FC: TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE | Halle Sherman
1: The idea of slavery in Africa has been around since the ancient times, but forced slavery didn't start until the 1500's. Most slaves from Africa were actually people who had been captured in the war and some had sold themselves into slavery during times of famine, In a lot of the African societies, the slaves were more like part of the community. They were treated and servants instead of like property. Over time a slave and his/her children might become even a full member of the society. Europeans however had different views. They introduced the idea a slavery on a HUGE scale. During the height of the trade in the 1700's, nearly 60,000 (yes you read that right) African Americans were stuffed into the under part, called the hold of slave ships. Most did not live the the "middle passage: across the Atlantic. The forced migration sent the surviving thousands of miles from their home. As the demand for slaves grew the profit the slave traders made off them did too. Around the 1600's trade networks with the people as the "cargo" was linking together Europe and Africa and the Americas. The downside here is the racism QUICKLY started up. Many "white people" looked on the African Americans as "inferior humans". Some racists tried to back up their feelings with "proof" and therefore racism was then used as a way to clarify how th treat "slaves". It gave way to treating them as property more than equals. The idea of the trading was the European slave traders would get their slaves from local African rulers and then in return the Europeans would pay for the slaves with guns and other goods that have been manufactured. In a way the Europeans were further helping out "their cause" because the African slave traders would then take there guns and attack villages taking many prisoners. Not all Europeans liked the thought of slavery or having slaves. Some people spoke out but they weren't able to open people's eyes and turn heads. Around the 1700's important European thinkers started to talk about human rights and started to oppose slavery. Abolition slowly began to gain force. The Quakers were a strong believer of abolition. Later on in Britain and the United States, free blacks began to speak out against slavering by telling about what they had gone through. By 1807, Britain had outlawed slave trade and later on they convinced many other nations to do so as well. Not everyone listened when it was banned. Britain finally passed a law in 1833 banning it. And in 1865 it was finally banned form the United States too.
2: map of slave trade
3: West Africa | west Africa | slave trade boat
4: kids in slavery
5: BIBLIOGRAPHY: paper source; book photo 1; http://www.slaveryinamerica.org/geography/slave_trade.htm photo 2; http://www.slavevoyages.org/tast/resources/images.faces photo 3; http://www.slavevoyages.org/tast/resources/images.faces photo 4; http://www.slavevoyages.org/tast/resources/images.faces photo 5; http://www.slavevoyages.org/tast/resources/images.faces