S: Psychology Revealed
BC: Good Luck!
FC: A concise guide to the field of Psychology and its related components. | Is A Career in Psychology For You?
1: Psychology Defined Put simply, Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. The goals of Psychologists are to observe, describe, explain, predict, and control the mental precesses and behaviors of people. In order to do this they perform research by giving surveys and conducting scientific experimentation, which includes collecting and analyzing data and drawing logical conclusions.
2: It should be noted that outside of these major fields, there are many other specialized fields of Psychology including Environmental, Comparative, and Consumer Psychology. | Major Fields of Psychology Psychology can be broken down into 8 major categories: -Clinical -Counseling -School -Educational -Developmental -Personality -Social -Experimental | There are also 8 applied fields: -Industrial and Organizational -Human Factors -Community -Forensic -Health -Rehabilitation -Cross-Cultural -Sports
4: All things grow better with love. | Job Descriptions and Personality Overviews of the Major Fields Clinical Psychology - The majority of psychologists are clinical. They help people with severe mental disorders like depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia, and also help people with relational issues, drug abuse, and weight control. Often times they'll use interviews or administer psychological tests to asses problems. Then they will try to assist the patient by helping them understand their issues and attempting to change destructive behavior. Clinical Psychologists must be caring, patient, and genuinely want to help people improve their lives. They need to be good active listeners, have good communication skills, be perceptive to others' feelings, and be able to handle sensitive issues professionally. Counseling Psychology - This field is very similar to the previous one; people employed as counseling psychologists conduct interviews and administer tests to help determine a person's problems. However, they deal primarily with people who have adjustment issues rather than serious mental disorders, such as those who find it difficult to make friends or decisions, or people who are experiencing conflicts with teachers, family members, or employers. Counseling psychologists must also be patient, good listeners, sensitive communicators, perceptive to feelings, and good problems solvers.
5: Counseling Psychologist at Work
6: Keys of Educational Psychology
7: School Psychology - A school psychologist's main concern is making sure that each and every student at a school has the best education plan and is working to the best of their potential. They may talk with teachers, parents, and the students themselves to identify which students have problems, and then decide how best to solve that problem. The students they work with either have learning disabilities (trouble learning to read, write, or do math) or students who have peer and family problems. School psychologists also administer intelligence and achievement tests to identify which students deserve advanced placement. The characteristics of a school psychologist are a love of children, caring strongly about education, patients, strong critical thinking and decision making skills, good communication and listening skills, and accurate discernment for placement. They must also be able to handle delicate situations and topics with care. Educational Psychology - As with the previous set, education psychology is similar to school psychology. However, instead of dealing with the issues and placement of individual students, education psychologists focus on the learning interests of the school as a whole. Generally, they focus on course planning, researching instructional methods, and learning how factors such as motivation, creativity, emotions, cultural factors, and economical factors affect a student's ability to learn. An educational psychologist can also help prepare standardized tests such as the SAT or the PSSA. They must care strongly about education, have good focusing and research skills, have good critical thinking and decision making skills, and have an in depth understanding of how various factors affect the human mind.
8: Developmental Psychology - Psychologists in this field are concerned with learning about and studying the changes that occur throughout a person's life, including physical, emotional, cognitive, and social changes. They also try to understand the affects of heredity and the environment on development. Often times developmental psychologists will focus on the changes that occur during one specific time in a person's life such as childhood, adolescence, or older adulthood. This area of psychology requires researching skills, genuine caring for human beings, a good understanding of human biology and of people's emotions, thoughts, and relationships, and of how various factors cause these things to change. Personality Psychology - Personality Psychologists are interested in people's traits (like shyness, friendliness, or aggression) and how these traits develop. They study the roots of psychological disorders, how a person's traits relate to these disorders, and are also interested in problems such as anxiety and gender roles. These kinds of psychologists must be perceptive to the motivations behind people's behaviors, be good researchers, have good focusing skills, and much have good critical thinking skills.
9: Stages of Life
10: Social Psychology - Social Psychologists study people's behavior in social situations and research how external influences affect human behavior. Examples of situations they study include how people's behavior changes when in a group, how men and woman behave in various settings, why people conform to generally conceived social standards, and why people are discriminatory, along with the effects of that discrimination. These Psychologists must understand human motivations, be good critical thinkers, have good deductive reasoning, and understand the various dynamics of all kinds of human relationships. Experimental Psychology - In this particular field, psychologists conduct research on basic processes, like the function of the nervous system, sensations and perception, learning and memory, and thinking and motivation. Experimental Psychologists often focus on the correlation between biology and psychology, and the affect their association has on cognitive processes. This sector of psychology requires one to have good researching skills, a background in biology, good critical thinking skills, curiosity, and a determination to understand basic human processes.
