FC: Somalian Genocide | In 1991 internal government problems led to Ethiopian invasion and genocide in Somalia. | Ryan Gaucher & Olivia Meek
1: Contents | Troubled Somalia Mission Extended... 5-7 Troubled Somalia Mission Extended review... 8 UN Troops cannot Stop Genocide (editorial)... 9-11 UN Troops cannot Stop Genocide review... 12-13 Quotes... 14 Somalia... 18 Somalia review... 20 Bibliography... 23
3: Fighting between pro-government forces and Islamist militias has led more than a million people to flee their homes.
5: The African Union has agreed to keep its peacekeeping force in Somalia for a further two months. But the AU's peace and security council appeared to make little progress on the problem of replacing Ethiopian troops when they leave at the end of the year. Ethiopia has rejected pleas to phase its withdrawal in co-ordination with the arrival of fresh forces. The AU force already in Mogadishu is too small to resist resurgent Islamist and nationalist fighters. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon last week rejected calls for UN peacekeepers to be sent. He said the situation in Somalia was too dangerous and there was no peace to keep. | "Troubled Somalia Mission Extended"
6: Appeal for troops The African Union "discussed in depth the situation in Somalia and decided to prolong the mandate of the mission on the ground for two months," spokesman El Ghassim Wane told the AFP news agency. He admitted the AU was "conscious of the challenges which will result" from the loss of Ethiopia's 3,000 troops. And he said the organisation, at its meeting in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, had "reiterated its appeal to member states to furnish the necessary troops" to the peacekeeping mission. The AU force currently comprises 3,400 soldiers from Uganda and Burundi - limited to parts of Mogadishu and the central town of Baidoa, where parliament is based. Nigeria, Uganda and Burundi have said they could each send a battalion - about 850 troops. But to get them there will require money and logistic support from outside Africa, which is difficult to organise in two weeks especially over the festive period, the BBC's Elizabeth Blunt in Addis Ababa says. There is almost certainly going to be a period when the present small force will be left to manage on its own, and it will have to do this on its existing, purely peacekeeping, mandate, our correspondent adds.
7: Aid agencies say some three million people need food aid - about a third of the population - but attacks by pirates and militias make it extremely difficult to deliver humanitarian assistance.
8: The article “Troubled Somalia Mission Extended” is about what the African Union is going to do when Ethiopian troops withdraw from Somalia. There are not enough troops to keep fighting the Islamist leaders as is, and request for UN troops have been denied. The UN officials say “the situation in Somalia is too dangerous, and there is no peace to keep.” There is so much violence in Somalia that the UN will not help. The world is looking the other way which is exactly what happened in the Nazi genocide in the books Night and All But My Life. Somalia has not had an adequate functioning government since 1991 and as a result the Islamists are beginning to take more and more control of the government. Hopefully the people of Somalia will not have the same fate as the victims of the Nazi genocide as seen in the books Night and All But My Life.
9: "UN Troops can not Stop Genocide" What can the world do when hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians are slaughtered because of their race, religion, class or tribe? Nearly 50 years after the defeat of Nazi genocide, the world, to all our shame, has not yet found a morally and militarily adequate response to this recurring crime against humanity. The U.N. was designed to resolve conflicts between nations and needs to proceed cautiously when extending its mandate into any country's internal affairs. Historically, it has done best by intervening only after contending parties reach a mutually acknowledged stalemate. It can then play the role of neutral peacekeeper, monitoring agreements the parties have already reached.
10: When intervention preceded effective diplomacy in Bosnia, peacekeepers felt obliged to exercise a blind neutrality that equated those who torched villages and raped women with those who defended the victims. The truth is that the outside world often cannot do much militarily about genocide until the local combatants are ready for peace. The global community is not totally helpless. Sanctions, diplomacy and denunciations put useful pressure on the bloodthirsty. In extreme cases, nearby nations and other interested parties may usefully mount a military rescue, understanding in advance the risk of becoming combatants.
11: Nearly 50 years after the defeat of Nazi genocide, the world, to all our shame, has not yet found a morally and militarily adequate response to this recurring crime against humanity.
12: The editorial “UN Troops cannot Stop Genocide” shows the author, David Unger’s, views on genocide and UN intervention for genocide in other countries. Since the Nazi genocide, the UN has been actively trying to stop genocide from reoccurring. David believes however, that the UN intervention has done nothing but make things worse. He proposes that they can not possibly know enough about the situation when they intervene, and therefore either end up supporting the wrong side or having to withdrawal their volunteer troops. This is evident in Somalia where both sides seem to be harmful to the civilians and supporting one or the other is not helpful. He says that the UN should not intervene until both sides have reached an agreement...
13: The UN should then act as the “peace keepers” based on this agreement rather than try to support one side or the other. It is evident that the author is disappointed in humanity’s efforts to prevent genocide when he says “Nearly 50 years after the defeat of Nazi genocide, the world, to all our shame, has not yet found a morally and militarily adequate response to this recurring crime against humanity.”
14: "We recieved no food. We lived on snow; it took the place of our bread." (Wiesel page, 100). The SS in charge of these Jews treated them like animals, except worse. At least you try to keep the animals that you are traveling with alive. "What does one say to someone who knows that in a few days she won't be alive anymore" (Weissman page, 172). The sick were not even cared for, they were just sent off to be killed. "One girl spotted a milk can...Mercy! Mercy! she pleaded. (Weissman page, 192). This girl was shot for wandering over to a can of milk in hopes of finding food. These sections of nonfiction literature completely demonstrate mans inhumanity to man. You can see this in the Holocaust and modern genocide as well.
17: "Down with the unbelievers and down with the dollar receivers." | The lack of an effective government has led to the rise of piracy off the Somali coast.
18: "Somalia" For the first time in decades -- including 21 years of dictatorship and the 18 years of chaos that followed -- Somalia's new leader has both widespread grass-roots support inside the country and extensive help from outside nations, according to analysts and many Somalis. Much of the world is counting on Sheik Sharif to tackle piracy and beat back the spread of militant Islam, two Somali problems that have flared into major geopolitical ones. Al Qaeda appears to be drawing closer to Somali insurgents in an effort to turn the country into a launching pad for global jihad.
20: The article “Somalia” is a basic summary of the genocide in Somalia. It explains the internal government conflict and the harsh effects of the fighting that has gone on so far. The article describes the destruction of Somalia as well. “For decades, generals, warlords and warrior types have reduced this once languid coastal country in Eastern Africa to rubble.” The same thing happened to Germany and the countries it attacked in WWII. The once beautiful countryside and neighborhoods were turned to wastelands after constant bombing and fighting. Somalia and the Nazi genocide both show that man’s greatest enemy is himself and that we are destroying each other.
23: Bibliography | Klein, Gerda Weissmann. All but My Life. New York: Hill and Wang, 1995. Print. "BBC NEWS | Africa | Troubled Somalia Mission Extended." BBC NEWS | News Front Page. Web. 21 Apr. 2010.