S: The Life of Walt Disney
FC: The Life of Walt Disney
1: The Life of Walt Disney ED 517 Storytelling Project By: Gina Campbell, Stephen Cotchen, and Maria D'Ascenzo
2: *Walter 'Walt' Elias Disney was born on December 5, 1901 in Chicago, Illinois. He lived most of his childhood life in Marceline, Missouri with his parents and four siblings. While in Missouri, Disney developed a love for drawing and painting. He would sell his pictures to neighbors and friends.
3: In 1911, Disney and his family moved to Kansas City where his fascination with trains began. Disney's uncle was a train engineer and hired him for a summer job on the railroad. During this time, Disney sold snacks and newspapers to travelers. | Walt Disney returned to Chicago to attend McKinley High School. Disney took drawing and photography classes and became the contributing cartoonist for his school paper. In the evenings, Disney took classes at the Chicago Art Institute. Drawing was a passion of Disney's. Another passion was helping others. At age 16, Disney dropped out of school to join the army. He was rejected due to his young age, so he joined the Red Cross and was sent to France to drive an ambulance for a year.
4: In 1919, Disney returned home from France and moved back to Kansas City. He decided to pursue a career as a newspaper artist and had the opportunity to do so when his brother Roy landed him a job with Pesmen-Rubin Art Studio.
5: After working in the Art Studio, Disney continued his career at the Kansas City Film Ad Company, where he began to experiment with commercials based on cutout animation.
6: Disney decided to open his own animation business and recruited Fred Harman as his first employee. They made a deal with a local theater in Kansas City to screen their cartoons. It was called Laugh-O-Grams. The cartoon was very popular and Disney was able to acquire his own studio.
7: The studio produced a series of seven-minute fairy tales that combined live action and animation. These fairy tales were called Alice in Cartoonland. Amid the success, in 1923 the studio became burdened with debt and Disney was forced to declare bankruptcy. Disney and his brother Roy vowed to move on and have successful careers which led them to Hollywood, California.
8: After Walt resigned himself to bankruptcy, he moved to Hollywood planning to become a director. Roy (Walt's brother) was already in California.Walt & Roy signed a contract with M.J. Winkler, a New York cartoon distributor. They rented a room at the back of a real estate office. Roy operated a secondhand camera while two girls were hired to ink & paint the celluloids. Walt did the animation. Finally, Walt hired the first animator, Rollin Hamilton and movesd into a small store with a window bearing "Disney Bros. Studio."
9: Walt met Lillian Bounds, who was hired by the Studios as an inker. Walt recalled "I couldn't afford to pay her, so I married her!" July 13, 1925 Walt married Lillian. | In February, 1926 Walt renamed the studio to the "Walt Disney Studio."
10: While on a train ride, Walt developed Mickey Mouse and along with Ub Iwerks created a new cartoon, "Plane Crazy." Audiences were in love with the mouse. "Steamboat Willie," the third cartoon was created. Walt pursued New York film companies to record the cartoon with sound. Walt urged Ub to go forward with the fourth Mickey Mouse Cartoon "The Barn Dance." "Steamboat Willie" opened at the Colon Theater in New York. Billed as the first animated cartoon with sound, it received rave reviews. Film companies came calling for Walt to make a deal. All these distributors wanted the rights to Mickey Mouse, however Walt learned from his experience from Oswald the Rabbit.
11: > Goofy makes his 1st appearance in "Mickey's Revue." > Pluto makes 1st appearance in a Mickey Mouse cartoon, "The Chain Gang." > The Mickey Mouse Clubs reach a million members. > Mickey Mouse is now known in every civilized country. > Walt suffers a nervous breakdown, caused by pushing himself and animators on the job. Walt takes a vacation on doctor's orders. On return, exercise and work balancing is required. | THE 1930'S...
12: "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" is seen by the public in Los Angeles in 1937. It made a 3 week run at Radio City Music Hall, then some New York theaters."Snow White" grossed $8 million and won an Academy Award. | "Bambi" is started at the same time as "Fantasia" but is last to be released due to the time it took to draw the animals. The studio resembled a zoo at times with many animals on hand to be drawn. Video was captured and photos were donated for the film. | The start of World War II causes business of "Pinocchio" to fall short of what is expected.
13: The End of the 1930's... > Within 6 months, the Disney's payed off all bank loans. > Walt & Roy moved their parents to Southern California. > Tragically, Flora Disney died of asphyxiation due to a defective furnace. Walt & Roy blamed themselves because it occurred in the house they purchased. | "Fantasia" opened at New York's Broadway Theater (formally called "The Colony"), the same place that Mickey Mouse made his debut. Walt was forced to cut "Fantasia" into a short version, cutting from his 3+ hours' version. "Fantasia" loses even more than "Pinocchio."
14: In 1940, construction was completed on the Burbank Studio, and Disney's staff expanded to more than 1,000 artists, animators, story men, and technicians.
15: April, 1940- Due to financial losses of "Pinocchio," "Fantasia," and "Bambi" along with the cost of the new studio being built, Walt Disney was forced to offer his company as a public stock. 600,000 shares of common stock sold at $5 a piece. Stock offering sold out quickly and temporarily filled the hole of debt. | 1950"Cinderella" debuted and was well accepted, it was the first hit for Disney Studios since "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs."
16: A pioneer in television programming, Disney began a television production in 1954. The Mickey Mouse Club was a popular favorite in the 1950s. Disney was among the first to present full-color programming with the Wonderful World of Color in 1961. By the time of his death the Disney studio produced about 21 full-length animated films, 493 short subjects, 47 live-action films, 7 True-Life Adventure features, 330 hours of Mickey Mouse Club television programs, 78 half-hour Zorro television adventures, and 280 other television shows.
17: I | In 1953 Walt's vision of an amusement park began. He visited fairs, carnivals, circuses and parks to study the attractions and the people. He decided that the name of the park would be called Disneyland. On July 18, 1957, Disney opened Disneyland in Anaheim, California, it was the most successful amusement park in history, with 6.7 million people visiting it by 1966. | In early 1964, Disney announced plans to develop another theme park to be called Disney World a few miles southwest of Orlando, Florida.
18: In 1965, Walt Disney turned his attention toward the problem of improving the quality of urban life in America. He personally directed the design of an Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow (EPCOT). It was planned as a living showcase for the creativity of American industry. | Disney said this about EPCOT: "I don't believe there is a challenge anywhere in the world that is more important to people everywhere than finding the solutions to the problems of our cities. But where do we begin? Well, we're convinced we must start with the public need. And the need is not just for curing the old ills of old cities. We think the need is for starting from scratch on virgin land and building a community that will become a prototype for the future."
19: Walt Disney was a chain smoker his entire adult life, through a biopsy a tumor was discovered in his left lung. Disney was diagnosed soon with lung cancer. Walt Disney died on December 15, 1966, at 9:35 a.m. from an Acute Circulatory Collapse at the age of 65. Disney was cremated, and his ashes reside at Forest Lawn Cemetery in Los Angeles, California. After his brother's death, Roy carried on the plans to finish the Florida theme park, which opened in 1971 under the name Walt Disney World.
21: References Walt disney biography. (2012). Retrieved from www.biography.com/people/walt-disney-9275533?page=1 JustDisney.com. (2005). Created and Operated by Brad Aldridge Productions, Berkeley, CA. Retrieved from http://www.justdisney.com/walt_disney/timeline/index.html