S: Female Spies Dossier
FC: Female Spies | Hannah Johnson | Dossier
1: 1. Virginia Hall 2. Harriet Tubman 3. Ginnie and Lottie Moon 4. Sarah Emma Edmonds 5. Nancy Hart
2: Nancy Hart | Nancy Hart is number five in this ranking of female spies. She spied for the Confederates during the Civil War, scouting for information advantageous to the Confederates and acting as a guide when necessary. A successfully sneaky operative, Hart would disguise herself as a peddler at important outposts and gain information from passing Union troops. She relayed the information she obtained to General Jackson.
3: Hart's bravery and courage were tried when she was captured and jailed by Union troops at age twenty. Proving to strongly possess both characteristics, Hart gained the trust of one of her guards, stole his gun, shot him, and escaped. Her spying success at such a young age and willingness to put herself in harm's way makes her worthy of recognition at spy number five. | Left: Hart spied for the Confederate South, as represented by the lighter portion of the map. Below: After the war Hart married a man by the name of Joshua Douglas and settled down in Virginia.
4: Sarah Emma Edmonds | Sarah Emma Edmonds claims spot number four on this list of outstanding female spies. Edmonds must not have held much sentimental value for her birthplace in New Brunswick, Canada, for she ran away as a teenager and quickly began selling Bibles disguised as a man.
5: Going by Frank Thompson, Edmonds eventually enlisted on the Union side of the Civil War in 1861, in the Second Michigan Infantry. Edmonds fought in several battles and spied for the Union during her enlistment. She often disguised herself as an Irish immigrant, young boy, and woman to slide by enemy suspicion. It would seem that none of her comrades suspected her during that time, which would require much talent. Edmonds only deserted when she became sick with malaria, and did so in fear of being found out. Having cunningly kept secrets from her own comrades in addition to the enemy, and having fought in combat, Edmonds deserves spot number four on this list of great female spies. | Edmonds homeland: Canada | Edmonds fought and spied for the Union, which occupied the northern half of the United States
6: Ginnie and Lottie Moon | Ginnie and Lottie Moon position themselves as third on this list of outstanding female spies for their gumption and drive. Residents of Oxford, Ohio during the Civil war, both sisters helped the confederates in their own unique way. Lottie acted as a courier, delivering messages across Union lines, while Ginnie stayed at home tending to wounded Confederate soldiers with her mom.
7: Both women were forced to the height of their courage when Ginnie left Ohio on a mission to obtain medical supplies. Apprehended in Cincinnati, Ginnie lashed out at a guard, gaining herself time to dispose of an important message. Lottie eventually came to Ginnie's aid. Although neither escaped arrest, they had already proved themselves qualified agents of espionage. The willingness to travel behind enemy lines and defend oneself in almost sure defeat is courageous, and places both women in position three. | Left: Lottie and Ginnie's home state of Ohio Below: Lottie had to travel through Virginia several times to deliver messages.
8: Harriet Tubman | Harriet Tubman takes spot number two as a female spy because of her actions combined with her race. Besides the fact that Tubman helped plenty of slaves escape to freedom, she also served the Union at Fort Monroe during the Civil War. There Tubman held many positions. She worked as a nurse, a soldier, and a spy, recruiting slaves to spy themselves while also planning attacks on the Confederates.
9: Tubman illustrated her devotion to her cause in participating in a gunboat raid in South Carolina with Colonel James Montgomery, which succeeded because of the information Tubman and the Colonel gained beforehand from Tubman's spies. The risk involved with that raid, and all of Tubman's efforts, was extremely great | because of her race. There is no telling what might have happened had Tubman ever been caught. Because of this, Tubman is an uncontested second on this list of female spies -a determined and willful individual. | Above: Fort Monroe where Tubman worked for the Union. Left: South Carolina, where Tubman helped Colonel James Montgomery with the gunboat raid.
10: Virginia Hall | Number one on this list of great women spies in history is Virginia Hall. Born into a wealthy family in Baltimore on April 6th, 1906, Hall grew to be smart, athletic, and helpful. The loss of her leg in a hunting accident soon tarnished her early fortune, but this did not prevent Hall from succeeding. Educated in French, Italian, German, and Russian, Hall became an indispensable asset to the Allies during WWII. At age 35 Hall worked for the OSS as a radio operator. She traveled occupied France helping refugees escape, securing weaponry and safe houses for Ally use, and relaying important information on Nazi movements, which became proved extremely helpful at Normandy.
11: All the while the Gestapo was on high alert for any and all information on her whereabouts, but Hall was never caught. The fact that Hall was able to do all that she did for the Allies and avoid capture, with a wooden leg, is incomprehensible. It puts her at a solid first place among many other amazingly brave and cunning women. | Above: Hall's home town of Baltimore. Right: Occupied France where Hall spied for the Allies.