1: Tropical, hot; humid in lowlands, cooler in highlands Mountainous with a small desert, sand dunes, and hilly valleys. 2 mountain chains divide it in to three regions: the highlands, the pacific coast, and Petén region | Mountainous and desert regions don't help with keeping water for crops and plants, etc. The natural disasters and volcanoes can slow and destroy crop production
2: Main agricultural crops are bananas, cotton, coffee, and sugar.
3: Other crops include cacao, hemp, and essential oils
4: 42, 042 square miles and 13,824,463 people | Spanish(main), 21 Mayan languages, 23 dialects aren't considered national languages
5: The first evidence of human settlers in Guatemala demonstrates a presence at least as early as 12,000 BC. Some evidence suggests a presence as early as 18,000 BC the Spanish started several expeditions to Guatemala, beginning in 1519. Before long, Spanish contact resulted in an epidemic that devastated native populations The first capital was named Tecpan Guatemala, founded on July 25, 1524 On September 15, 1821, the Captaincy-general of Guatemala (formed by Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Honduras) officially proclaimed its independence from Spain and its incorporation into the Mexican Empire, which was dissolved two years later
6: When people pass away in Guatemala, they bury them quickly to insure a quick passage to Heaven. Also crying loudly is said to slow down the passage to Heaven but they do it anyway except at children's funerals. The decease's possessions are buried with them to prevent them from coming back to haunt individuals.
7: February 2-4 Coffee Harvest Celebration August 15: Día de la Asunción November 1-2: Día de Todos los Santos (All Saints Day) and Día de Los Mertos (Day of the Dead) December 13-21: Tribute to Santo Tomás
8: Guatemalan Ceviche 4 large tomatoes , diced 2 lbs medium shrimp , peeled and deveined 1 onion , diced 1 bunch cilantro , diced (fresh coriander) 1 jalapeno , diced 12 lemons , squeezed 8 tablespoons ketchup , secret ingredient 1 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce salt and pepper (how much...up to you!)
9: GRANDIOSO GUATEMALAN CHOCOLATE ECLAIR 1 box graham crackers 2 boxes instant vanilla pudding 4 c. milk 1 med. container Cool Whip 1 can ready to spread chocolate frosting Strawberries (if you wish to use as a topping)
10: Salpicon de Res Beef flank or skirt steak -- 2 to 2 1/2 pounds Onion, chopped -- 1 Olive oil -- 1/3 cup Vinegar -- 1/4 cup Oregano -- 1 or 2 teaspoons Salt and pepper -- to taste Tomatoes, seeded and chopped -- 3 Onion, thinly sliced -- 1 Serrano chiles, chopped or minced -- 3 Avocado, chopped -- 2
11: Chirmol Chapin - Spoonful of frijoles volteados - 2 eggs, any style you like, topped with chirmol - slices of avocado, papaya, or any other fruit - corn tortillas or bread rolls - slice of cheese, such as queso fresco Chirmol - 6 plum tomatoes - 1 small onion, finely chopped - 1 clove of garlic, minced - 1 jalapeno, seeded and minced - a dash (or squeeze) of lemon juice - kosher salt to taste
12: Chicken Pepian 1 pound fresh tomatillos 1 large poblano pepper (about 2 1/2 to 3 ounces), seeded and cut into 4 pieces 2 tablespoons olive oil 1/2 cup raw unsalted pumpkin seeds 5 peppercorns | 2 whole allspice 1/2 teaspoon whole cumin seed 1 medium onion, chopped 4 cloves garlic, minced 1 cup chopped fresh cilantro leaves, plus 1/4 cup for garnish 1 cup low-sodium chicken broth 1 medium (2-inch) jalapeno pepper, seeded and roughly chopped 1/2 teaspoon salt 4 (6-ounce) boneless skinless chicken breast halves, pounded to 1/2-inch thickness Lime wedges
13: Cilantro-green and leafy , Cinnamon-brown sticks, Chili- red pod like . Cardamom-brown or green pods, parsley- leafy green Exoctic Foods include Fiambre and Kak'ik