S: Civil War
FC: Civil War Technologies
1: Railroad Telegraph Rifle/Minie Ball Photography Ironclads | Technologies:
2: Railroads Railroads influenced the nation's transportation system and raised economic growth by 1860 because it allowed a quick transportation of soldiers and weaponry to long distances. Both sides of the war worked to construct miles of railroad; the North dominated in this field of technology with 22,000 miles of railroad tracks while the South had just 9,000. In 1863, construction of a transcontinental railroad began to link the US from east to west. The Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroad Companies raced to complete the task until they met at Promontory, Utah.
4: Telegraph By 1860, about 50,000 miles of telegraph line stretched around the country. During the civil war more than 1 million telegraphs were sent, and President Lincoln sent close to 1,000 of them to stay in direct communication with generals in the field. The Union achieved a lot of use from the telegraph, creating a civilian staffed bureau to handle the messages. Both sides of the war would use code breakers to decode the messages they captured from the enemy.
6: Rifle/Minie Ball The Minie Ball revolutionized warfare as it was easily loaded and deadly accurate. It was a cylindrical bullet that was accurate for up to 400 yards. The smoothbore rifle became the most common infantry weapon on both sides, and was named for its grooves along the sides which allowed the bullet to spin as it headed towards the target. The advances in weapons during the Civil War enabled soldiers to fight at greater distances, causing longer battles and more causalities.
8: Photography Matthew Brady decided to make a record of the conflict through photography, and hired a staff to do so. His photos allowed the people to see glimpses of the massacre, and sold them to the government for $25,000. Because of photography, millions of Americans had the ability to see what was going on, and today they are among the most important images.
10: Ironclads Ironclads revolutionized naval warfare, and allowed for open combat. The battle between the Monitor (Union) and Merrimack (Confederates) was the first duel between ironclad warships, known as the Battle of Hampton Roads. The Merrimac was armed with 10 guns, and destroyed two U.S Navy warships.