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The North-West Mounted Police

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S: The North-West Mounted Police

FC: THE NORTH-WEST MOUNTED POLICE

1: By:Iqra Khandid and Mariam Zahid 87

2: Bibliography | Badge of 1876 to 1904 -http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/unif/images/1873-1904-l-g.jpg | Badge of 1904 to 1920 -http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/unif/images/1904-1920-l-g.jpg | Badge of 1920 to 1954- http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/unif/images/1920-1954-l-g.jpg | Badge of1954 to 2011-http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/unif/images/1954-l-g.jpg | The Great March-http://members.shaw.ca/kcic1/cangifs/marchwest.jpg | Coins-http://members.shaw.ca/kcic1/rcmp/1973-25.jpg | Coins -http://members.shaw.ca/kcic1/rcmp/rcmpdollar.jpg | Uniform Jacket -http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/hist/images/norfolk.jpg | Pill Box Cap-http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/hist/images/pillbox-tambourin-cap-chapeau.jpg

3: TABLE OF CONTENTS | Overview.....................................pg.1 Key Words....................................pg.2 Images/Pictures..............................pg.3 Wordle.......................................pg.4

4: Overview | The most essential part of a police force is to enforce the laws made and make sure they are being followed. The North-West Mounted police was established in the Northwest Territories on May 23rd 1873. The act was approved by the Government of Canada by Queen Victoria with the advice of our first prime minister, John A. Macdonald. The police force began with the number of outlaws and illegal whiskey traders. It is against the law to sell whiskey, however there was no police force to support that law. People of the region decided to take advantage of the freedom and began to sell whiskey to the Aboriginals at outrageous prices. The police force represented one of Canada’s most important symbols. Their position is deserved for the police in playing a crucial role in the peaceful settlement and development in Canada.

5: Key Words | * Firewater- A cheap liquor sold to the Aboriginals, that is a kind of poison. * Police Force- An organized civil strength to maintain order, prevent and detect crime and enforce the laws. * Gold Rush-A movement of people to a region where gold has been discovered.Billy Barker found a rich vein of gold, in two days he took out one thousand dollars worth of gold. * Aboriginal People- The earliest inhabitants of a region or a country. People of the area had been selling whiskey to the Aboriginals at outrageous prices. * The Great March- 18 officers and 257 men and horse left to Winnipeg for Fort Whoop-Up. They had severe conflicts while traveling * Mountie- a member of The North-West Mounted Police which is currently called The Royal Canadian Mounted Police. * Queen Victoria: was the sovereign of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland * Outlaws: A person excluded from normal legal protection and rights. * Northwest Territories: a federal territory of Canada that came into existence in June 1870. * Monarchy: A monarchy is a form of government in which all political power is given to just one individual. The badges the NWMP wore symbolized the British Monarchy.

6: Images and Description | The North - West Mounted badges | The North-West Mounted Police Badges included the crown symbolized the British monarchy, the buffalo, and the maple leaf. The motto “Maintien le Droit” means “uphold the law” | 1873-1904 | 1904-1920

7: The North -West Mounted badges | The basic idea on the early badges can still be seen today. A buffalo facing front of the badge, the motto, maple leaves and a scroll with the name of the Force and a crown at the top of the badge over the name “Canada” | 1920-1954 | 1954-2011 | Badges

8: Images and Description | The North-West Mounted police jacket | Pill box cap

9: The jacket, simple and practical, without trimmings, was chosen so that the North West Mounted Police. Lord Dufferin wanted to wear red because the imperial colour of the British empire. The breeches or trousers were gray. Black boots with worn on long brown boots on duty. | The original uniform also included a pill box cap, which was worn tilted to the right side of the head and held on by a thin strap under the chin. The caps were made of blue cloth and were painted with a ribbon of yellow or gold on the side and thin string of the same colour on the top.

10: The Great March | The new police force was faced with an almost impossible task. It had to look after six million km2 and thousands of people with only three-hundred police. They only had 142 oxen pulling red river carts and wagons, 93 head of cattle, 310 horses, 2 field gun , a hay –mowing machine and portable kitchens Plans were made for the Great March West .Many members of the North-West Mounted Police kept Dairies to keep track of what they are doing. | Images and Description

11: These coins were made in the late 1800’s and now in the 21 century they are very priceless. People are willing to pay more than 200 hundred dollars or more for these 25 cent coins. | Coins

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