FC: World War Two
1: Battle of Britain | Allied airplanes stage a wave of attacks over Berlin, Germany during 1942.
2: The Battle of Britain was a series of air battles between Great Britain and Germany, fought over Britain from Aug to Oct 1940. | In 1940, the Battle of Britain began when the German Luftwaffe had air attacks on ports and airfields. The Royal Air Force(RAF) had an advantage over its German opponents. A new technology called radar gave the British advance notice of German air attack. | By September 1940, Hitler realized that he couldn't defeat the British in the air. He postponed his invasion plans but ordered intense bombing raids on British towns and cities.
3: Blitzkrieg | These raids were called the blitz, short for blitzkrieg. Also called "lighting war." They were surprise attacks. The Germany tactic was to heavily bomb all the major towns in Britain. The blitz began in London, England, on September 7, 1940. More than four hundred died. London was attacked many times until bombing ended in May 1941. | Germany bombed heavily for 10 months. Britain responded with blackouts, so the towns weren't as easily detected at night. Germans dropped more than 35,000 tons of bombs and lost 650 aircrafts.
4: "Suddenly there was roar like an express train, a hurtling, a tearing, all-powerful overwhelming rush. Together we sprang to our feet.The earth seemed to split into a thousand fragments... Outside there was a stifling, forbidding atmosphere. I stumbled over two masses of debris, clattered over piles of glass. I rushed outside in the front. I saw at once all the windows of the flats had been blasted open or out." | Colin Perry describes an explosion that hit his parent's house during a German bombing raid over London, England, on Oct 18, 1940.
5: " Paid visit to town and was on my home by train when a flight of planes roared overhead. There came a series of explosions followed by a continuous rattle like pebbles falling on galvanized steel sheeting. The train pulled into a suburban station, the porters shouting 'Air Raid- Take Cover.' This was the real thing. Going out on to the platform, I gazed at the sky...The sky was blue and almost cloudless. There were puffs of bursting shells, the rattle of machine guns and the tiny shapes of our own interceptor planes darting into the swarm." | The diary entry of an unknown Londoner describes a fight during the Battle of Britain.
6: Battleship Row at the beginning of the attack. The explosion in the center is a torpedo strike on the USS West Virginia. | The battleship USS Utah, capsized in Pearl Harbor after it was bombed.
7: Germany, Italy and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact in September 1940. President Roosevelt placed an embargo on Japan and then froze Japanese assets in the U.S. in July 1941. but he wanted to avoid war with Japan to concentrate on Germany. | U.S. leaders knew that Japan intended war with U.S.; but didn't know about the planned attack on Pearl Harbor. Japan wised to destroy the U.S. fleet and keep it out of war.
8: The attack on Dec 7, 1941 was a complete surprise, killing more than 2,400 American servicemen.Japan was successful destroying the American fleet. This had a powerful symbolic impact. Roosevelt referred to Dec 7th "as a day which will live in infamy," as he asked Congress to declare war on Japan. Germany and Italy then declared war on the U.S.
10: A jumbled mass of wreckage is all that remained of two U.S. Navvy destroyers, the Downes(left) and the Cassin.
11: "I was hoppin mad; I wanted to shoot every damned plane out of the sky, it was so thick in places you could almost walk on it. All our planes were burning. And then this plane comes down and disappears in the smoke. I said to myself, When he gets out of that smoke, I'm going to let him have it. I swung my gun around to the center of that soke, and that guy came barreling out of it. I was shooting right down and hit the propeller hub. I think he came to get me but his plane slammed into a hillside." John Finn, U.S. Sailor
12: THE HOLOCAUST | Star of David | The Holocaust was the mass killing of the Jewish people during WWII. It started in June of 1941 when death squads started to work behind German lines. | First, the Jews were either killed immediately in gas chambers or burned, or they were sent to concentration or labor camps. If they were sent to camps, they would have to be subjected to torment, harsh conditions and terrifying medical experiments.
13: Josef Mengele | Holocaust deaths | Josef Mengele became infamous for performing multiple experiments on prisoners during WWII. His favorite people to experiment on? Twins. | It is estimated that somewhere between 11 million and 17 million people were prosecuted in the Holocaust
14: a prisoner being experimented on to test super cold conditions in Dachau | Holocaust prisoners were often the subject of many medical experiments by the Nazis. Prisoners were virtually "practice dummies" for Nazi doctors. These experiments were used to find ways to help German soldiers survive cold conditions and also to find ways to rid the world of the racially inferior. Another experiment was to find ways to make sea water potable, or drinkable. This was of course tested on the prisoners.
