FC: Front Cover
1: Ancient River Valley Civilization Classical Era Post Classical Asia/Africa Medieval Europe Renaissance/Reformation Enlightenment/Revolutions World War 1 World War 2 Cold War | Table of Contents | Pages 2-3 Pages 4-5 Pages 5-6 Pages 7-8 Pages 9-10 Pages 11-12 Pages 13-14 Pages 15-16 Pages 17-18
2: ancient river valley civilization About 5000 years ago there was a place where the first Civilization , which is a group of people that live together in peace, was located. This was located in the river valleys throughout the southern half of Asia and northern Africa . This place was known as the Ancient River Valley Civilizations. One Example is Hammurabi's code .Hammurabi established his kingdom which was centered in Babylon. He wrote a set of laws called Hammurabi's code. He established a series of written laws, describing the various violations, and what the appropriate punishments would be if someone was caught . Examples are an eye for an eye , and if you're caught stealing something then you get your hand cut off. This code is a very important part of our history.
3: What if If Hammurabi had not written his code of law then our life would be really different today. I think that there would be more crimes committed because nobody would have had anything done to them if they committed a crime. No one would have learned anything if there hadn't been a punishment enforced. I think that the only thing that would have happened is crimes being committed. Since there would be no punishment then we everyone would do it. I believe that the world would be a much more unsafe and crime filled place.
4: Classical Greece/Rome In Athens they had this government called a democracy, which means people like you and me get to decide everything. The reason that Athens has a democracy is because there was a big fight called the Trojan War. So the people that were making the changes (the enlightenment thinkers) decided that the best way to solve the problems was to come up with a new type of government , the democracy. Besides Athens , other parts of Greece has some really cool stuff. There are pretty mountains and a lot of houses that are right next to the ocean. The first people to show up in Greece were the Mycenaens. They lived on a mountain and they were the best fighters. Another cool thing that the Greek did was they made up stories. These stories were called myths. In these stories there was love , hate , and jealousy. And all of the people in the stories were invincible , cool, and strong. All in all Greece was a pretty cool place to be.
5: What if What if Athens hadn't come up with democracy? What if the enlightenment thinkers hadn't thought about making changes? Many things in our lives would be different because everything that we have today is based on democracy. It is the type of government that we have today and i believe that if we didn't have it then our country would be a big mess!. An example of why iIthink we wouldn't get along well is our president. Without our president we wouldn't have someone to guide us. If we had a leader but we didn't have democracy our leader but probably be a very bad and mean person. So many things would be different and maybe not for the best
6: Post Classical Asia/Africa Once upon a time there was a group of people called the Bantu-Speaking people. And one time they migrated. To migrate means that you move from one place to another. Scientists don’t know the actual reason for the Bantu-Speaking people to migrate but there are some guesses. One guess is that they learned that they could grow plants for food. And soon all the people there were growing there food instead of hunting. And since there was a lot more food now then the number of people went up as well. This meant that there wasn’t any room for any one so they had to move to a new place. The new place was Africa. Another example is in Asia. The Silk Road. The Silk Road is world's oldest and most historically important trade routes. It from China to Rome and is 4000 miles long. This route was what started trade.
7: If the Mongols hadn't opened the silk road for trading we obviously wouldn't have some of the products we have today. Each place had something the other wanted. Rome had gold and silver and precious gems. China had silk and spices and ivory. Nobody would have gotten what they wanted if the Mongols hadn't allowed people to trade using the silk road. I'm sure that the trade helped the economy a lot back then as well so it was helping businesses.
8: Medieval Europe Long ago there was a man named Justinian. He was a powerful leader of the Roman empire. He was the man who ran the catholic church. He lived in the great and wonderful city of Constantinople . He came up with a bunch of rules known as Justinian's code. This code was basically the start of what we have today. The Bill of rights. Another Part of Medieval Europe was the way people lived. There was a social structure , which means that people were put into different groups and thats how they lived. There were the mighty kings, the brave knights, the nice ladies. And then there were the people like you and me. The Merchants, and Farmers. But being normal wasn't bad at all . They had awesome feasts and festivals which is like big parties for lots of people at a time. Things weren't all good though. All over Europe a disease was attacking. And this sickness was called the Black plague. The plague killed over 25 million people in about two years.
9: What if If the Black Plague hadn't happened then a lot of people would have lived a longer. Whole families had been wiped out. Even entire villages had been killed because of the plague. People lived in such a fear because they were afraid they weren't going to live much longer. If the Black Plague had not attacked Western Europe then there wouldn't be such a fear about it. And 1/3 of Europe's population wouldn't have died. there might have even been more people in Europe today if the sickness hadn't killed so many people.
10: Once upon a time there was a town that was going through a lot of changes, the town was called Reformaissance. In this town there were a lot of advancements taking place, including many new inventions, technologies, and styles of art. These advancements started to change their culture. Along with change, education became more powerful; changing Europe, along with many other surrounding countries. As Europe changed, other places began to adapt to their culture, learn their ways to their cultures, and become like Europeans. William Shakespeare was one of the many people who helped shape Europe. He was a famous poet and playwright. He impacted the world in areas of literature, art, culture, and theater. Reformaissance was not only changing culturally, but also religiously. Many of the people were trying to pay the people of the church for their sins, and many people thought it was unfair and not right. One main person who was against this idea was, Martin Luther. Martin Luther wrote the 95 thesis. The 95 thesis was a list of things that they wanted to replace the previous rules of the church. He took the 95 thesis and posted on the door of a church. Soon after, they changed many of the Roman Churches into Protestant churches. The changes were called The Renaissance, and the church problems were called The Reformation; giving this town its name.
