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Alcoholism

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BC: Peele, Stanton. "Recovering from an all-or-nothing approach to alcohol." Psychology Today Sept.-Oct. 1996: 35+. Student Resources in Context. Web. 25 Oct. 2011. "Time to kick the bottle now; Alcohol Anonymous, which turns 47 years old today, is a boon to many Bangaloreans." DNA [Daily News & Analysis] 26 June 2011. Infotrac Newsstand. Web. 25 Oct. 2011. Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions (Soft Cover). Digital image. Alcoholics Anonymous-12-steps. Alcoholics Anonymous. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. . Women Drinking. Digital image. Alcoholics Have Flawed Perception of Memory Abilities. Psych Central, 10 Nov. 2011. Web. 10 Nov. 2011. .

FC: Alcoholism | Memories lost | Family forgotten | Friends turn away | Fun? Wrong

1: Alcohol affects or can affect almost every single person alive in one way or another. It is such a big problem but so powerful and popular that it will take a lot of work to stop it. Alcohol starts affecting the person that goes out with their friends or by themselves for a drink. Then after one drink they start acting like a different person. Younger people today consume more alcohol than people in the past, so they are in more danger than people before (Peele par.3). The younger people who are drinking are keeping the amount of alcoholics at about the same rate because the amount of alcoholics is not decreasing. One of the reasons the amount of alcoholics is not decreasing is because the new alcoholics are drinking more alcohol at one time (Peele par.2). The new drinkers are of age as low as 13-14 years of age ("Implementation” par.3). | People suffer from alcohol, all people do no matter their race, gender, age, or size.

2: People that drink to much think that their drinking is a disease or they think it is a problem. People that think it is a disease usually drink more and don’t stop until they have to, but people that think it is a problem tend to stop sooner because they realize they can maybe fix it (Peele par.36). Alcoholics have to want to get help but the problem is that they usually don’t want help or normally they don’t think they need it. This problem is serious and even famous actors, professional sport players, and highly powerful people are trying to stop alcoholism ("Implementation” par.1). Between the ages of 14-25 there is more peer pressure than any other age. More alcoholics start at these ages because of peer pressure and people rarely start out of this age range ("Implementation” par.6). | The problem with alcohol is not only in America, it is spread across the entire world. The US is one of the only country that prevents alcohol until age 21. Most counties allow kids of any age to drink as well as buying alcohol too. Some countries like Switzerland, Britain, and Austria have some restrictions but they are minor. Their age restrictions for consuming and buying alcohol are age 16 (Peele par.7). These age restrictions play a huge role in what age people start and continue to drink at. There are age restrictions because young teens, kids, and adults that are inexperienced usually drink way to much and make horrible decisions (Peele par.9). On the other side, older adults of the age of 65 or higher shouldn’t drink a lot because they can’t keep down to many drinks (“Aging” par.6). Their body is weaker and their stomach is too, so they can’t keep what they drink in (“Aging” par.6).

3: Many alcoholics and regular people think that depression leads to alcohol so most depressed people lead straight to that instead of to help. But research is now showing that depression doesn’t lead to alcohol, it is the other way around. More people become depressed after they drink more than one bottle of alcohol (Aging par.1). Alcoholics usually go to a bar to get alcohol before they go to get help or talk to love ones. Alcohol can cause a lot of problems and the detoxification medicine makes it harder to withdraw from alcohol in the beginning (Bleich par.4).

4: Alcoholism prevention Alcohol prevention programs are made to stop alcohol abuse but they never call or discriminate alcoholics as alcoholics or drinkers or any other name dealing with that. The main responsibility is put on the alcoholic, they need to have the will to get help when they need it and not refuse help when it is given. The person helping the alcoholic first needs to find out how much they are drinking, either by being with them all the time or by liver testing. This could be a doctor, family member, or friend. Then they decide on a goal for them to drink the amount will decrease each time. The alcoholic should go in for check-ups on how they are doing after the first time(Peele par.30). | Alcoholics have an easier time trying to quit drinking if they have a job, a family, or a wife(Peele par.36). There are many cures or preventions to stop alcoholism but most treatment is different for each person, so the solution is that more preventions and cures need to become available in the US and in places with a lot of alcoholics(Peele par.43). Older people may believe they are smarter trying to help with that problem but it’s the older people that become drunk faster when they think they are not(Aging par.5). And the older generations will have more problems with their body, so if the older generations stop, they will most likely live longer and the younger generations could see them as an examples and stop too(Aging par.5-7).

