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Paris & the Heart of Normandy

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S: Paris and the Heart of Normandy, Viking River Cruise, 2010

BC: DEPARTED | Paris for Avignon | 13 June 2010

FC: Paris & the Heart of Normandy June 2010 Celebrating Suzy & Marshall's 35th wedding anniversary

1: Viking River Cruise. First stop, a tour of Paris

2: Viking's seeing Paris "as a Parisian!" tour | Beware of pickpockets! | Sharon Paulucci & Helen Edmondson | Diane & Joe Mahan | Suzy & Elsa | Our guide, Lotfi

4: Paris, the capital and largest city of France, is situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the lle-de-France region. The name Paris derives from that of its earliest inhabitants, the Gaulish tribe known as the Parisii. The city was called Lutetia during the Roman era of the 1st to the 6th century, but during the reign of Julian the Apostate (360–363), the city was renamed Paris. | Paris is located in the north-bending arc of the river Seine and includes two islands, the Ile Saint-Louis and the larger Ile de la Cité, which form the oldest part of the city.

5: Paris Districts - "arrondissements" * Place de la Bastille * Place de la Concorde * Champs-Élysées * Les Halles * Le Marais * Avenue Montaigne * Montmartre * Montparnasse * Avenue de l'Opéra * Quartier Latin * Faubourg Saint-Honoré

6: Montmartre - primarily known for the white-domed Basilica of the Sacré Coeur on its summit and as a nightclub district. Many artists had studios or worked around the community such as Salvador Dalí, Amedeo Modigliani, Claude Monet, Piet Mondrian, Pablo Picasso and Vincent van Gogh.

8: Basilique du Sacré Coeur - A popular landmark, the basilica is located at the highest point in the city, crowning its most rebellious neighborhood, as an embodiment of conservative moral order despite an artist colony and nightclub district designation.

10: le Marais - Long the aristocratic district of Paris, it hosts many outstanding buildings of historic and architectural importance. on the Right Bank of the Seine. The Marais was the French nobility's favorite place of residence. It is now one of Paris' main localities for art galleries. The Marais has become a fashionable district, home to many trendy restaurants, fashion houses, and art galleries.

14: La Tour Eiffel - Located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. Erected in 1889 as the entrance arch to the 1889 World's Fair, it has become both a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world.

16: View from the Metro station near the Viking Spirit dock. | A tribute (plea) to World Peace.

19: Marshall at the Louvre Pyramid in the center of the Napoleon Courtyard of the Palais du Louvre | PP | Public broadcast of the 2010 French Open.

21: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris

23: Notre Dame de Paris, French for Our Lady of Paris, is an historic Roman Catholic Marian cathedral on the eastern half of the Ile de la Cité. It is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture and among the largest and most well-known churches in the world ever built. Notre Dame de Paris was among the first buildings in the world to use the flying buttress (arched exterior supports). The cathedral was complete by 1345.

24: Arc de Triomphe - One of the most famous monuments in Paris. It honors those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and the Napoleonic Wars, with the names of all French victories and generals inscribed on its inner and outer surfaces. Beneath its vault lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I.

25: A view of the Avenue des Champs-Elysees from the Arc de Triomphe.

26: Paris as seen from the Seine on a bateau mouche

32: Viking Spirit dockside area

34: Viking Spirit at dock on the Seine, Paris.

36: Sailing the peaceful Seine from Paris.

38: Half timbered buildings on the banks of the Seine midway between Paris & Rouen. | Vernon

39: At dock in Vernon Bus ride through the countryside to Giverny

40: Giverny Claude Monet's garden and home.

44: Giverny Jardin d'eau

47: Normandy region - approach and passage of one of seven locks on the Seine.

48: Rouen, in northern France on the River Seine, is the capital of the (Upper Normandy) region and the historic capital city of Normandy. | Lee Edmondson, Sharon Paulucci, Helen Edmondson, Marshall and Suzy

49: The city is noted for its surviving half-timbered buildings.

50: This city was once one of the largest and most prosperous cities of medieval Europe. | Rouen is known for its Notre Dame cathedral. It was the subject of a series of paintings by Claude Monet, some of which are exhibited in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris.

54: After a long trial by a church court, Jeanne d'Arc, 19 years old, was found guilty of heresy and was sentenced to be burned at the stake. The sentence was carried out on May 30, 1431.

56: The Gros Horloge is an astronomical clock dating back to the 16th century, though the movement is considerably older (1389). It is located in the Gros Horloge street.

58: In the center of the Place du Vieux Marché (the site of Joan of Arc's pyre) is the modern church of Saint Joan of Arc. This is a large, modern structure which dominates the square. The form of the building represents an upturned viking boat and fish shape.

60: Normandy, the landing beaches and the American Cemetery.

62: Normandy (Norman: Nourmaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normand, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is a geographical region of France corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy. | The Allies, led by the United States coordinated a massive build-up of troops and supplies to support a large-scale invasion of Normandy in the D-Day landings on 6 June 1944 under the code name Operation Overlord. The Germans were dug in to fortified emplacements above the beaches. | During the Second World War, the D Day landings on the Normandy beaches, under the code name Operation Neptune, started the lengthy Battle of Normandy and resulted in the Liberation of Paris and the restoration of the French Republic. These landings were a significant turning point in the war. | The Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial is a World War II cemetery and memorial in Colleville-sur-Mer, Normandy, France, that honors American soldiers who died in Europe during World War II.

72: Captain navigating through one of the seven locks on the Seine.

74: Approaching Les Andelys

76: Chateau Gaillard is a ruined medieval castle, located 90 meters above the town of Les Andelys overlooking the River Seine. | Construction began in 1196 under the auspices of Richard the Lionheart, who was simultaneously King of England and feudal Duke of Normandy. | Chateau Gaillard has a complex and advanced design, and uses early principles of concentric fortification; it was also one of the earliest European castles to use machicolations, which is a floor opening between the supporting corbels of a battlement, through which stones, or other objects, could be dropped on attackers at the base of a defensive wall.

78: View of Les Andelys from Chateau Gaillard. | Dockside & town tour

80: Saint-Sauveur church, Les Andelys

85: Leaving Les Andelys to return to Paris, with a stop at Chateau de Versailles.

86: On the banks of the Seine......

88: Docking in Conflans for our excursion to Versailles.

89: The Palace of Versailles, a royal chateau in Versailles in the Ile-de-France region.

90: When the chateau was built, Versailles was a country village. Today it is a wealthy suburb of Paris.

92: The court of Versailles was the center of political power in France from 1682, when Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789 after the beginning of the French Revolution.

93: Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime. | The Hall of Mirrors is the central gallery of the Palace of Versailles and is renowned as being one of the most famous rooms in the world. | In the 17th century, mirrors were among the most expensive items to possess and at the time, the Venetian Republic held the monopoly on the manufacture of mirrors.

94: Life at Versailles was intrinsically determined by position, favor and above all, one's birth. The Chateau was a sprawling cluster of lodgings for which courtiers vied and manipulated.

97: Gardens of Versailles occupy part of what was once the Domaine royal de Versailles, the royal estate of the chateau of Versailles. Situated to the west of the palace, the gardens cover 800 acres of land, much of which is landscaped in the classic French Garden style.

99: Our last evening on board. with new friends! | Sharon & Dan Paulucci, San Francisco, CA | Diane & Joe Mahan, Paris, Tennessee | Helen & Lee Edmondson, Denver, CO

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