15: "When we were coming... coming to Majdanek the women were so crazy - not that they just hollered, they got out of their mind. A whole night they were laid down in the fields separate, and the men are separate. I got a good friend, he was a furrier. He was working for somebody there, and he got up in the middle of the night, and they shot him. We never heard anything. When I got up in the morning, I looked around for him, where he is, and I found him dead. Nobody's supposed to get up... stand up at night." - Solomon Radasky, a Holocaust survivor | Solomon Radasky
16: Operation Torch July 24, 1942 | Goal-> gain control of North Africa | Positions of the Western, Eastern & Central Task Forces
17: Operation Torch was the first offensive plan that the U.S. took against Germany. It was made up of three different landings. The Western Force was in Morocco, the Eastern Force in Oran & the Central Force in Algeria. Commander in Chief of the whole operation was Lt. General Dwight D. Eisenhower. It was a huge landing of hostile fire. After only three days all of North Africa west of Algiers was in the Allies possession. | CASUALTIES 1,469 526-KILLED 837 WOUNDED 41 MISSING BEGINNING OF THE OFFENSIVE PART OF WAR AGAINST GERMANY | General Eisenhower
18: Bataan Death March | Men were starving,weak & dying. | -70 mile march from tip of Bataan to San Fernando. | Gen. Masaharu Homma
19: American and Filipino troops were running out of food, ammo and hope. On April 6, 1942, these troops surrendered to the Japanese by waving anything white that they had. Lt. General Masaharo Homma imprisoned all of the, but found that he wouldn't be able to get them all back to San Fernando by truck. he made them "march". The men were hungry and weak. The Japanese beat and killed without reason or thought. Some of the men stopped to fill their canteens, the Japanese didn't like this and shot them all. If anyone fell a little behind they were shot without mercy. In 1946, General Homma was executed for the brutal beatings and killings of the troops.
20: D-Day June 6,1944-August 29,1944 | The Battle of Normandy Map | A.K.A OPERATION OVERLOAD
21: Known as the largest seaborne invasion in history, it involved three million troops crossing the unpredictably dangerous English Channel to Normandy in France. Battle began a few months before when Allies continuously bombed Normandy's coast to screw up Germany's military strength. Used parachuters and gliders to seize landings and blow up points of key transportation. Operation Neptune- Allies have a firm standing in Normandy. (June 30) Invasion of Normandy = SUCCESS
22: "As we moved in towards the beaches, we could see an armada of invasion vessels in the channel below us, their forces converging toward the several invasion beaches. I had the surging feeling that i was sitting on the greatest show ever staged--one that would, make world history. On the beachhead, there was a tremendous wall of smoke all along the shore where the bombs and shells were exploding. The landing craft were moving up and down as we turned off the target area after dropping our bombs. Every move was timed to the precise second. We went in at 4,500 feet on this first mission. Our bombs went away at 6:30 a.m., the precise time planned." -Allen W. Stephens
23: By the time night fell on June 6, more than 9,000 Allied troops were already dead. Even though this many were already lost, 100,000+ had made it to shore and took control of French villages. There is no official total of the # of deaths on D-Day, but there are an estimated 425,000 dead or injured troops for the Allies and 209,000 for Germany. | Troops taking cover on Normandy beach
24: THE ATOMIC BOMBS | FAT MAN | LITTLE BOY
25: Fat Man's design | Fat Man was dropped over Nagasaki on Aug 9, 1945 by The Maltese Falcon | Fat Man detonated at 1,800 feet over Nagasaki, Japan. Roughly 39,000 Japanese were killed by the initial bombing, and 25,000 more were injured. Thousands died later due to burns and radiation injuries
26: Little Boy's design | Three days prior to the dropping of Fat Man, Little Boy was dropped. On August 6th, 1945, Little Boy devastated Hiroshima. | Dropped by the Enola Gay, Little Boy killed an estimated 140,00 people. Little Boy wasn't tested in advance unlike Fat Man.
27: Miyoko Watanabe- a surviving witness of Little Boy | "Those who fled from one or one and a half kilometer from the hypocenter really did have to step over bodies and shake off hands grasping their legs for help. When someone grabbed hold of their shoes, they just had to leave their precious shoes and flee - otherwise, they wouldn't survive..."