FC: India Travel Guide 2012
1: Indian political map contains the railroads, boundary, cities, states, and the capital. | Indian physical map contains the regions such as Himalayan mountains, grass, rivers, and seas.
2: The Indus Civilization flourished from about 2500 BC to 1700 BC. It covered a larger area than modern Pakistan. The two important cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
3: Indian civilization is much different now. They have new technology and the people have developed new skills for daily life use.
4: Ancient India has seen many forms of governance and government during different periods in their region. Even within a given territory there were many kingdoms with different ways of governance.
5: India is a " Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic" with a parliamentary system of government
6: Hinduism is the world's oldest extant religion. Hinduism is a conglomeration of religious, philosophical, and cultural ideas and practices that originated in India, characterized by the belief in reincarnation, one absolute being of multiple manifestations.
7: Buddhism is a major global religion with a complex history and system of beliefs.The practice of Buddhism as a distinct and organized religion declined from the land of its origin in around 13th century, but not without leaving a significant impact.
8: The Brahman caste such as Priests is assigned the highest status of the four varnas but also must live by the strictest rules. In their very name, Brahmans are identified with the supreme being, and so are expected to uphold this high honor by their conduct.
9: The history of Indian handcrafts goes back to almost 5000 years from now. There are numerous examples of handicrafts from the Indus Valley Civilization. The tradition of crafts in India has grown around religious values, needs of the common people and also the needs of the ruling elites.
10: Art defines expression, creativity, freedom and symbolizes the cultural heritage of the people. India with its rich and varied cultural history has had a deep and evolving tryst with art. It can be dated back to as far as 500,000 years through the rock painting in caves. But major themes of Indian Art started emerging around 2500 BC during the Indus Valley Civilization.
11: Architecture in modern India draws on a variety of contemporary styles. For example, buildings in the capital, New Delhi, were designed by the British architect Edwin Lutyens in the early to mid-1900's. They were built by Indian craftsmen, however, and are decorated with a variety of Indian designs.
12: The first Indian script, developed in the Indus Valley around 2600 B.C. is code still . It is still not possible to fully understand this civilization, as we have no readable records of their beliefs, history, rulers or literature.
13: Sanskrit is an Indo-Aryan language that is primarily in use in the early 21st century as the liturgical language for the Eastern religions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. One of India's 22 "scheduled" languages listed in its constitution, Sanskrit is not widely spoken outside religious and traditional settings.
14: Harappa culture was very organized, though we do not know where they came from. The culture located itself settled on the Indus Plain which was formed by an alluvial deposit in layers. This alluvial deposits made for very rich soil to grow their crops. In addition silt came down the Indus river in an annual flood. It is estimated that it was about twice the amount of silt which came down the Nile in Egypt.
15: India is a country known for its human capital. It is also a country which a large youth population which surely becomes an asset fro any nation India today, has proved with its powerful human capital that it can surely emerge as a global power. With liberalization and privatization Indian economy and its people were greatly benefited.
16: The nobles and priests being of the highest rank while the slaves and outcasts being of the lowest. The nobles and priests enjoyed higher status since they were important rulers of the country and leaders of the society.
17: The ethnic diversity of India is proverbial and rivals the diversity of continental Europe which is not a single nation-State like India. India contains a large number of different regional, social, and economic groups, each with distinctive or dissimilar customs and cultural practices.