11: People in various social situations | Experimental Psychologist analyzing their research
12: Industrial and Organizational Psychology - These psychologists focus on people, work, and the behavior of people in businesses. They are employed by companies to improve working conditions, and are involved in hiring and training employees. Other tasks include helping people who have trouble on the job, administering psychological or personality tests to job applicants, and researching factors that affect job satisfaction. | Applied Fields Overview
13: Human Factors Psychology - These psychologists deal with finding the best way to design a product (school, work or home products) for the public to use. They consider things such as how the product works, how it looks and feels, how comfortable and durable it is, and how it will affect people in their everyday lives. Community Psychology - Community psychologists work to create systems and institutions in communities that help nurture the well being of individuals. They might be involved in the creation and planning of hospital programs, school programs, and mental health institutions. In addition, they're interested in promoting change in social environments, reducing and containing mental health threats, and helping those without social power, like children and seniors, cope with their situations.
14: Forensic Psychology - Forensic Psychologists work with the criminal justice system, and are often called upon to determine whether a witness is mentally competent to testify or not. They can also be responsible to inform the court about psychological issues and how they relate to criminal behavior. Besides working with the courts, they can also work with police stations to aid in the hiring of police officers, help officers deal with job stress, and train individuals to handle dangerous situations such as hostages, family violence, and suicide threats. Health Psychology - Psychologists in this field study the way that behavior and mental processes affect physical health, and often work closely with many health professionals such as doctors, nurses, and dietitians.. They study the affects of stress on health problems and are interested in preventing and reducing the risk of disease. Rehabilitation Psychology - These people work with individuals who are having trouble coping with a disability, such as an amputation, brain damage, or vision impairment. They help them deal with the psychological affects of their disabilities, as well as help them devise strategies to compensate and to function.
15: Cross-Cultural Psychology - Usually, psychologists focus their studies on people from first-world, industrialized countries. However, cross-cultural psychologist study behavior and mental processes of those under different cultural conditions. They research how psychological problems such as depression and anxiety are perceived differently by those living in different cultures and social situations.
16: Sports Psychology - A sports psychologist is primarily concerned with helping athletes deal with performance problems, such as handling the pressure of a big game or tuning out the cheering of the crowd. They help the athletes focus on their goals, stay motivated, and teach them ways to manage their anxiety.
17: Specialized Fields Overview Environmental Psychology - Environmental Psychologists research the affect a person's physical environment can have on them. They investigate whether or not cities and buildings serve human needs, the psychological effects of temperature, noise, and lighting on mood, and the impact of crowding and smog. Comparative Psychology - These psychologists are interested in animal behavior and study the relationships between different species. They also research the similarities and differences of an ancient mammal with its modern counterpart, and study their evolutionary relationships. Consumer Psychology - It is the job of consumer psychologists to ensure that products are advertised affectively to appeal to the consumer, They work with newspaper advertisers and commercial directors to make sure that products are being presented to potential buyers in the most appealing way. They are also employed by grocery stores to place food items in areas that will be seen by the target consumer (like sugary cereals on a child's eye level) or in areas of the store the will cause shoppers to pass other tempting items (such as putting milk, a commonly bought item, at the back of the store). it
18: Putting It All Together Now that you've had the opportunity to review the general options available in the field of psychology and learn a little more about them, you can decide if one of them might be a career choice for you. For example, you might value working with and helping people. After reviewing the major psychology fields, you might decide you would enjoy a career as a counseling psychologist. Or, do you value helping people, but also enjoy working with children? You might find yourself drawn the the world of school psychology. You can also evaluate your interests when deciding which area of psychology to investigate further. Are you interested in the criminal justice system, are you creative and enjoy designing products, or are you interested in other cultures? If so, a career in forensic, human factors, or cross-cultural psychology might suit you respectively. If you find yourself interested in one or more of these career options and would like to find out more about them, you can talk to a teacher or guidance counselor, or you can visit sites such as CDMcareerzone.com where you can research thousands of careers. This site provides information on the tasks done on the job, skills required, education needed, salaries, job outlooks, and much more.