S: Co-Written By: Anthony Disteso & Jenna Bianculli
BC: Domingo:Center | Co-Written By: Anthony & Jenna
FC: Filipino -Americans | "Learn from yesterday, live for today, hope for tomorrow."
1: Filipino Americans: Pre-War | "Try as we will, we cannot become Americans because we are Filipinos, we do not belong."
2: The Filipinos worked in much more menial positions of the field than those of Portuguese decent. Sugar planters used this strategy to prevent minority groups from coming together and going on strike | Minority groups like the Filipinos, were forced to live in segregated camps. From job and wages to living arrangements, everything was assigned according to ethnicity
3: The Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934, however,, limited the immigration of Filipino to 50 people every 10 years. Because o this legislation, Filipinos were considered aliens instead of nationals | Filipino laborers were considered U.S. Nationals because the U.S. colonized the Philippines | The anti-immigration act targeted towards Asians did NOT affect Filipino labor workers because the Philippines were colonized by the U.S. therefore, they were considered U.S. nationals
4: "More is expected of you." -Domingo Los Baños | Domingo Los Baños: Before the War
6: Domingo Los Baños was born in 1925 on the island of Hawaii. He lived with his mother, father,four brothers, and two sisters | Domingo, along with his family, had to live on segregated camps on Hawaii. | Domingo:Standing,Left
7: Domingo worked with his father on a plantation in Kalaheo Hawaii | Domingo showed a passion for education and leadership. He was elected as president of Kaua'i High School. | Domingo knew the struggles other ethnic groups went through on the island, so he was friends with all groups of people.
8: Filipino-American: During War
9: "At that time, I was what, an 18, 19-year-old kid. I wanted to serve in the Army...I was with the 1st Filipino Infantry Regiment, and we were going to free the Philippines. That was a very proud moment in my life." -Dixon Campos, 1st Filipino Infantry Regiment
10: Filipino Americans wanted to join the U.S. military after Japan attacked the Philippines on December 8, 1941, but most were denied because of the Tydings-McDuffie Act labeling first generation Filipinos as “aliens” | Although they were denied the right to volunteer, the Filipinos would not give up so easily. They protested for President Roosevelt to allow them to participate in the war. One year later, the First Infantry Battalion was activated
11: General Douglass MacArthur lead seven thousand Philippine troops into the first American battle in WW2 to the Japanese-occupied Philippines | Their famous battle cry of the battle was “Laging Una!” which means “Always First”
12: Domingo Los Baños: During War
13: The record of the Philippine soldiers for bravery and loyalty is second to none."- President Truman
14: At age 18, following in his brothers' footsteps, Domingo was very eager, like the rest of his fellow Filipinos, to enlist in the military. When he enlisted he was assigned to the 1st Filipino Infantry Regiment. | Domingo and his fellow comrades we assigned to mop up enemy soldiers refusing to surrender.
15: Domingo's responsibility to the regiment was to go behind enemy lines, alone, and retrieve viable information. | While behind enemy lines, Domingo and an enemy soldier had a stand off. A gun was fired, a soldier fell; Domingo's gun happened to fire first. | Domingo: Back row, second from the left.
16: Filipino-Americans:After War | Congress finally allowed Filipino Americans in the military to become natural citizens in 1943. Other Filipino Americans were allowed to naturalize in 1946 from the Luce-Cellar Bill, which gave the Filipino Americans the freedom from coming to and from the Philippines without being barred from reentry.
17: Medal of Honor | Sr. Jose Calugas, first Filipino American history to receive medal of honor
18: I think our service was one of the greatest endeavors by Filipinos. It helped us look at ourselves in another way. It changed the way Americans saw us overnight." -Domingo Los Baños | Domingo Los Baños:After War
20: Like many Filipinos returning from war, Domingo came back to his home to fulfill his dreams. Domingo wanted to teach and make a difference. He pursued his passion by going to Thailand and teaching. | Domingo's goals were to teach practice and discipline through various sports.
21: While in Thailand, he was credited with creating the first Thai physical education program. | When Domingo accomplished his goals in Thailand, he decided to return to his home, Hawaii. There, he continued to teach for over thirty-years.