BC: Bibliography References Cranny, M. (1998). Crossroads. Toronto, Canada: Anita Borovilos.
FC: This is Nic and Ryan's journey across North America!!!
1: Table of Contents Page # The Arcrtic................................2 The Canadian Shield................3 The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowland....................................4 The Appalachian Region.............5 Coastal Plains..........................6 Interior Plains...........................7 Intermountain Region...............8 Western Cordillera...................9 Bibliography...........................10
2: Our jouney started far up in the arctic. We left to go find new warmer places. The climate is so frigid due to the distance from the equator. The summers are short and not very warm. For miles the terrain is flat but farther north there are, | mountains that were formed by glaciers. Up in the tundra the vegitation is very scarce. Very few life forms other than lichen can survive. that and small shrubs and mosses can survivre in the freezing arctic
3: Here in the Canadian Shield the summers are growing increasingly short and the winters are always growing longer. | When we left the Arctic we entered the Canadian Shield which has many Boreal forest's and white birch and poplar are also here. Because the elevation is so high in some spots the tree's are smaller and weaker than more southern trees. And even farther north trees cant even grow, this from short growing seasons, permafrost and too little percipitation.
4: We decided to leave the Canadian sheild because it was way too close to the Arctic's climate. We continued south into the Great Lakes-St lawrence area. Its the smallest region we've visited so far. It juts into the great lakes. | This area has rolling land scape formed mainly by moving glaciers. Flat plains are broken has you start to move to other regions. It has a humid climate, perfect for farming. Origanally the region was heavily treed, once having Canada's largest variety.
5: Our journey continued as we entered the Appalachian region of North America. Mostly mountains here nut we also found fertile plateaus and river valleys along with hills formed by erosion. The climate here is freezing during winter months because of two ocean currents. But there are also some warm spots with winds traveling up from the Caribbean. This encourages gowth of water life that creates a great ecosystem. But here it is also heavily forested with coniferous and deciduous trees. Many trees grow in the valleys and plateaus where the soil is more productive. But in mountain soil only certain types can grow.
6: After a short drive we entered the coastal plains. Here the average elevation is 200 meters above sea level with flat land or gently rolling land. In the winters they are cold and snowy but in the summers its hot and humid. The southern portions of this region are also used to having hurricanes during late summer. Much of the soil here very sandy but the naturel vegatation has adapted to these conditions. The origanal forest was of pine. And in the lower areas in Mexico there are lush jungles have devolped.
7: Originally there was mixed decidous forests and scattered evergreens. To the west though grass's grew as tall me. Most of the trees grew only in the river valleys. In more nothern parts boreal forests grew And towards the Atlantic it becomes like a tundra. | When we entered the Interior Plains we found out that it is divided into two areas, the Central Lowland and the Great Plains. In the west its about 600 to 1500 meters above sea level. In most areas the plains are made up of rolling plains that gradully slope down to the east. The climate here is a continental one becuase its right in the middle of the continent. During all seasons the climate is extreme, in summer it is hot and the winters are cold with little percipatation. And in the nothern parts its conditions are like the Arctic.
8: After the Interior Planes we went west into The Intermountain Plains. This Region ranges from The Rockies to the Coast Mountains, the Cascades to the Neveda. Its a thinly populated area of high plateaus and isolated mountains. The vegetation generally ranges from sparse grassland to semi-deserts. | In the U.S. its merely desert but higher up in canada we were told it was made up of the interior plateau valleys of B.C. and the Yukon. The climate here was hot and dry but it can get cool and wet, depending on the area. Canadain areas are more denser climates.
9: The Climate of the Cordillera is a Maritime therefore very lush and wet. Some of the Cordillera is the wettest places on earth. Vegitation depends mainly on which side a mountain its on. If its on a Rain shadow side, grassland, the other, lush forests. | Phew, we're nearly done. All that was left to explore was the Western Cordillera. The Cordillera ranges across the west coast of North America. The eastern most mountain are, ya thats right, the Rockies. Further out the coast the Ring of Fire begins to be noticed with volcanic mountains. The Western Cordillera's mountains are fairly new and more than top those of the Apallachian in the east. Most rivers in this region flow out to the Gulf of Mexico.