BC: This book published in New Zealand By Nelson Price Milburn Ltd Trucks ISBN 07055 0774 2 Text Copyright 2010 | By Liam Sullivan
FC: By Liam Sullivan
1: Contents 1:What jobs do Trucks do 2:Different types of Trucks 3:History of Trucking 4:Interesting facts on Trucks
2: Different types of trucking jobs | According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, there were approximately 3 million jobs within the trucking industry in 2008. Also, the number of trucking jobs was projected to increase in the next decade. Not all trucking jobs are the same, however. There are several distinct types of trucking positions, each with its own challenges. Heavy Trucking One of the most common types of job in the commercial trucking industry is called "heavy trucking." Any commercial vehicle with a weight of over 26,000 pounds is classified as a heavy truck. The large tractor-trailer rigs most frequently associated with truckers fall into this category. Heavy trucking jobs require drivers to transport goods between cities and states. The drivers operating heavy trucks along these routes are called "long haul" truckers. Usually, the driver of a heavy truck does not have a set route, but can plan the most efficient path to the destination. Heavy truck deliveries must be made on a deadline. This frequently requires drivers to work long hours on the road. Heavy truck drivers must also follow the regulations governing commercial transportation, and maintain logs and other paperwork related to their vehicles. Delivery Trucking Delivery truck jobs usually involve set routes within a local region. Delivery trucks move goods from distribution centers to various destinations, which may include retail stores, businesses or homes. This type of trucking job is usually more routine and predictable than long-haul transport, but still comes with many challenges. Drivers of delivery trucks typically work long hours, and many are required to begin their route early in the morning before other businesses open. Delivery truck jobs can also include other responsibilities beyond simply operating the vehicle. Drivers may have to load and unload hundreds of items each day. Many delivery route jobs also require drivers to deal directly with customers, processing payments, dealing with paperwork, and keeping track of sales. Specialized Trucking Jobs within the specialized trucking category involve the movement of unique or important goods. Examples of these specialized goods include liquids such as gasoline, hazardous materials such as chemicals, and livestock. Because of the increased level of risk involved with this type of trucking job, drivers are usually required to have additional experience and specialized certification. Drivers of specialized trucking vehicles must know how to properly handle the cargo they carry. A driver of a livestock carrier, for instance, must know how to care for the animals on the road in order to keep them healthy and safe. Hazardous material drivers must be be able to deal with accidents or spills quickly and correctly. These high levels of responsibility are usually compensated with industry-leading driver pay. Route Trucking Route trucking jobs are similar to delivery driving positions, but usually come with additional requirements. As with delivery trucking, the driver of a route truck has a set path that is driven each day, and must deliver a multitude of goods within a local area. Route trucking jobs, however, also involve marketing and selling. A route driver must always look for ways to expand their territory, making sales calls at locations where their goods may be needed. For example, a route driver who is responsible for distributing soda beverages will seek out newly opened businesses and try convince the owners to sell the soda brand. Drivers also market to their existing customers, trying to sell additional or new delivery products each month. Because of this marketing aspect, route truck drivers are able to greatly increase their income if they are skilled salesmen.
3: Light Trucks Minivan Sport utility vehicle Canopy express Pickup truck Panel truck Pickup van Tow truck Panel van Sedan delivery Medium trucks Box truck Van Cutaway van chassis Medium Sized Trucks Medium Standard Truck Platform truck Flatbed truck Firetruck Recreational Vehicle or Motorhome Delivery truck, Multi-Stop truck, Bottler. Heavy Trucks Ballast tractor Concrete transport truck (cement mixer) Crane truck Dump truck Garbage truck Log carrier Refrigerator truck