BC: JASMINE! :)
FC: CRYONICS! | By:Jasmine Grant
1: The term "cryonics" has two definitions. First, it is a field of scientific research which seeks to use technological means to cool living tissue, organs, and organisms to the point where physical decay stops indefinitely, and then aims to restore them once more to normal healthy functioning. Secondly, it is the actual practice of cooling individuals and maintaining them indefinitely until some form of scientific restoration becomes possible. We will be talking about the second definition of Cryonics. | WHAT IS CRYONICS??????
2: WHAT IS THE HISTORY OF CRYONICS?????? | Benjamin Franklin suggested in a 1773 letter that it might be possible to preserve human life in a suspended state for centuries. In 1922 Alexander Yaroslavsky, member of Russian immortalists-biocosmists movement wrote "Anabiosys Poem". In 1924 soviet communists prepared to freeze Vladimir Lenin's body. in 1928 famous soviet poet Vladimir Mayakovsky has wrote "Klop" poem described cryopreservation for 50 years.rs.
3: WHO CAME UP WITH THE MODERN THEORIES BEHIND CRYONICS? | In 1964, Robert C. W. Ettinger, mathematician and physics professor , published a book called "The Prospect Of Immortality". Basicly the idea in Ettinger's book was that if a person dying today were cooled quickly enough, he or she could reasonably expect to be restored to life at some point in the future. Ettinger can be said to have developed the second definition of Cryonics.
4: HAS CRYONICS BEEN SUCCESSFUL ON ANYONE SO FAR?????? | Cryonics has not been successful on anyone so far. No human has ever been revived from temperatures below freezing. Cryonic patients are cared for in the hope that a technology continues to progress, the means to revive dead humans will be discovered.
5: DO YOU HAVE TO BE DEAD TO BE A CRYONIC PATIENT?????? | Law requires cryonics patients to be legally dead, but this does not mean they are biologically dead. Under ideal conditions, cryonics can begin moments after the heart stops beating. Blood circulation and breathing are then artificially restored, keeping cells of the brain and the rest of the body biologically alive during the early stages of the procedure.
6: WHO IS THE OLDEST CRYONIC PATIENT???????????????? | The oldest patient currently still being held in cryopreservation is a Dr. James Bedford, who was suspended in 1967. He's survived the Cold War, the Vietnam War, the Gulf War, Watergate, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the 9/11 attacks - which is more than many of the other patients can say.
8: HOW SOON SHOULD SCIENTISTS WAIT TO START CRYONIC PROCEDURES AFTER A PERSON HAS DIED??????????????? | Cryonics procedures should ideally begin within the first one or two minutes after the heart stops, and preferably within 15 minutes. Longer delays place a greater burden on future technology to reverse injury and restore the brain to a healthy state, and make it less likely that the correct original state can be determined. | Cryonics procedures should ideally begin within the first one or two minutes after the heart stops, and preferably within 15 minutes. Longer delays place a greater burden on future technology to reverse injury and restore the brain to a healthy state, and make it less likely that the correct original state can be determined.
9: WHEN WILL CRYONIC PATIENTS BE REVIVED?????????? | That depends on when they are cryopreserved, the specific details of how well they are cryopreserved, and how rapidly future medical technologies progress. | Cryonics technology is always improving; it is better now than it was in 2000, which was better than it was in 1990, which was much better than the horrible techniques used on the first cryonics patients in the late 1960s. Scientists are prepared fro however long it will take.
10: IS THERE ANY PROOF THAT CRYONICS WILL EVER WORK???????? | There are many reasons to believe that cryonic procedures will work one day because many biological specimens have been cryopreserved. stored at liquid norogen temperature where all decay ceases and then revived. these include whole insects, vinegar eels, many types of human tissue including brain tissue, human embryos which have later grown into healthy children, and a few small mammalian organs.
11: WHAT DO SCIENTISTS SAY ABOUT CRYONICS????????? | Gregory Benford-" Cryonics is a legitimate science based endeavor" | Dr. Ralp Merkle- "It is unreasonable to say that cryonics will not work" | Mike O'Neal-" Future technologies for resuscitation can be envisioned".
12: WORKS CITED! http://www.imminst.org/cryonics_letter/ http://www.cryonics.org/prod.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryonics#History http://www.alcor.org/cryomyths.html#myth5 http://www.cryonicssociety.org/aboutcryonics_science.html
14: HOW MUCH DOES IT COST TO HAVE CRYONIC RESEARCH PERFORMED ON YOUR BODY???? | The minimum fee for cryopreservation at the Cryonics Institute is is $28,000 -- a one-time fee, due at time of death. And though it can be paid in cash, usually a member has a life insurance policy made that pays the amount to CI upon death. To have all this and also to have a cryonics team wait by the bedside ("Standby") to perform rapid cooling and cardiopulmonary support upon pronouncement of death can sometimes be paid for by a larger life insurance policy. But many CI Members simply take the $28,000 option, without Standby, which can cost around $30 a month for someone starting his insurance when middle aged and in good health.
15: SO... | Cryonic developments could cause organs to be preserved and banked for when people needed them. Food could be preserved indefinitely for future crises or famines. Man could travel the long light-years between the stars. Endangered species would be endangered no more. And sick people days or months or years away from a cure could be helped to reach that cure, and to live. | Cryonics could allow organs to be preserved and banked for when people needed them. Food could be preserved indefinitely for future crises or famines. Man could travel the long light-years between the stars. Endangered species would be endangered no more. And sick people days or months or years away from a cure could be helped to reach that cure, and to live. Scientists are moving quick in their research and development of the methods of Cryonics!