11: What if the Catholic Church had been quicker to address Martin Luther? If the Catholic Church were quicker to reply to Martin Luther, then a lot of people would have realized that the Church was taking their money for an unfair reason. Just because they give the church money does not exactly mean that their sins are completely gone. Many of the people would not have been taken advantage of a well. | Martin Luther <--------
12: Enlightenment was a time that stressed the use of reason as the best method for learning the truth. One example of this came from a man named Thomas Hobbes. Hobbes believed that Europe should have been ruled by one ruler and felt that by nature, people were self-serving. After Hobbes, a man named John Locke who believed the complete opposite of Hobbes. Locke believed in having a representative government. In fact, the separation of powers was influenced by the ideas of Locke. The main thing that killed the Enlightenment was all of the revolutions. Not only enlightenment happened during this period; many revolutions were also going on at this time. The main revolution was the Industrial Revolution. This was a time where inventions of machinery had helped make daily life a lot easier for colonists. This revolution was a change from hand-made items that took forever to make, to machine-made items that took half the time of hand-made items. Another Revolution was the Glorious Revolution. The Glorious revolution was when English Protestants overthrew the Catholic King James 2, and replaced him with the Protestant Monarchs, William and Mary.
13: What if the colonists did not embrace enlightenment ideas? If they did not embrace these ideas then people may have been making things by hand for a long time afterwards. With all of their time being put into making things by hand, there would not be very much time left over to do things that mattered to them. In addition, if the colonist did not embrace these ideas, then the ideas would not have spread as far and as fast as they did. It would have taken many years for everyone to discover machinery.
14: What if Germany had not been solely blamed for world war one? Germany wouldn't have gotten mad and retaliated. They also would have been easily persuaded to not start world war 2. If they weren't as mad for being completely blamed for something that wasn't completely their fault, world war two may not have happened in the first place.
15: Once upon a time there were 2 best friends names Serbia and Germany. One day Germany killed Serbia's other best friend, Archduke Fernidad. That really got Serbia mad and soon after Serbia and Germany became enemies. Germany started a gang called the central powers and Serbia started a gang called the allies. All of the fights between the two enemies were on the western front was also full of trenches. Trenches are long holes in the ground where soldiers would live and fight from. Many soldiers would die from medical conditions just as well from warfare. Finally the US came in and helped the allies win. The two enemies signed the treaty of Versailles stating Germany was to blame for everything.
16: Once upon a time there was a horrible leader named Hitler. Hitler was the leader of a country named Germany, but Germany was in trouble. They were blamed for a fight they caused. So Hitler started world war 2 because he was so angry. Hitler had concentration camps open where he would get rid of Jews and people he thought where inferior to the Aryan race. Hitler showed a lot of anti-semitism. This means he showed prejudice and hostility towards the Jewish people. Both great Britain and France got mad at Germany and Hitler because they were killing innocent people so they declared war on them. Uh-oh... Theres another bad guy, but these people are called Japanese. Japan joined Germany in the war and bombed the US. Soon after, the US bombed Japan throwing Japan out of the war. The genocide was soon over with the Nuremberg trials. These trials were held to prosecute nazi leaders and people who participated in the holocaust. 177 people were tried with over 130 found guilty.
17: What if Britain and France had not used appeasement as their foreign policy? Appeasement is when British and French allowed the mean leader, Hitler, to continue with his mean policy in order to create peace between them. I'd they didn't go along with appeasement then they could have helped the US fight and so the war would have been shorter. Also, if they didn't go along with appeasement, less innocent people would have died, saving millions of lives
18: Once upon a time there lived two enemies, these two enemies’ were named USSR and US. Both enemies both came out of World War 2 as the strongest nations, and they both had completely different political and economical systems. Both tried to make the world like them and tried to make their enemy the underdog. However, these two enemies did have one thing in common; they both did not want to use any nuclear warfare so they signed SALT, or Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. USSR was for communism and the US was against communism. USSR was constantly trying to make his countries communist, while the US was trying to prevent the countries from turning communist. As a result, the US created NATO, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This was made by the US to help prevent communism in other countries. The USSR got mad and created the Warsaw Pact. Soon later, the leader of the USSR, Stalin, died making the cold war activities worse. The tension calmed down gradually and the people of eastern Europe overthrew their communist governments and the soviet union broke apart into 15 independent countries.
19: What if the US had not adopted the theory of containment? If the Us had not adopted the theory of containment then communism might have been gone faster than if we had. Conservatives argued that USA policy should be to force communism out of areas it already occupied. To the right wing in American politics, containment was a cowardly response, while the strong response was to push communism back. But Harry Truman, the president at the time, decided to leave communism in areas it was already in.