FC: Donatello: Putting it into Perspective
1: By Megan Mallonee
2: Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi was born in Florence, Italy in 1386. Our story begins in Lorenzo Ghiberti's studio, where Donatello was an apprentice. Ghiberti recently won a competition to design these gold doors.
3: The doors came to be known as the "Gates of Paradise" and were inspirational to Donatello later on. Ghiberti had a huge influence on Donatello and his technique.
5: Growing up, Donatello always wanted to make a difference. He had a special way of looking at art- which changed the way sculptors work forever. He was inspired by ancient sculptures and had a strong interest in human life- which assisted him in showing expression.
7: One day, Donatello was working in Ghiberti's studio when an idea came to him. What if he could make a sculpture look more real than other artists did? He became determined to change this and started using what is now called "perspective," which shows distance in art.
9: Donatello began to portray the beauty of the human body better. Perhaps instead of all the boring sculptures he could make nude statues that showed people what the person was feeling or doing. From there on, Donatello became known for his "lifelike" sculptures.
10: After this idea came to him, he sculpted his most popular statue, the bronze David. He created it in 1408. This was the first sculpture of David, and the first nude statue of the Renaissance. It became a symbol of the Florentine Republic.
11: Like most of Donatello's art, this is a religious sculpture. He was Roman Catholic and all artwork had to be approved by the church at that time.
12: In addition to training in a goldsmiths workshop, he was educated in the house of the Martelli family. He also studied Roman Ruins with his partner, Michelozzo.
13: However, Donatello was not considered as cultured and smart as Leonardo. The patrons thought of him as being hard to work with! He had a hard time getting their approval because he liked to do his own thing.
14: After he built the bronze David, Donatello continued to make realistic sculptures, studying the human body to make them better. His friends Masaccio and Cosimo de Medici helped him out and gave him ideas. Do your friends help you when you need it?
16: About 3 years after David, Donatello sculpted a large marble St. Mark. This went outside the Orsanmichele, a church in Florence.
18: From 1418-1420, Donatello was making this sandstone lion, Marzocco. | He used many materials for his sculptures, including marble, bronze, terracotta, and wood.
19: Above is the shallow relief called St. George and the Dragon. It shows his use of perspective. A relief is carved into a flat surface.
20: Donatello made many more beautiful sculptures and carvings throughout his life. Because he was one of the earliest artist of the Renaissance, he had an impact on the way many artists used perspective. He greatly influenced Michaelangelo. This sculptor left behind a legacy that will be remembered forever.