BC: The End
FC: by: Lauren Hitchings | Reformers& Inventors
1: The reform era brought many much needed changes into American cultures and industries. The mid-nineteenth century brought a big transformation. Many of those changes were sparked by reforms in areas like religion, education, inventions, and women's rights. | Importance of Reform era
2: The religious reform brought changes of all across the nation. Traditional religion was both reinforced and challenged by different groups all over America. Two successes of the Religious reform was the conversion and salvation of many souls, and that evangelical missionaries caused reforms in womens rights, prisons and hospitals, and movements to abolish slavery. | Religion
3: Second Great Awakening -this was a religious revival that swept across America offering salvation. Preachers wanted to get the word across to the common man. In the Camp meetings as many as 25,000 would attend. They sang, danced, and attempted to cleanse their spirits of evil. They used an emotional approach to religion and humanitarian efforts to do good things in society. this caused missionary work to break out throughout the country. | Charles Finney -Finney was an evangelist in the Second Great Awakening (trained as a lawyer) who preached old time religion, but with a new, more powerful voice. | Burned- over Region -It was a section of New York that was burned out by all the Puritan preachers who preached hell, fire, and brimstone. | Shakers -Shakers were lead by Mother Ann Lee. There were about 6,000 of them total. They believed in no marriage or sexual relationships of any kind. They wanted to keep their bodies completely pure. Due to no procreation they are almost completely extinct. (and they are known for their furniture)
4: The reform of education created more opportunities for learning in all areas (both wealthy and poor, male and female). The movement lead to better teachers with more training, a more expanded curriculum for students, and more funds for the school system. One success of this reform was that many people in different socio-economic situations were able to receive an education. One failure is that this opportunity for education was not able to reach to African Americans. | Education
5: Horace Mann -he was the first secretary of public education (Mass.) He pushed for longer school hours, more training for teachers, and better and safer schools. Prudence Crandall -She opened up a school for young girls. At the time girls were not expected to get a formal education. Mary Lyon -She created the first girls college; Mount Holyoke College. Noah Webster -He standardized American vocbulary. (Webster's Dictionary)
6: Women's Rights | the women's rights reform was able to gain opportunities and rights that had been denied. This movement help to break to stereotype that women were only meant for the home and to remain subordinate to her husband. One success of the women's rights movement was that women were able to become more confident and successful. One failure of the women's rights reform was that they were not able to obtain all the rights they wanted. They still had not gained suffrage at this time.
7: Susan B. Anthony -She fought for women's suffrage and was a strong women's rights activist of her time. Seneca Falls Convention - This convention was lead by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott. The Declaration of Sentiments was created at this convention. Sojourner Truth -She was an outspoken African American woman. She took took on jobs a man could not even do. Declaration of Sentiments -it was the declaration of women's rights that Stanton wrote. its was modeled after the declaration of independence but extended it to " all men AND WOMEN are created equal".
8: Inventions | The inventions created in this era changed the industries in America in ways that never seemed imaginable. They were able to simplify tasks that were once complicated. One success of the inventions was that they created jobs for people and were able to help make tasks easier for whoever was using them. One down side to the inventions of this time was the need for slavery that followed with the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney
9: Charles Goodyear - he created vulcanized rubber which helped in shoe production to make longer lasting soles for hard work. Robert Fulton -he helped improve the steamboat (Clermont Steamboat). This caused a rapid increase in steamboat building and decreased the rates for shipping in America. Cyrus McCormick - He created the mechanical reaper. His invention allowed one farmer to be able to do the work of 5 Eli Whitney - He created the cotton gin. This machine was able to get the seeds out of cotton quickly and easily. The cotton gin increased the need for slave labor.