FC: STEM Expeditions
1: Table of Context Geography 1-5 Scientist in the field 6-7 Wildlife tracking and sign 8-17 Digital photography 18-33 About the Author 34-35
2: The Cascade Range The Cascade range is located on a convergent plate boundary. Here, the Juan de Fuca plate is colliding with the western edge of the North American Plate. This causes the Juan de Fuca plate to subduct underneath Oregon, Washington, and northern California forming the volcanic mountains of the Cascade range.
3: Mount Mazama Mount Mazama began to build itself into a mountain over 400,000 years. Eruptions of lava and ash piled up eventually forming a composite volcano more than 12,000 feet tall. Mount Mazama was at one time the tallest mountain in the Cascades. | Approximately 7,700 years ago Mount Mazama erupted. The eruption started when a vent on the northeast side of the volcano erupted a cloud of ash a mile wide into the air. The ash spread across the state of Oregon. Many eruptions from around the volcano followed draining the magma chamber and preventing it from re-filling fast enough. As a result, the magma chamber emptied. With less magma under the volcano Mount Mazama began to collapse in on itself pushing the rest of the magma out the sides. The depression where Mount Mazama once stood is called a caldera.
4: Mount Mazama collapsed in on itself forming a caldera. The caldera is five miles wide and one mile deep from its’ highest point to the bottom of the caldera. Following the collapse, the caldera began to fill with snow and rain water. | At the same time, very small eruptions were occurring inside the caldera. One eruption formed the cinder cone now called Wizard Island. Other eruptions formed the Merriam cone and the Central Platform, which are lava flows below the lake level today.
5: Crater Lake Jessica WIllmore June 17, 2012
6: Irene Brady Irene Brady is a scientific illustrator. As a scientific illustrator Irene illustrates and writes books on nature, habitats, and animals around the world. Irene has also written books on illustrating nature and teaches workshops on nature sketching, sketching/journaling, landscape sketching, and watercolor-pencil techniques. In the field Irene focused on teaching us the difference between right-brain and left-brain sketching. We learned about how the left-brain has stock images for everything we think of. While thinking with our right-brain we can be more realistic with our drawings. It was very frustrating trying to learn to sketch with your right-brain but soon the class started to get a hold of the concept and their drawings really improved.
8: Observer: Jessica Willmore Date: June 25 2012 Location: Duck Aviary, NAPLS Nature Preserve Habitat: Dry rocky ground Track Description: Killdeer
9: Observer Jessica Willmore Date June 25 2012 Location Duck Aviary, NAPLS Nature Preserve; Habitat Dry rocky ground Track Description: Killdeer nest and eggs
10: Observer: Jessica Willmore Date: June 25 2012 Location: Deep Water Basins NAPLS Nature Preserve Habitat: deep water basins Track Description: scat | Observer: Jessica Willmore Date: June 25 2012 Location: Swickard Woods NAPLS Nature Preserve Habitat: Hardwood forest Track Description: scat Notes/Vouchers w/number: round pellets, half an inch in size, brown
11: Observer: Jessica Willmore Date: June 25 2012 Location: Duck Aviary pool, NAPLS Nature Preserve Habitat: vernal pools, pond, deep water basins Track Description: Bullfrog tadpole
12: Observer: Jessica Willmore Date: June 19, 2012 Location: Soda Mountain Wilderness Habitat: fir forests Track Description: scat Notes: old bleached scat
13: Observer: Jessica WIlmore Date: June 19 2012 Location: Soda Mountain Wilderness Habitat: fir forests Track Description: trail
14: Observer Jessica Willmore Date June 19 2012 Location: Soda Mountain Habitat: fir forests Track Description: scat notes: the scat was brown and fresh. all in one pile. pellets | Observer: Jessica Willmore Date: June 21 2012 Location: Land Bridge, Soda Mountain Wilderness Habitat: fir forests Track Description: scat
15: Observer: Jessica Willmore Location: Soda Mountain Wilderness Habitat: fir forests Track Description: track footprint
17: June 19, 2012 United States fish and wildlife forensics lab. During my trip to Oregon our STEM class had a presentation from the United States fish and wildlife forensic lab. The fish and wildlife forensic lab is the only forensics lab in the world that specializes only on fish and wildlife. The forensics lab, identify the species of animals sent to their lab. They determine the cause of death of the animal, if the animal is endangered or illegally hunted they can take the hunter to court. They also identify and compare physical evidence in an attempt to link suspect, victim and crime scene. The forensics lab takes in cases from all over the world from elephant tusks to coral boxes. The forensic specialists will conduct crime scene investigations, examine submitted pieces of evidence, and provide expert witness testimony in court.
30: Fire Frame Jessica Willmore Digital Photograph
34: Jessica I'm Jessica Willmore and I'm 16 years old. I'm a student at New Albany High School. This summer my mom, three other teachers and 21 other kids went on a wild trip. Ranging from ages 11 to 18 21 kids from New Albany schools flew out to Oregon for 7 days. Prior to the trip we spent a week together everyday for eight hours learning geology, photography and wildlife tracking. We flew to Oregon and our first stop was Creator Lake. Creator Lake was absolutely gorgeous, The day we went up to take photos the sky was clear of clouds, the water was an amazing blue and there was still snow everywhere. Our second stop was Green spring Inn where we stayed in huge furnished cabins around us was a lush green fir forest. We spent a lot of our time hiking, snapping photos and learning scientific tracking, journaling, and geography. It was a fantastic trip over all, great people and places.
36: Sources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Mazama_eruption_timeline_1.svg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Mazama_eruption_timeline_2.svg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Mazama_eruption_timeline_3.svg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Mazama_eruption_timeline_4.svg