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APES - Page Text Content

BC: The End

FC: Food and Agriculture Scavenger Hunt | Kendaliz Mata Angelis Mata Terrance Hinton

1: Norway is 4534.33 miles away and 7296.93 kilometers away from the United States. | To get this product on the shelf, it required about 2,900,000 barrels of oil.

3: The essential vitamins the body needs are: the fat soluble vitamins which are vitamins A, D, E and K, and water soluble vitamins which are B complex, C, and folate. The essential minerals are calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron, zinc, and fluorine. | Iron deficiency can cause Anemia Vitamin A deficiency causes night-blindness Iodine deficiency causes swelling of thyroids, reduced mental function and hypothyroidism

5: The difference between "cage free" eggs and "organic" eggs: Cage free eggs are eggs from birds not raised in cages. Organic eggs are eggs laid from hens that may be kept in any kind of caging system; they eat organic feed and do not receive antibiotics or vaccines. Regular eggs, organic and cage free eggs have the same nutritional contents, but all of their diets differ.

6: The difference between "natural", "100% organic", "organic" and "made with organic materials" Natural- For meat and poultry, there is a standard definition of “natural” which means the food cannot contain artificial colors, artificial flavors, preservatives or other artificial ingredients and should be minimally processed. 100% organic- these products are grown and processed according to USDA standards, which say that the product must contain only organic materials. Organic- these products are made of 95% or more materials in order to be considered organic. Made with organic materials-these products are made with atleast 70% organic materials and no more than 94%, but cannot carry the USDA seal.

9: The debate about high fructose corn syrup: Corn refiners who make it and food manufacturers argue that a calorie is a calorie; it doesn't matter whether the calorie comes from table sugar or high fructose corn syrup. | Pros -extends shelf life of processed foods -cheaper than sugar -gives baked goods better appearance, texture and moisture -manufacturers can make more profit | Cons -can lead to abnormal increase in body fat and rise in cholesterol -production requires great deal of corn that is grown as a monoculture -it is high in calories and not in nutritional value

10: Some obvious differences between the two products are the different packing; the one from the farmers market was processed and packaged by hand. The honey from the market was priced at $8.99 while the one from the grocery store was only priced between $3.00 and $5.00. | The items sold in farmers markets are healthier, organic and packaged differently than in the grocery store. If two items are compared that are sold in both places, the one from the farmers market will be more expensive because it is fresh.

12: Pros of wild caught shellfish: contain more omega 3 essential fatty acids as well as 20% more protein and 20% less calories than farm-raised fish | Cons of wild caught shellfish: Risk of overharvesting and depletion of wildlife populations | Pros of farm-raised shellfish: Lower risk of overfishing, usually cheaper, higher levels of omega 3 fatty acids | Cons of farm-raised shellfish: Leads to growth of diseases and parasites that easily spread

14: Hormones are fed to cattle to make them grow and gain weight faster, which increases meat producers' profits. In dairy cows, hormones may be used for increasing milk production. Antibiotics are given to cattle to treat them if they're sick and to prevent diseases when animals can be suceptible to infection. Antibiotics are also added to animal feed to promote growth.

16: Hormone free: Pros- more natural and pure, health benefits to humans, better for the environment Cons- can be more expensive, could potentially be unsafe; unknown possible harmful effects | Pros and cons of each type of meat:

17: Farm raised: Pros-Can be harvested more cheaply, effectively, and safely, easier to catch, process, and find Cons- diseases can spread easily Grain Fed: Pros- Less expensive, healthier because cows can get treated for disease, cattle get fed more Cons-Less money per animal to producer, large amounts of grain go to feeding cattle instead of humans Organic: Pros- More natural/healthier, no residue of hormones/antibiotics, better for the environment Cons-More expensive, cattle get fed less because theyre not grain fed Wild caught: Pros- Cons-Potential for disease and parasites, water and land pollution

18: Coffee production involves the cutting down of trees, monocropping, and the input of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. This leads to severe environmental problems such as pesticide pollution, deforestation and the extinction of songbirds due to habitat destruction. | Environmental problems with coffee production: | One of the major societal problems with coffee is caffeine, which has been related to cancer, birth defects, and heart disease. A big problem with the coffee industry is the working conditions of those in the coffee industry. They do laborious work for a very low wage. | Societal problems with coffee production:

21: The packaging of natural and regular baby food are still in traditional glass jars, while the organic baby food is in plastic. The Advantages of glass: they can be easily recycled & the food lasts longer Disadvantages: jarred foods contain preservatives (to help it last longer-not organic) Advantages of plastic: it is lighter, has more nutrients and better taste because it is usually organic Disadvantage: it doesn't contain preservatives, so it doesn't last as long as food in glass jars Neither of the three are more Eco-friendly than the other; they are all recyclable, but because glass is heavier, it increases the product footprint. (Plastic requires less energy because it is lighter)

24: Evironmental impacts of: Almond-Smaller carbon footprint because it is derived from plant source | Organic-increases methane emission but reduces pesticide use Regular- accounts for 16% of global methane emissions, more water pollution and manure, & possibly more cases or mastitis.

25: One of these is not healthier than the others because they all have differing amounts of fat, protein, calcium, and calories. However, regular milk is less healthy than all the others.

27: Some positives of using Bison are that it has higher concentrations of iron as well as some essential fatty acids. Bison also contains a greater amount of protein than other meats. Bison meat contains less fat and is overall healthier because their diet consists of hay and grass unlike the diet of other cattle such as cows.

29: Non-edible organic products are grown/produced without the use of toxic pesticides/fertilizers and synthetic chemicals. They also have a lower impact on the environment.

30: Advantages | Buying from a grocery store | Disadvantages | -Some products contain artificial colors and flavoring -Not as healthy -Inorganic | -Extended shelf life for products -Cheaper -Larger amounts of item (can buy in bulk)

31: Disadvantages | Advantages | -Local/fresh products -Healthier -Organic foods -No added chemicals/flavoring | Buying from a farmers market | -More expensive -Produce doesn't last as long -Food exposed to bugs, possible polluted air -

32: Do you think eating meat is bad for the environment?

33: Do you think vegetarianism is good for the environment?

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  • By: Kendaliz M.
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  • Title: APES
  • Scavenger Hunt
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  • Published: almost 6 years ago