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Jefferson Presidency

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BC: The End | "Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today." Thomas Jefferson | Drew Litrenta Jacob Kolbeck

FC: March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801 | Jefferson's Presidency

1: The Louisiana Purchase Jefferson purchased it form France for $11,250,000 plus cancellation of debts worth $3,750,000, for a total sum of 15 million dollars (less than 3 cents per acre) for the Louisiana territory | Foreign Affairs

2: Florida | He issued vague threats while offering to purchase the land, though Spain wouldn't consider his offers. In 1805 Spain was his ally and Spain had no desire to cede its only source of leverage against an expanding America. Revelations of the bribe Jefferson offered to France over the matter provoked outrage and weakened Jefferson's hand, and he subsequently gave up on Florida.

3: The Barbary War | Jefferson, fearing that the increased cost of tribute may financially devastate the federal treasury, decided to send in both naval and United States Marine Corps forces into Tripoli. The First Barbary War saw a victory for the U.S. Marines who "marched to the shores of Tripoli". United States was considered a victor when peace was signed in 1805, by buying out the Barbary pirates for $60,000.

4: The Shawnee leader Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa were leading raids against American settlements in the Ohio Valley. Attempting to form a confederation of Indian people in the Northwest Territory, the two brothers would be a continual source of irritation to westward settlers. Under Jefferson the first Indian relocation began from the southern states. | Native American relations

5: Banning the slave trade | During his presidential term, Jefferson was disappointed that the younger generation was making no move to abolish slavery, he largely avoided the issue until 1806. Seeing that in 1808 the twenty-year constitutional ban on ending the international slave trade would expire, in December 1806 in his presidential message to Congress, he called for a law to ban it. Jefferson signed the new law and the international trade became illegal in January 1808.

6: Domestic Affairs | Continuation of Federalist policies | Jefferson continued the basic Hamiltonian programs of the national bank and tariffs. While the Sedition Act expired on schedule in 1801, and one of the Alien acts was repealed, those who were imprisoned under the Sedition Act were released. The Federalists also allowed Jefferson to select his own cabinet members and other high level appointees.

7: Federalists Party | Feeling that most Adams Federalists, who were more moderate in outlook than the High Federalists who followed Hamilton, could be turned to the Republican Party, Jefferson kept most in their existing positions. the Federalists refused to accept the political campaigning practiced by the Republicans and were aghast at populist appeals made by that party. Federalist leaders John Adams and John Jay retired from public life and Alexander Hamilton was killed in a duel with Vice-President Aaron Burr leaving the party without strong leadership.

8: Federalists Party cont. | As the nation began to expand the ideas of Jeffersonian democracy appealed more to the voters than the Federalist calls for stronger central government and higher taxation. By 1805, the Federalists remained strong only in the New England states and Delaware while moderate Federalists joined the Republican Party. Possibly the most damaging defection was John Quincy Adams, son of Federalist President John Adams.

9: Judiciary | Jefferson was highly suspicious of the judges appointed by his predecessors; his opinion of good judges was much higher: one of his arguments for a bill of rights would be the power they would give the judiciary. At his urging, Congress repealed the Judiciary Act of 1801. Marshall's influence on the Court would help to firmly entrench the supremacy of the federal government. One of the first cases Marshall was asked to decide was that of William Marbury, one of the "midnight judges" who was requesting that the Court issue a writ of mandamus to Secretary of State James Madison ordering the delivery of the judicial commissions. The resulting case, Marbury v. Madison, set the landmark precedent of judicial review for the Supreme Court.

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