5: Alcoholics have a horrible time trying to go through withdraw of alcohol. One man tried to stop drinking and started having mood swings, the first drink he was happy, the next he was irritated. He also began having schizophrenia of alcohol and fear of blackouts. He had cases of hallucinations and delirium tremors too(“Time” par.5-7). These are just some of the many problems alcoholics can have and it gets harder and harder as more time without alcohol but then once its all over it’s better(Bleich par.4). As alcoholics become older their symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder decreases(Bleich par.2).

6: Alcoholic Anonymous(AA) Alcoholics never truly out-grow their drinking problems, there will always be the thought of it and memory. They are always in the ‘curing’ process, and their process is usually some medication and lectures. So the alcoholics go to a group of people, mainly other alcoholics, and they talk about their problems and all they have to do is stay sober for that day(Peele par.10). Before the AA meeting starts, the group of people who are attending talk outside smoking and making friendly jokes about one another. They may have just met but they are all friendly to each other(“The” par.1). AA is a place of privacy if they need it and they don’t like to go to the press about what goes on during their meeting, but anyone is welcomed to join(“The” par.6).

7: The AA group always has a leader and the leader is the person that organized and starts off the meeting(“The” par.8). The AA group has a 12-step way that alcoholics use to rely on their family and friends, or other people instead of alcohol about their problems(“The” par.9). When the meeting is almost over, a bag of some type or a purse is passed around for donations. It is up to the people that attended to choose what they want to put in. It is just a donation, some people put in a lot, some people put in as much as they can(“The” par.12). The AA program is people getting together to talk about their problems and staying alcohol free that day. They go by one day at a time staying sober for that day(“Time” par.1). It cost nothing and all the alcoholic has to do is stay off alcohol for that day and attend the meeting(“Time” par.8). Men and women share their experiences with each other and help each person out without judging them(“Time” par.10). | Alcoholics Anonymous is not just in the US but all over the world

8: Alcoholics Anonymous started when a husband was drinking way to much all the time. His wife had enough of it so she invited him and his close friend to dinner and then made them both go upstairs and talk about why they were drinking so much and what their problems are(Doar par.5). These two men started AA with only them in it and now it has over two million members involved. This isn’t counting the people who already went through it or got help from the group in some way(Doar par.6). AA is now all over the world, having 76 thousand groups spread across 119 countries. This is how large AA is and it will keep getting bigger and it will also keep helping more and more people too(Doar par.6). Alcoholic Anonymous isn’t religous based but they do believe that spirit is stronger than man, so they want the members to share their spirit with the rest of the group(Doar par.14). | Other Solutions A community was so out of control because of alcohol abuse, the leadership of the town started a new way to cure this town. They gave the alcoholics a choice, to go to a camp and get free from alcohol, or leave the community(MacQueen par.4). 32 men and women ages 17-58 were taken to the camp to get clean(MacQueen par.3). While in this camp the alcoholics still could see their family and it wasn’t like a jail even though they were forced to go. The alcoholics learned skills that were new to some or skills that they forgot(MacQueen par12.). When a regular visitor came to visit the town, after the camp happened, he was shocked because there wasn’t men fighting on the street and it was actually peaceful for once(MacQueen par.9).

9: People want to lower the minimum drinking age to 25 but it would be a better idea to completely ban alcohol for good(“Implementation” par.2). Government should have important people that can influence teenagers not to drink talk to them when they are starting to realize what alcohol is and what it can do(“Implementation” par.5). People below the age of 25 don’t want to get help and most don’t think they need it when they actually do(“Implementation” par.7). Kids know about alcohol and drugs at ages around 10 but they don’t know the bad stuff about them. They are curious so they find out by tasting it or drinking it(“Implementation” par.8).

