S: Manor Life
BC: "Daily Life of a Noble Lord in the Middle Ages." Middle Ages. Web. 15 Dec. 2011.
FC: Manor Life | Sydney Beltz
1: Manor Life | By: Sydney Beltz
2: Nobles | In the Middle Ages, noblemen were the rulers. Their day started at dawn. It was their duty to insure that the peasants and churchmen were defended so that they could live in peace and act as judges to handle disputes.
3: Nobles | The name comes from the belief that they were to act in a noble manner. Since nearly all nobles were knights, it was their duty to protect the peasants and the Church from enemies.
4: Nobles | Each noble held their land from the King, sometimes through other nobles, in a kind of contract or agreement called a feudal bond. This was called feudalism.
5: There were two parts to the bond, fealty and homage. Fealty is the obligation or the engagement to be faithful to a lord, usually sworn to by a vassal. | Nobles
6: Homage is the formal public acknowledgment by which a feudal tenant or vassal declared himself to be the man or vassal of his lord, owing him fealty and service.Under the contract pledged their allegiance as vassals to the king in exchange of land. | Nobles
7: The knight was one of three types of fighting men during the middle ages: knights, foot soldiers, and archers. | Knights
8: Knights | The medieval knight was the equivalent of the modern tank. He was covered in multiple layers of armor, and could plow through foot soldiers standing in his way.
9: Knights | No single foot soldier or archer could stand up to any one knight. Knights were also generally the wealthiest of the three types of soldiers. This was for a good reason.
10: Dear Family, I'm sorry that I can't tell your this in person, but I've been called into service for the military. I will be gone for a while and will hope I come back to see you all soon. I will be looking forward to the day I can be with you all again. Your Knight In Shining Armor
11: This is a letter from a knight who is in the military and has to leave his family to fight.
12: It was terribly expensive to be a knight. The war horse alone could cost the equivalent of a small airplane. Armor, shields, and weapons were also very expensive. | Knights
13: Knights | Becoming a knight was part of the feudal agreement. In return for military service, the knight received a fief. In the late middle ages, many prospective knights began to pay "shield money" to their lord so that they wouldn't have to serve in the king's army.
14: Knights | When they captured a city, they were allowed to ransack it, stealing goods and valuables.
15: Knights | The money was then used to create a professional army that was paid and supported by the king. These knights often fought more for pillaging than for army wages.
16: Serfs / Peasants | Serfs are a group of people who made their living as farmers and laborers. A serf who ran away and lived in town for a year and a day gained freedom. The vast majority of people were farmers with a limited amount of land. They had to farm for all classes and themselves.
17: Manors | A manor was a large estate that included farm fields, pastures, and often an entire village. What was life like in a Medieval manor house? For the lord and his family, tolerably comfortable. Though the comforts of a modern house did not exist, they would have had privacy from the estate workers. For the estate workers, a winter's night would have been almost certainly very cold and uncomfortable.
18: At Penshurst, the Great Hall contained one large fire but the hall itself would have been very draughty. All those who slept here would have slept on straw. Washing facilities would have very poor (by our standards) and there would have been a very limited amount of time to wash as workers worked from sunrise to sunset. | Manors
19: Even the lords of a manor were bound by the duties required by the feudal system - and manors could be taken from noble families who were deemed to have angered the king. | Manors
20: Manors | For the peasants who worked on the land, life was still difficult and the feudal system gave them no freedom.
21: Terms You Should Know | Manor - A large estate that includes farm field, pastures, and often an entire village. Feudalism - Land was owned by kings but held by vassals in return for loyalty. Knight - a man, usually of noble birth, who after an apprenticeship as page and squire was raised to honorable military rank and bound to chivalrous conduct. Vassals - (in the feudal system) a person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other superior; feudal tenant.
22: Terms You Should Know | Peasants - a member of a class of persons, as in Europe, who are small farmers or farm laborers of low social rank. Nobles - of, belonging to, or constituting a hereditary class that has special social or political status in a country or state; of or pertaining to the aristocracy. Monarch - a hereditary sovereign, as a king, queen, or emperor.
23: Terms Your Should Know | Serf - a person in a condition of servitude, required to render services to a lord, commonly attached to the lord's land and transferred with it from one owner to another. Homage - the formal public acknowledgment by which a feudal tenant or vassal declared himself to be the man or vassal of his lord, owing him fealty and service. Fealty - the obligation or the engagement to be faithful to a lord, usually sworn to by a vassal.