BC: The End
FC: Pashtun Culture | By: Kayla Panko
1: Pashtun people are the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. Around 40 million people make up this ethnic group. With their numbers being so high, they have a strong sense of identity. People these days associate the Pashtun people with the Taliban. Pashtuns tend to be more conservative than any other ethnic group, the Taliban only reflect certain aspects of the overall Pashtun character.
2: Their language that they speak is also called Pashtun. | Pashtun celebrate two major festivals on the Islamic lunar calendar year: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al- Adha. | Pashtun society attaches great importance to a code of conduct called Pashtunwalli.This states the way poeple should behave to keep the tribe together.
3: Islam was introduced to the Pashtun in the eighth century. All but few Pashtun tribes follow Islam. | They do not have very high living standards. Many groups of Pashtun along the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan live as nomads. | The eldest male holds complete authority over the extended family. Married sons live in their fathers' household rather than establishing homes of their own.
4: Traditional male dresses in a qmis, a loose-fitting shirt that reaches to the knees, and shalwar, full trousers tied at the waist with a string. A vest is usually worn over the shirt. Footwear consists of chaplay, thick leather shoes. Most adult males were pagray, turbans. Long strips of cotton cloth are wound around the head, leaving the forehead exposed because it is touched during prayer. They also wear a long, wide piece of cloth called a chadar on their shoulders.
5: Women wear baggy black or colored trousers, a long shirt belted with a shash, and a length of cotton over the head. City women wear the same type of trousers, a qmis, like the males, and a cotton cloth to cover their heads. Over their clothing, they also usually wear a burqa, a veil that covers them from head to below the knees.