BC: Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, pursued truth about medicine. In the end, he succeeded. Many of his findings are the basis for many modern medicinal principles, and many of his findings are still true. He also succeeded in proving that diseases are natural, not religious, and created an oath that is still in use today. Hippocrates died at an estimated age of 83-90 years old, and some say he lived to be over 100 years old, all the while practicing medicine.
FC: Greek Geeks, Hippocrates's Search for Truth By Vincent Hou
1: Hippocrates was born in the year 460 BC to the physician Hereclides and his wife, Paxitela. He was taught that the gods caused all sickness as a form of sickness. He would eventually revolutionize medicine to form the basis of modern medicine today.
2: Hippocrates was taught by his father at the age of 11, and then went to the asklepieion, or ancient healing temple of Kos at the age of 14, and took lessons from the Thracian physician Herodicus of Selymbria. There he learned about the preexisting methods of diagnosing diseases, and the treatment options, many of which were flawed in theory and practice. This formed the basis of his reasons for establishing the Koan schools of medicine. It was possible that he even traveled to Egypt and Libya to learn.
3: Little is known about when he started practicing medicine, but many sources state that it was at the age of 19. He scorned the theory of associating religion with medicine, as in the gods causing many illnesses and injuries, and he also spent many years doing research and gathering information about the subject until he could publish his works.
4: Hippocrates was imprisoned because of his teachings that defied the preexisting greek theory that the greek gods caused illness and injury. The period of time has not been specifically mentioned in any credible sources, but many say that is was a period of 5 to 20 years. During that time, he published the The Complicated Body, a revolutionary book about the human anatomy, because the specific anatomy of the human body was not known because dissection of dead bodies was not permitted.
5: Upon his release, Hippocrates established the Hippocratic School of Medicine, also known as a koan school. This type of school was the second type of medical institute, the other was the Knidean one. The Koan school focused on prognosis and patient care, and thought that the body could heal itself, and focused on professionalism and cleanliness. It explored and established a number of medical facts that are still truths today.
6: Hippocrates continued searching for the truths of the different fields of medicine. He was credited by Pythagoras for allying the fields of medicine and philosophy. Along the way, he proved that sickness was caused by environmental and behavior characteristics, like weather, exercise, age, and eating habits. He proved this by defying the different gods and sufffering no ill effects.
7: Hippocrates was the first to diagnose clubbing of the fingers, an important diagnostic sign in chronic suppurative lung disease, lung cancer and cyanotic heart disease. For this reason, clubbed fingers are sometimes referred to as "Hippocratic fingers". He used many different ways to find these truths, and many of the ways he used to diagnose symptoms of diseases are still in use today.
8: Hippocrates began to categorize illnesses as acute, chronic, endemic and epidemic, and use terms such as, "exacerbation, relapse, resolution, crisis, paroxysm, peak, and convalescence. Another of Hippocrates' major contributions may be found in his descriptions of the symptomatology, physical findings, surgical treatment and prognosis of thoracic empyema, suppuration of the lining of the chest cavity. His teachings remain relevant to present-day students of pulmonary medicine and surgery. Hippocrates was the first documented chest surgeon and his findings are still valid.
9: The biggest accomplishment made by Hippocrates during his search for truths in medicine was the Hippocratic oath. This was an oath made to be taken by nurses and doctors, stating that they would swear to always attempt to save a patient, no matter whether they were an enemy or a friend, and no matter the financial situation. This oath is still used today, albeit in many different forms.