson Davis | General Thomas E. Lee | Thomas Stonewall Jackson | James Ewell Brown Stuart
32: Battles | Beware My Foot Can Punt Red Apples Battle of Bull Run, Monitor and Merrimack, Battle of Fredericksburg, Siege of Petersburg, Battle of Richmond, Appomattox Court House
33: Confederacy Surrenders at Appomattox Court House The Last Battle took place at Appomattox Court House. It wasn't really a battle. The Confederacy surrendered at this place. Everyone was there (But Stonewall was dead, so he wasn't there) Everyone but Jefferson Davis. He thought that the Union would kill him, so he dressed up as a woman. The Union still found him.
34: Recons | After the Civil War the reconstruction time began. It was called the Reconstruction because all the southern states were in ruins, specially Virginia. | The North tried to help the South and greet the South back into the USA by making lots of Amendments which helped farmers and African Americans make money and have homes.
35: Sharecropping is a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on the land. | truction | The Freedmen's Bureau was a U.S. federal government agency that aided distressed freedmen (freed slaves) in 1865–1872.
36: After Reconstruction- Jim Crow Laws | Discrimination Black were not treated fairly. While white slept in the wool beds, blacks had to sleep on uncomfy wood frames, freezing through the night. | Segregation Blacks were not even allowed to used the same things as whites. From water fountains to restaurants, they weren't even allowed to use the same bathrooms!
37: Virginia's Economy begins to grow again | After all that wack the economy started to grow again. Railroads were the key to expansion | Coal and Tabaco Farms were the things that were at hight demand during this time. It wasn't very good for nature or the air. And as we now know, the ozone layer too.
38: Civil Right Movements | The main aim of the civil rights movement included ensuring that the rights of all people are equally protected by the law, including the rights of minorities. | Thomas Woodrow Wilson | George C. Marshall He wrote the Marshall Peace plan | He was the 28th President of the United States, implemented a policy of racial segregation. He was very racist. | Maggie Walker she was the first bank president. | Oliver Hill he was in the Brown vs Bord of learning.
39: Harry F. Byrd | led a masive resistance against public schools | Arthur R. Ashe Played a mean tennis game and proved that blacks are just as good as whites. | L. Douglas Wilder He was the first African American to win a seat on the Virginia Senate. He was then Mayor or Richmond. | A. Lindwood Holton sr Was the first Republican Governor of Virginia after the reconstruction.