S: AFRICA -- NOVEMBR 2010
BC: Africa November 2010 Cathy and Roy
FC: Kenya Tanzania | AFRICA
1: Africa Nairobi, Maasai Mara, Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, Oldupai Gorge, Lake Manyara, Kilimanjaro, and Zanzibar | All photographs are original works by Cathy Booth-Smith, the author and publisher of this photo book. Copyright 2010
2: The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust Nairobi, Kenya A haven for elephant orphans, rhinos, and other animals. We visited the elephants on November 10, 2010
8: Sarova Mara Game Camp
11: Maasai Mara Kenya Game Drive November 11, 2010
13: Vultures Water Buffalo
14: The Swahili name for Lion is Simba. Lions sleep or rest for 16 to 20 hours each day.
15: The females do 90 percent of the hunting. The males patrol the area and protect the pride.
16: Maasai Mara
20: Maasai Mara
21: The Maasai Mara National Reserve (known by the locals as 'the Mara') is a large game reserve in south-western Kenya, which is effectively the northern continuation of the Serengeti National Park game reserve in Tanzania. It is named after the Maasai people and their description of the area when observed from afar: "Mara" from Maa (Maasai language) for "spotted," an apt description for the clumps of trees, scrub, savanna, and cloud shadows that mark the area. The Mara is an undisputed paradise for the sheer quantity and variety of wildlife, and for the annual Great Migration of wildebeest, zebra, and Thomson's gazelle, from the Serengeti.
24: Ngorongoro Crater
34: Ngorongoro Crater's soda lake.
38: Oldupai Gorge is located at the border of the Ngorongoro conservation area and the Serengeti National Park. | Oldupai has yielded numerous fossil remains from from about 5 million to 10.000 years ago, including the skull of the primitive hominid nutcracker man. The 3.75 million year old fossilised footprints, found by Dr. Mary Leakey in 1975 at nearby laetoli, proved that our prehuman ancestors walked in a upright position, this is widely thought to rank among the greatest palaeoanthropogical discoveries of the past century.
41: Grave Stone marks the burial place, on the rim of the Ngorongoo Crater, of Michael and his father Bernard Grzimek
42: Lake Manyara
46: Sunrise vista from our balcony at the Ngoronogoro Serena Safari Lodge
49: Royal Poinciana Tree | Local market
50: Zanzibar La Jemma del Est
51: Stone Town Zanzibar Tanzania
53: Zanzibar -- Spice Farm
54: Serengeti National Park The Serengeti region encompasses the Serengeti National Park itself, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Maswa Game Reserve, the Loliondo, Grumeti and Ikorongo Controlled Areas and the Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya. Over 90,000 tourists visit the Park each year. Two World Heritage Sites and two Biosphere Reserves have been established within the 30,000 km region. It's unique ecosystem has inspired writers from Ernest Hemingway to Peter Mattheissen, filmakers like Hugo von Lawick and Alan Root as well as numerous photographers and scientists - many of which have put their works at our disposal to create this website. The Serengeti ecosystem is one of the oldest on earth. The essential features of climate, vegetation and fauna have barely changed in the past million years. Early man himself made an appearance in Olduvai Gorge about two million years ago. Some patterns of life, death, adaptation and migration are as old as the hills themselves. It is the migration for which Serengeti is perhaps most famous. Over a million wildebeest and about 200,000 zebras flow south from the northern hills to the southern plains for the short rains every October and November, and then swirl west and north after the long rains in April, May and June. So strong is the ancient instinct to move that no drought, gorge or crocodile infested river can hold them back. The Wildebeest travel through a variety of parks, reserves and protected areas and through a variety of habitat. Join us to explore the different forms of vegetation and landscapes of the Serengeti ecosystem and meet some of their most fascinating inhabitants. Welcome to the Serengeti. Lota Melamari Director General Tanazania National Parks
55: Ngorongoro Conservation Area It is a large, unbroken, un-flooded caldera, formed when a giant volcano exploded and collapsed some three million years ago. The Ngorongoro crater sinks to a depth of 610 metres, with a base area covering 260 square kilometres. The height of the original volcano must have ranged between 4,500 to 5,800 metres. The area contains over 25,000 large animals including 26 black rhinoceros. There are 7,000 wildebeests, 4,000 zebras, 3,000 eland and 3,000 Grant's and Thomson's gazelles. The crater also has the densest known population of lions, numbering 62. Higher up, in the rainforests of the crater rim, are leopards, about 30 large elephants, mountain reedbuck and more than 4,000 buffalos, spotted hyenas, jackals, rare wild dogs, cheetahs, and other felines. Excerpted from: Ngorongoro: A priceless asset By Adam Akyoo and Marc Nkwame Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority | Lake Manyara National Park Stretching for 50km along the base of the rusty-gold 600-metre high Rift Valley escarpment, Lake Manyara is a scenic gem, with a setting extolled by Ernest Hemingway as “the loveliest I had seen in Africa”. The compact game-viewing circuit through Manyara offers a virtual microcosm of the Tanzanian safari experience. From the entrance gate, the road winds through an expanse of lush jungle-like groundwater forest where hundred-strong baboon troops lounge nonchalantly along the roadside, blue monkeys scamper nimbly between the ancient mahogany trees, dainty bushbuck tread warily through the shadows, and outsized forest hornbills honk cacophonously in the high canopy. Contrasting with the intimacy of the forest is the grassy floodplain and its expansive views eastward, across the alkaline lake, to the jagged blue volcanic peaks that rise from the endless Maasai Steppes. Excerpted from: The Tanzania National Parks official site http://www.tanzaniaparks.com/manyara.html