10: There is no one cure for alcoholism, each person started for a different reason and nobodies cure is the same. Each persons problem is unique and there are so many alcoholics it is hard to find an overall solution for each one(Peele par.43). One way that can help some alcoholics is, they can go to a clinic and instead of stopping right away, they can keep drinking but reduce the amount each day or week, whatever they decide(Peele par.17). The NIAAA made a $12 million research to find ways that go with the different types of people, so they can test a bunch of ways to cure the persons drinking problem. The one that works the best, they can try on another person and another. This way they can see which one is most effective. None of the treatments worked perfectly for each person so they found out that the cure for alcoholism is different for each person(Peele par.39). | College Prevention At colleges all across the US, there are research based programs that reduce and help prevent alcohol and alcoholism at colleges(“New” par.2). The NIAAA's rapid response program is helping influence college students to not drink and/or not drink a lot also(“New” par.6). At Northeastern University in Boston, there is one-on-one counseling for college alcoholics that can help the alcoholic students stop drinking. They can also help them stop going overboard when they do drink. The students who received this help and counseling, 6 months later, were drinking less and those that didn’t get this help were drinking the same amount they were or even more(“New” par.9).

11: Another thing that colleges did to stop alcoholism and alcohol drinking all together, was they put police patrols around campus so that the students were aware of them. The studies showed a major decrease in the students drinking mainly the heavy drinking that was going on. The students are now careful not to get caught so they either don’t drink at all, or they watch what they drink closely(“New” par.10). The other thing most colleges did was, they made the alcohol policy more available to students and curious or worried parents. They put the rules about alcohol and the basic consequences available. This helps stop them from drinking because they know how much trouble they will get into if they are caught(“New” par.11).

12: Now more and more researched based prevention strategies are increasing in numbers because there are more college alcoholics. Many colleges try to get rid of it completely so they get as many prevention techniques as possible to stop it(“New” par.4). The amount of alcoholics from ages of 18 to 24 are increasing more than any age. The amount of 18-24 year old people that admitted they were drinking and driving increased from 26.5% to 29% in a year. The amount of people that admitted to heavy drinking increased from 42% to 45%. So the colleges try to decrease these percentages. That means more and more prevention techniques need to be made or found(“New” par.5).

13: Alcoholics Anonymous Australia. Digital image. Which Retreat. NSW National Office. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. . Alcoholics Anonymous. Digital image. Alcoholics Anonymous. Baptist Church in the Great Valley, 2011. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. . Photograph. AllAboutAddiction. Www.allaboutaddiction.com. Web. 2 Dec. 2011. . "Aging boosts the effects and concerns of alcohol intake." Focus on Healthy Aging June 2009: 7. Student Resources in Context. Web. 25 Oct. 2011. "The battle with the bottle; At one level, all alcoholics are the same, and yet each needs to discover his/her own path to sobriety, writes Nivriti Butalia who, though not known to be an alcoholic, went for an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting." DNA [Daily News & Analysis] 18 Sept. 2011. Infotrac Newsstand. Web. 25 Oct. 2011.

14: Bleich, Stefan, et al. "Does alcohol craving decrease with increasing age? Results from a cross-sectional study." Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs Jan. 2011: 158+. Student Resources in Context. Web. 2 Nov. 2011. Crossed out beer bottles. Digital image. Stop Drinking Advice. Wordpress. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. . Cumberland Brewing Company Beer Bottle C1930. Digital image. Gone Country Antiques and Collectibles. Web. 9 Nov. 2011. . Despaired Alcoholism. Digital image. Photo Bucket. Diy.despair.com. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. . Doar, Robert. "Getting Better: Inside Alcoholics Anonymous." Washington Monthly June 1988: 50+. Infotrac Newsstand. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. Dry Martini Buy Wine at the Telegraph Wine Shop Picture. Digital image. Alcohol Beverages Pictures. Wordpress. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. .

15: "Implementation of existing booze laws needed; 'Let there be total ban on alcohol; if not, treatment should be compulsory for those below 25'." DNA [Daily News & Analysis] 8 July 2011. Infotrac Newsstand. Web. 25 Oct. 2011. MacQueen, Ken. "Get clean, or get out: a native band has a radical plan for dealing with alcohol abusers. And it may be working." Maclean's 30 Aug. 2010: 34+. Infotrac Newsstand. Web. 25 Oct. 2011. Man drinking alcohol. Digital image. Popping a Pill Can Help Some Alcoholics Curb Drinking. Katherine Kahn, 14 Dec. 2010. Web. 10 Nov. 2011. . "New prevention strategies emerge for college drinking problems: alcohol problems on the rise, but rapid response grants have helped." Medicine & Health 19 June 2009: 6+. Student Resources in Context. Web. 25 Oct. 2011. Olsen, Pat. Alcoholic holding beer bottle. Digital image. Malibu Beach Recovery Center. Malibu Beach Recovery Center, LLC, 2011. Web. 2 Dec. 2011. .

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