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Georgia O'Keeffe

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S: Georgia O'Keeffe

BC: Kendra Crisp Visual Arts I Spring Semester

FC: Georgia O'Keeffe | http://sunshineandraindrops.wikispaces.com/file/view/Georgia_O%27Keeffe.jpg/75152015/Georgia_O%27Keeffe.jpg

1: Georgia O'Keeffe 1887-1986

2: 1 | Georgia O’Keeffe was born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin in 1887. At a young age her attentions were divided between art and music. She studied both the piano and violin, which both her parents played as she was growing up. Music remained an important part of her art, but she dedicated her life to painting. She attended the Art Institute of Chicago in 1905 and worked as a commercial artist.

3: She also received training from the Art Students League of New York in 1907 to 1908, the University of Virginia in 1912, and Columbia University's Teacher's College in 1914 to 1916. She became an art teacher and from the years 1911 to 1918 she taught in numerous elementary schools, high schools, colleges in Virginia, Texas, and South Carolina. Also, she made a series of charcoal drawings. | http://images.artnet.com/artwork_images_1140_378075_georgia-okeeffe.jpg

4: 2 | Alon Bement, O’Keeffe’s mentor, introduced her to the idea of direct transliteration from music to art. She liked the idea because it emphasized the similarity of the abstract nature of music and that of art, a relationship she knew well. While in South Carolina, she studied harmony and balance with Arthur Dow. Dow affected her start and helped her find a style of her own.

5: 3 | http://kingfishers.ednet.ns.ca/art/gallery/exhibit/abstract/OKeeffe-blue_and_green_music-1919.jpg

6: 4 | Bement suggested Kandisky's "The Art of Spiritual Harmony" which greatly influenced her work with the way Kandisky expressed mood. One of America's earliest abstractionist, Arthur Dove, helped O'Keeffe better understand the relationship of Kandisky's paintings. In later years, O'Keeffe's paintings provided inspiration for Dove's artwork.

7: O'Keeffe caught a photographer's, Alfred Stieglitz, attention. He exhibited her drawings in the 291 gallery. | His encouragement and promise of financial support caused O'Keeffe to abandon teaching and she arrived in New York in June 1918 to start her career as an artist. The two lived together and were married in 1924.The ups and downs of their personal and professional relationship showed in his photography over the course of twenty years.

8: 5 | http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/geok/hd_geok.htm | http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/69.278.1

9: Her inspiring trips to Lake George, New York started her magnified paintings of flowers in 1924. Enlarging the flowers made the painting look abstract, but it was only her observation of nature. | As a member of the Stieglitz circle, O'Keeffe was associated with painters and photographers. Their discussions and examples of art influenced O'Keeffe's work. During the 1920s she painted a series of architectural pictures that were of the skyscrapers in New York.

10: 6 | Toward the end of the decade, the stress of dealing with the New York art world, growing boredom of Lake | George, and diminishing relationship with Stieglitz affected O'Keeffe's physical and mental health. So, she made a trip to New Mexico in 1929. The visit had a lasting impact on her life and her artwork. From 1929 to 1949 she made annual trips to New Mexico staying for half a year until she finally moved there permanently in 1949. While there her first Southwestern paintings were Cow's Skull: Red, White, and Blue and Cow's Skull with Calico Roses.

11: http://psyc.queensu.ca/~psyc382/okefskul.jpg | http://www.terminartors.com/files/artworks/1/6/5/16513/OKeeffe_GeorgiaCows_Skull_Red_White_and_Blue.jpg

12: 7 | She started painting skeletal objects and the landscape imagery in New Mexico and she believed that bones symbolized the beauty of the desert not death. Between 1943 and 1945 she explored variations of bone themes of convex and concave surfaces, and solid and open spaces. The bones of the desert sparked O'Keeffe's imagination, but the landscape kept her attention for more than four decades. She painted rocks, cliffs, and mountains close-up as she had done her with flowers.

13: http://www.artst.org/albums/okeeffe/1944%20-%20Black%20Hills%20I.jpg

14: 8 | O'Keeffe eventually owned two houses north of Santa Fe, one her summer home in Ghost Ranch and the other used as her winter residence in Abiquiu. Both locations provided imagery for her paintings, but the large walled patio with its black door of the Abiquiu house was especially inspirational. Between 1946 and 1960 she reinvented the patio into an abstract arrangement of geometric shapes.

15: 9 | 9 | http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/geok/hd_geok.htm

16: From 1950s to 1970s O'Keeffe traveled to the Far East, the Middle East, and Europe. Flying in airplanes inspired her last two major series—aerial views of rivers and paintings of the sky above the clouds. In these series she increased the size of her canvases. This may have been because of her new view of the world. The seven works in her Sky Above Clouds series are the most dramatic of her later years. When in 1965 she translated this motif to a monumental canvas measuring 24 feet in length (with the help of assistants), it was an challenge and a special accomplishment for an almost eighty year old artist. | h

17: http://www.saleoilpaintings.com/paintings-image/georgia-o-keeffe/georgia-o-keeffe-sky-above-the-clouds.jpg | ttp://www.artst.org/albums/okeeffe/1963%20-%20Sky%20Above%20Clouds%20II.jpg | http://arttattler.com/Images/NorthAmerica/NewYork/Guggenheim/Georgia%20OKeeffe/24-OKeeffe_Sky-Above-Clouds-III.jpg | http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/citi/images/standard/WebLarge/WebImg_000001/8222_355125.jpg | http://www.nga.gov/fcgi-bin/timage_f?object=68980.0&oimage=0&c= | http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/geok/hd_geok.htm

18: The last two decades of her life were unproductive because of her ill health and blindness hindered her her ability to work. Her ashes were scattered over the New Mexico landscaped after she died in 1986 at the age of ninety-eight. Her legacy of about 900 paintings has continued to attract generations of artists and art lovers who obtain inspiration from these very American images.

19: http://www.onthespiritualinart.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/early-no_-2_-o_keeffe_-1915_-charcoal-on-paper_-61-x-47.jpg | http://www.elledecor.com/files/web/u54/1-Georgia_O_Keeffe.jpg | http://media40.wnyc.net/media/photologue/photos/cache/2%20OKeeffe_Red%20and%20Yellow%20Cliffs_1940_MMA_storyslide_image.jpg

20: http://www.observer.com/files/full/georgia-o%27keeffe---getty.jpg

21: 10 | Work Cited | Messinger, Lisa. "Georgia O'Keeffe (1887–1986)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/geok/hd_geok.htm (October 2004) | ""SPACE" in Georgia O'Keeffe's Art by Nohra Corredor." Home Page EcologicalArt.org. Web. 01 June 2011. .

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